Russia was shcoked after getting defeated in the Russo-Japenese war, and this outraged many Russian people. After losing in the war, factory workers, led by Father Gapon, marched peacefully up to the czar's palace in St. Petersburg. I is believed that there was between 50,000 and 100,000 marchers, asking for better working conditions and political freedoms. As they stood in the snow marching, soldiers began to fire shots towards the crowd. Many people were killed and more were wounded.