EU INTEGRATION

  • Brussels Treaty. Beginning of EU I

    Western European Union Creation
  • Benelux Union. Beginning of EU II

    Custom Union. also known as simply Benelux, is a politico-economic union and formal international intergovernmental cooperation of three neighboring states in western Europe: Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
  • Organisation for European Economic Cooperation OEEC

    PREDECCESSOR OF ECSC I
    The organisation was created to allocate and distribute Marshall Plan
  • Council of Europe. Beginning of EU III

    International organisation whose stated aim is to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Europe
  • NATO. Beginning of EU IV

    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • Schumann Declaration

    PREDECCESSOR OF ECSC II
    -It is the statement made by the French foreign minister Robert Schuman and JEAN MONNET on 9 May 1950. It proposed to place French and German production of coal and steel under one common High Authority. This organization would be open to participation of Western European countries.
    -Creation of the concep of common market.
    Stop the influence of Soviet Union and increases the potencial of the w european contries.
    -CORNER STONE FOR THE CREATION OF ECSC
  • 50s Beginning of the European Integration Process

  • Treaty of Paris. Coal and steel C. Beginning of EU V

    6 countries Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and West Germany.
    Expired in 2002
    came in force for 50 years
    High authority (Commission)
    The Council of ministers.
    Court of justice.
    Common Assembly.
    Currently EU structure came from this model.
    EVALUATION:
    Increase in production of iron and coal.
    Influence on political situation
    Court of Justice.- An independent judicial authorithy
  • European Defense Community (REJECTION)

    FIRST CRISIS OF EUROPEAN INTEGRATION.
    also known as the Treaty of Paris.
    Not limited to military integration.
    Sing in by 6 countries, but rejected by France
  • 2 Possibles alternatives of Integration

    SUPRANATIONALISM
    INTERGOVERNMENTAL COOPERATION
    The approach will depend by the particular interest of the countries.
    (Agriculture, transport services, energetic...)
    Charles de Gaulle proposed, instead of a community, to create just an union of countries to avoid the loss of influence of France
    EUROPEAN STATES WANTED TO PROTECT THE NATIONAL MARKETS
  • Conference of Messina.

    Preparation for the Treaty of Rome.
    selection of another sectors suitables for integration.
  • Consensus

    Both ideas will be accepted:
    Sectoral approach for ATOMIC RESEARCH
    Integration approach for FORMATION OF INTEGRATED ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (Spaak Report)
  • Treaty of Rome

    creation of the European Economic Community.
    Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and West Germany.
    EUROATOM. Common market for nuclear material, reaserch and health protection
    PRINCIPE OF SOLIDARITY
    ANTITRUST POLICY
    COMPETITIVENESS
    BASIC LAW HARMONIZATION BETWEEN THE MEMBERS
  • 60's Community Crises Period

    Charles de Gaulle proposed the "Fourchet plan" The idea was to form a new 'Union of States', an intergovernmental alternative to the European Communities.
    This Union should have the veto right to any community initiatives.
    France used the veto to prohibit the entrance as membership of Ireland, Denmark and Norway (Fear of decreasing influence of France)
  • Yaoundé Agreement

    First partnership agreement in the history between the European Economic Community (EEC) and the AASM (Associated African States and Madagascar) in 1963 (ASMM (African States, Madagascar and Mauritius) in 1969 respectively).
  • Empty Chair Crisis

    -The position of commission was very weak.
    - De Gaulle defended the idea of community more than a supranationalism system, but he agreed with the creation of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), he disagreed with the new rol of the commission (hierarchy)
    - The proposal to change from the unanimity to qualified majority voting to increase the supranationalism of the commission.
    -France left for almost one year the Council of Ministers, as a signal of boicot and disapprovement
  • Merger Treaty

    Simplification in one single structure, instead of three.
    Only one commission and council of ministers. Sing in in Brussels
  • Luxemburgo Compromise

    Solution for the empty chair crisis. All the members will try to help in all the ways possible a determinated country when it had an importat interess to solve, even with a further regulation in theirs economic systems.
  • Custom Union

    -Cancel duties between EEC members
    - The common trade policy against third countries.
    - The integration starts first with industrial products, then agricultural.
  • 70s First Enlargement

    Hague Summit.-
    -Discussion about the budget competence of the parliament.
    - Decision of deepen and extend the European community
    Werner Plan.-
    -Establishment of the monetary union in threes steps during 10 years.
    - Budget Treaty.- Establishment of courts of Auditors.
    -First direct election of European Parliament.
  • Accession of UK, Ireland, Denmark into UE

    Change of French position and beginning of negotiation with UK, Ireland, Denmark and NORWAY
  • 80s Creation of the Common Market

    -Declaration of democracy in Greece
    -Delors' commission.-
    Intensify the supranational power of the community
    Extend the integration to another economic and political areas.
    Essential to achieve another integration level
    -Cohesion Policy: Reduce the economic disparities between the members.
    -Delors I package- Decrease the cost of CAP
    -Free movement of labour
    Cecchini Report.- To evaluate the cost of a separated market
  • Fontainebleau Agreement

    At the summit in June 1984 at Fontainebleau outside Paris, the UK Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher obtained the famous “rebate" for the UK on its contribution to the EU budget. WE WANT OUR MONEY BACK
  • Accession of Spain and Portugal

  • White Paper

    -Complete the internal market
    -300 items grouped together in the three major categories.
    SCHENGEN AGREEMENT Abolition of systematic border controls
  • Single European Act

    -The first major revision of Treaty of Rome.
    - Extend the use of qualify majority voting.
    -Expansion of decision maker role of the UE parliament.
    -Single European currency
  • 1989

    Political changes in central and est of Europe.
    Cooperation with Hungary and Poland
    Negotiation with the FREE TRADE ASSOCIATION (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland)- CREATION OF EUROPEAN COMMUNITY AREA
  • 90S Deepening Integration

    Intensive integration and enlargement of the community.
    Delors Package.- Support Financial reform.
  • Maastricht Treaty (Treaty on European Union)

    Three Pillars:
    REVISION OF THE PREVIOUS TREATIES.
    FOREIGN AND SECURITY POLICY
    POLICE AND JURIDICAL COOPERATION IN CRIMINAL LAW MATTERS
  • Maastricht Treaty (Treaty on European Union) COME IN FORCE

    Single Market.
    Deepening integration in economic area.
    Move to political cooperation
  • Accession Finland, Sweden and Austria

  • Treaty of Amsterdam

    Creation of EU LAW
    Communiarization of visa, asylum and immigration.
  • Agenda 2000

    was an action programme of the European Union whose main objectives were to reform the Common Agricultural Policy and Regional policy, and establish a new financial framework for the years 2000–06 with a view to the then upcoming Eastern Enlargement of the European Union.
  • Charter of Fundamental Rights of European Union

    7 chapters. Codify the rights of European citizens
  • 2000s Eastern Enlargement

    2000 Treaty of Nice
    Revision of the EU Law
    Debate about the future of UE
  • Call Laeken Group

    10 Countries: Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia
  • Attempt for an European Constitution

    Rejected in referendum by France and the Netherlands
  • Election of Euro Parliament

  • Eastern Enlargement

    Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia
  • Accession of Bulgaria and Romania

  • Berlin Declaration

    Signed on 50 anniversary of the treaty of Rome
  • Treaty of Lisbon

    It amends the Maastricht Treaty (1992), known in updated form as the Treaty on European Union (2007) or TEU, and the Treaty of Rome (1957), known in updated form as the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (2007) or TFEU.[3] It also amends the attached treaty protocols as well as the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM).
  • Accession of Croatia

  • Election of Euro Parliament

  • New Financial Framework

    2014-2020
  • Brexit

    23 June, 2016 - leave won by 51.9% to 48.1%, referendum turnout was 71.8%, with more than 30 million people voting
     29 March, 2017 - Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty has been triggered
     Brexit talks - started on 19 June, 2017
     UK will depart the EU on 30 March 2019