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THE EUROPEAN UNION

By Furi
  • 2020 BCE

    UK LEAVES THE EU

    UK LEAVES THE EU
    The UK exits the EU on January 31st. The Uk was meant to negotiate future agreements with the EU. Such as concerning customs duties, free movement, the status of Europeans living in the UK and vice versa.
  • 2020 BCE

    THE EU

    THE EU
    The EU has 27 member states with a population of about 450 million. 19 counter are member of the eurozone, while six others countries have adopted the euro without being member of the eurozone or the EU.
  • 2020 BCE

    THE SCHENGEN AREA

    THE SCHENGEN AREA
    The Schengen area now comprises 26 States. Either Cyprus, Croatia, Bulgaria and Romania expected to integrate soon.
  • 2019 BCE

    BREXIT

    BREXIT
    After numerous failures, an agreement for Brexit is finally reached.
  • 2017 BCE

    UK NEGOTIATIES WITH THE EU

    UK NEGOTIATIES WITH THE EU
    The country then enters in long and difficult negotiations with the EU to define the conditions of their withdrawal.
  • 2016 BCE

    EUROPEAN MIGRANT CRISIS

    EUROPEAN MIGRANT CRISIS
    The EU signs agreements with Turkey and then with Libya, where the political situation was very unstable, so that they control and block the migration routes in exchange for financial aid.
  • 2016 BCE

    EUROPE WAS DIVIDED

    EUROPE WAS DIVIDED
    The migration crisis divided European countries and fuels the rise of nationalist and Eurosceptic parties.
  • 2016 BCE

    UK REFERENDUM

    UK REFERENDUM
    In June, the UK through a referendum votes in favor of leaving the EU.
  • 2015 BCE

    EUROPEAN MIGRANT CRISIS

    EUROPEAN MIGRANT CRISIS
    Despite the construction of walls at the Turkish border. Over a million migrants enter the Schengen area. Europe tries to slow the flow of migration and security patrols were reinforced on the Mediterranean Sea.
  • 2014 BCE

    ARAB CREATES INSTABILITY

    ARAB CREATES INSTABILITY
    Arab Spring creates instability in many countries.
  • 2014 BCE

    EUROPEAN MIGRANT CRISIS

    EUROPEAN MIGRANT CRISIS
    The civil war in Syria, a second civil war in Libya and Iraq, and other events in the Horn of Africa push many people to migrate to Europe.
  • 2013 BCE

    CROATIA

    CROATIA
    Croatia joins the EU.
  • 2011 BCE

    PORTUGAL, GREECE, SPAIN AND CYPRUS

    PORTUGAL, GREECE, SPAIN AND CYPRUS
    Portugal, Greece, Spain and Cyprus obtained financial aid from the Eurozone.
  • 2010 BCE

    GREECE

    GREECE
    Greece had a big public debt and ask for financial aid from the Eurozone and IMF in exchange for which it must implement austerity measures.
  • 2010 BCE

    IRELAND

    IRELAND
    Ireland also had a big public debt but they didn’t ask for financial aid from the Eurozone. But finally receives aid all the same in exchange for which it must adopt a strict plan.
  • 2009 BCE

    TREATY OF LISBON WAS RATIFIED

    TREATY OF LISBON WAS RATIFIED
    2008 and 2009 the Treaty of Lisbon was ratified by all states but Ireland needs a second referendum.
  • 2009 BCE

    GLOBAL ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRISIS

    GLOBAL ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL CRISIS
    The global economic and financial crisis has repercussions on the Eurozone, which enters a recession. After the rout of major European banks, many countries find themselves in difficulty.
  • 2007 BCE

    ROMANIA AND BULGARIA

    ROMANIA AND BULGARIA
    Romania and Bulgaria join the European Union.
  • 2007 BCE

    TREATY OF LISBON

    TREATY OF LISBON
    27 heads of state sign the Treaty of Lisbon, which aims to strengthen and improve the function of the EU after enlargement.
  • 2007 BCE

    EU’s ROLE

    EU’s ROLE
    The EU’s role is to promote peace, support sustainable development, fight social exclusion and discrimination, and safeguard cultural heritage.
  • 2005 BCE

    FRENCH AND DUTCH POPULATIONS

    FRENCH AND DUTCH POPULATIONS
    The French and Dutch populations oppose the Treaty via referendum.
  • 2004 BCE

    HALF-FAILURE OF THE TREATY OF NICE

    HALF-FAILURE OF THE TREATY OF NICE
    After the half-failure of the Treaty of Nice, the 25 heads of state meet in Rome to again try to streamline the functioning of the EU.
  • 2004 BCE

    ESTONIA, LATVIA, LITHUANIA, POLAND, SLOVAKIA, HUNGARY, SLOVENIA, CZECHIA AND MALTA

    ESTONIA, LATVIA, LITHUANIA, POLAND, SLOVAKIA, HUNGARY, SLOVENIA, CZECHIA AND MALTA
    Ten new countries joins to the European Union. There was Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia.
  • 2004 BCE

    CONSTITUTIONAL TREATY

    CONSTITUTIONAL TREATY
    The Constitutional Treaty would replace all existing treaties with a single text. This sparks heated debate across Europe, fearing an overly powerful EU at the expense of national sovereignty.
  • 2002 BCE

    EURO (CURRENCY)

    EURO (CURRENCY)
    The currency would be put into circulation only from January 1.
  • 1999 BCE

    EURO

    EURO
    The Euro is officially launched on the market.
  • 1997 BCE

    TREATY OF AMSTERDAM AND COMMUN CURRENCY

    TREATY OF AMSTERDAM AND COMMUN CURRENCY
    The Treaty of Amsterdam, its fundamental objective was to create an area of freedom, security and common justice. In addition, the commun currency advances that is called the Euro. However, the UK, Sweden and Denmark don’t want it.
  • 1997 BCE

    EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK

    EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK
    The UK, Sweden and Denmark set up the European Central Bank.
  • 1995 BCE

    AUSTRIA, SWEDEN AND FINLAND

    AUSTRIA, SWEDEN AND FINLAND
    Austria, Sweden and Finland joins the Community. There were 15 members in the EU.
  • 1995 BCE

    SCHENGEN AGREEMENT

    SCHENGEN AGREEMENT
    Signed in Schengen, Luxemburg in 1985. The Schengen Agreement is gradually introduced from 1995. It’s objective is to abolish border controls and therefore have total freedom of movement within the EU.
  • 1993 BCE

    SINGLE MARKET

    SINGLE MARKET
    The Single Market project was completed.
  • 1992 BCE

    MAASTRICHT TREATY

    MAASTRICHT TREATY
    European heads of state sign the Maastricht Treaty. The EU was created and gets new powers. The treaty envisaged an economic union and the future creation of a common European currency.
  • 1991 BCE

    USSR COLLAPSES

    USSR COLLAPSES
    In the East of Europe, the USSR can’t longer contain revolts and collapses, opening up new horizons for the Community.
  • 1990 BCE

    GERMAN WAS REUNIFIED

    GERMAN WAS REUNIFIED
    After the fall of the Berlin Wall, Germany was reunified.
  • 1986 BCE

    SPAIN AND PORTUGAL

    SPAIN AND PORTUGAL
    Spain and Portugal joins the Community.
  • 1986 BCE

    SINGLE EUROPEAN ACT AND SINGLE MARKET

    SINGLE EUROPEAN ACT AND SINGLE MARKET
    12 member states and the European Commission give a boost to the internal market by signing the Single European Act.
    In addition to eliminating customs fees, the goal is to remove all obstacles to the free movement of people, goods, capital and services. It was the Single Market.
  • 1984 BCE

    UK UNDER MARGARET THATCHER

    UK UNDER MARGARET THATCHER
    The UK under Margaret Thatcher says it doesn’t benefit enough from the CAP, which then represented 80% of EU spending. The country negotiates to obtain a reduction in its contribution to the Community’s budget.
  • 1982 BCE

    GREENLAND

    GREENLAND
    Greenland leave the Community.
  • 1981 BCE

    GREECE

    GREECE
    Greece joins the Community.
  • 1979 BCE

    MEMBERS OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

    MEMBERS OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT
    The members of the Europan Parliament are elected by unisversal suffrage for the first time.
  • 1976 BCE

    SPAIN, PORTUGAL AND GREECE

    SPAIN, PORTUGAL AND GREECE
    Spain, Portugal and Greece ask to join to the Communities.
  • 1974 BCE

    EUROPEAN COUNCIL

    EUROPEAN COUNCIL
    In Paris, the heads of states and the governments come to an agreement to create the European Council.
  • 1973 BCE

    UK, IRELAND AND DENMARK

    UK, IRELAND AND DENMARK
    The UK, Ireland and Denmark join the Community.
  • 1967 BCE

    UK

    UK
    The UK renews it’s request for membership which France opposes a second time.
  • 1965 BCE

    THE MERGER TREATY

    THE MERGER TREATY
    The Merger Treaty cause the merger of the three Communities into a new single Commission. The Commission is divided into the Council, the Parliament and a Court of Justice.
  • 1963 BCE

    THE ECONOMY GROWTH

    THE ECONOMY GROWTH
    The Economy become to growth.
  • 1962 BCE

    UK, IRELAND, DENMARK AND NORWAY

    UK, IRELAND, DENMARK AND NORWAY
    The UK, Ireland, Denmark and Norway ask to join to the Communities, but France under the leadership of Charles vetoes the accesión request.
  • 1962 BCE

    CAP

    CAP
    The CAP enter into force.
  • 1958 BCE

    TREATIES OF ROME

    TREATIES OF ROME
    The treaties of Rome enter into force.
  • 1957 BCE

    TREATIES OF ROME

    TREATIES OF ROME
    In Rome the 25th March, six countries to sign two new treaties: 1=Create the European Economic Community (EEC) and 2= European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) cording civilian nuclear research programs.
  • 1957 BCE

    EEC and EURATOM

    EEC and EURATOM
    The EEC to establish a common market, inclouding allowing the free movement of workers and eliminating tariffs between member states and create the Community Agriculture Policy (CAP). The EURATOM to cording civilian nuclear research programs.
  • 1952 BCE

    GERMAN WAS DIVIDED

    GERMAN WAS DIVIDED
    Germany was divided by the Iron Curtain, and only West Germany becomes part of the Federal German Republic.
  • 1951 BCE

    EUROPEAN COAL AND STEEL

    EUROPEAN COAL AND STEEL
    Six countries in Paris sign a treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community. (ECSC) The countries are Italy, Luxembourg, Belgium, Netherlands, France and Germany FGR.
  • 1951 BCE

    TREATY OF BENELUX

    TREATY OF BENELUX
    Italy, Luxembourg, Belgium, Netherlands formed other treaty, the Treaty of BENELUX.
  • 1950 BCE

    FRANCO-GERMAN RECONCILIATION

    FRANCO-GERMAN RECONCILIATION
    The 9th of May, France via its Forgeign Minister Robert Schuman propose a Franco-German reconciliation. (France and Germany) (Federal German Republic)
  • 1950 BCE

    PRODUCTION OF COAL AND STEEL

    PRODUCTION OF COAL AND STEEL
    The production of Coal and Steel was the main wealth of industrialised countries.
  • 1948 BCE

    THE MARSHALL PLAN

    THE MARSHALL PLAN
    The Marshall Plan: West Europe founded a continent.
  • 1947 BCE

    THE COLD WAR

    THE COLD WAR
    The begging of the Cold War, caused by the growing rivalry marks of United States and the USSR.
  • 1946 BCE

    USA vs USSR

    USA vs USSR
    United States and the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics are the two major world powers. (USA vs USSR)
  • 1945 BCE

    THE END OF THE SECOND WAR WORLD (WWII)

    THE END OF THE SECOND WAR  WORLD (WWII)
    The Second World War ends the 2nd of September.
  • 1945 BCE

    UN

    UN
    The 24th of October, the United Nations Organization was created to keep peace. (UN)