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Mussolini and Italy

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  • Formation of an Independent Italy

    Formation of an Independent Italy
    Though Italy gained independence from Austria, it remained a divided nation. The image displays the various areas at the time
  • Papal States Taken Over by New Nation of Italy0

    Papal States Taken Over by New Nation of Italy0
    Though Italy itself was divided, the Papal States (represented in the imagine below) were incorporated into the Italian kingdom, creating tension between Italy and the catholic church
  • Failure of First Italo-Ethiopian War with the Battle of Adowa (Adwa)

    Failure of First Italo-Ethiopian War with the Battle of Adowa (Adwa)
    Italy invaded Ethiopia and was defeated, as a result, the Treaty of Wichale did not go through and Ethiopia was granted sovereignty and independence.
  • Italy invades and takes over Libya

    Italy invades and takes over Libya
    Italy invaded with the intentions of expanding their empire as well as limiting France’s influence on North America. The photo displays the area taken over by Italy
  • Mussolini begins work as editor for the Socialist Party newspaper Avanti

    Mussolini begins work as editor for the Socialist Party newspaper Avanti
    Mussolini was appointed after being released from prison and wrote about his support for revolutionary violence against the liberal state. This image displays the newspaper Avanti!
  • Mussolini kicked out of Socialist Party for pro-nationalistic sentiments regarding WW I

    Mussolini kicked out of Socialist Party for pro-nationalistic sentiments regarding WW I
    Socialist party continued to urge Italy to remain neutral while Mussolini began to support the nations entry to war, resulting in him being expelled from the Socialist party. The image selected displays the change in his ideology.
  • Treaty of London

    Treaty of London
    A secret treaty signed between Italy and Allied Forces (France, Britain, Russia) Aimed to involve neutral Italy in war for borders with Austria (boarders displayed in image selected).
  • Beginning of Biennio Rosso

    Beginning of Biennio Rosso
    2 year period of high unemployment, resulted in strikes from workers while fascist violence against socialists was ignored. The selected image displays the violence at the time
  • D’Annunzio takes Fiume

    D’Annunzio takes Fiume
    Fiume was a city sought after by Italy but not gained through peace treaties, D’Annuzio’s force was able to take control over it for 15 months, inspiring Mussolini. The imagine shows the area of Fiume
  • Fascio di Combattimento formed in Milan

    Fascio di Combattimento formed in Milan
    A ‘combat’ group later known as the 'fascists of the first hour,' they aimed to bring together left/ right views and create a compromise between nationalists and socialist. The selected image includes individuals involved in this group
  • Mussolini and Giolitti

    Mussolini and Giolitti
    In May 1921, Mussolini formed an alliance with Giolitti to boost his status in the Italian government. This image is of Mussolini and Giolitti walking side by side, sending a message to Italy that they are working together to build a fascist system in the country.
  • Mussolini and the PNF (Fascist Party)

    Mussolini and the PNF (Fascist Party)
    In November 1921, after bonding with Giolitti, Mussolini formed the Partito Nazionale Fascista (National Fascist Party), which praised Italian nationalism and expansionism, and used his alliance with Giolitti to become a bigger part of the Italian parliament. The image is the PNF logo.
  • March on Rome

    March on Rome
    The March on Rome in October 1922 was a turning point for Victor Emmanuel III, who offered Mussolini the position of Prime Minister shortly after. The photo was taken during the original march in 1922.
  • Acerbo Law

    Acerbo Law
    The Acerbo Law, which states that the party with the most votes (minimum 25%) gained 2/3rds of the seats in parliament, was passed in November 1923. When the Fascists won the election, they were granted these seats. The photo is of Giacomo Acerbo, the Italian Baron that proposed the law.
  • Corfu, Greece

    Corfu, Greece
    The Corfu Incident was a diplomatic-military disagreement between Italy and Greece. Mussolini grew tired of Italian men dying in Greece over this disagreement, leading to him assaulting Greece through a naval bombardment from Italy. The image shows the island of Corfu today.
  • Aventine Secession

    Aventine Secession
    After Matteotti's death, many followers of Mussolini's Fascist Party resigned from their positions in the Italian Chamber of Deputies, forming their own Aventine group with the goal of persuading the King into getting Mussolini to resign. The photo shows some members of this secession.
  • Matteotti Crisis

    Matteotti Crisis
    After Giacomo Matteotti, an Italian socialist politician, spoke out against the way Mussolini was ruling Italy, he was found dead. Many assumed that Mussolini was responsible for his death, given the tension between the two. Mussolini turned to blaming the Squadrismo, secret police, to save himself from extreme backlash. The photo shows Giacomo prior to his death.
  • Battle for Grain

    Battle for Grain
    In June 1925, Mussolini proposed that farmers increase the amount of grain they grew. Unfortunately, this resulted in an excess amount of grain and a lack of other resources. This photo highlights the absurd amount of grain that was grown.
  • Locarno Treaty

    Locarno Treaty
    The Locarno Treaty was an agreement between Italy and Britain to protect the frontiers from armed aggression. However, Italy was not granted all of the land they were promised, annoying the government further. The photo is of Stanley Baldwin, who signed the treaty on behalf of Britain.
  • Rome-Berlin Axis treaty

    Rome-Berlin Axis treaty
    The picture shows Mussolini and Hitler sitting in a carriage. The Rome-Berlin Axis treaty was Germany and Italy joining together.
  • Battle for Births

    Battle for Births
    The picture shows a soldier fighting with the title battle babies. This refers to the 'battle for births' which was to encourage women to have more children. The population of Italy decreased after WWI and the birth rates had slow, so Mussolini was trying to increase the population.
  • Battle for Land and Lira

    Battle for Land and Lira
    In 1928, the Battle of Land took place with the goal of opening more land for farmers. Additionally, the Battle for the Lira aimed to change the value of their currency (Lira). Both of these battles were unsuccessful, leaving Italy with damaged wealth, high tariffs, and very little land. The photo is of the Italian Lira coin.
  • Kellog-Briand treaty signed

    Kellog-Briand treaty signed
    The picture is of someone signing a document because the treaty was signed by leaders of countries in an attempt to keep peace.
  • Lateran Treaty with Pope

    Lateran Treaty with Pope
    The picture shows two people shaking hands. This is because the two people are in agreement and after the Lateran Treaty, the Pope and Mussolini were in agreement and on the same side.
  • Abyssinian Crisis

    Abyssinian Crisis
    The picture shows the people of Ethiopia preparing to fight Italy. The Abyssinian Crisis was Italy wanting an apology from Ethiopia and eventually declared war.
  • Stresa Front

    Stresa Front
    The picture shows the states that participated in the conference which participated in the agreement to stop Hitler.
  • Italian involvement with Spanish Civil War

    Italian involvement with Spanish Civil War
    The picture shows a boot filled with soldiers stepping on Spain with fires starting. The picture shows how Italy intervened with force and caused more problems than trying to solve.
  • Munich Conference

    Munich Conference
    The picture shows leaders of countries who were at the Munich conference. This shows how the countries met in an attempt to solve problems diplomatically, when dealing with Czechoslovakia.
  • Italy invades Albania

    Italy invades Albania
    The picture shows a group of soldiers walking down the street. This depicts what happened when Italy invaded Albania, Mussolini sent 100,000 soldiers to take control.
  • Italy enters WWII on side of Germany

    Italy enters WWII on side of Germany
    The picture shows two people walking with each other. This is similar to Mussolini and Hitler, who were once seperate and then became allies. They were on the same page and communicating with each other.
  • Mussolini brought down by coup during WWII

    Mussolini brought down by coup during WWII
    The picture shows a cell because after Mussolini was brought down he was imprisoned.
  • Mussolini killed

    Mussolini killed
    The picture depicts how Mussolini died. After he and his mistress were shot, they were hung in Milan.