U.S. HISTORY II 1900 - 1920

  • WILLIAM MCKINLEY ELECTED PRESIDENT 2ND TERM

    WILLIAM MCKINLEY ELECTED PRESIDENT 2ND TERM
  • BOXER REBELLION

    BOXER REBELLION
    PRESIDENT MCKINLEY SENT MARINES TO SUPPORT THE SUPPRESSION OF AN UPRISING IN CHINA TO PROTECT TRADE.
  • Period: to

    DISENFRANCISEMENT CONTINUES IN THE SOUTH

    SINCE 1895, DISENFRACHISEMENT TOOLS WERE ADDED TO STATE CONSTITUTIONS TO INCLUDE GRANDFATHER CLAUSES, LITERACY TERMS, AND OTHERS TO EXCLUDE BLACK CITIZENS FROM VOTING.
  • THE GOLD STANDARD ACT

    THE GOLD STANDARD ACT
    PRESIDENT MCKINLEY SIGNED THIS ACT STATING THAT GOLD WOULD BE THE ONLY STANDARD FOR PAPER MONEY IN THE U.S. THIS HAD BEEN VEHEMENTLY OPPOSED BY WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN.
    (ca. 1900) We Stand for the Gold Standard. United States, ca. 1900. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/93504452/.
  • CARRIE A. NATION DESTROYS BARS IN WICHITA, KANSAS

    CARRIE A. NATION DESTROYS BARS IN WICHITA, KANSAS
    BELIEVING SHE WAS DOING GOD'S WORK, NATION DESTROYED SALOONS IN KANSAS, EVEN AFTER BEING ARRESTED AND JAILED.
    Bain News Service, P. Carrie Nation. , . [No Date Recorded on Caption Card] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2014685633/.
  • BOOKER T. WASHINGTON PUBLISHES "UP FROM SLAVERY"

    BOOKER T. WASHINGTON PUBLISHES "UP FROM SLAVERY"
    Bain News Service, P. Booker T. Washington. , . [No Date Recorded on Caption Card] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2014685040/.
  • FORMATION OF U.S. STEEL

    FORMATION OF U.S. STEEL
    J.P. MORGAN WAS A MEMBER OF THE GROUP KNOWN AS THE ROBBER BARONS. HE WAS A BANKER WHO OVERSAW THE MERGER OF CARNEGIE STEEL, FEDERAL STEEL COMPANY, AND THE NATIONAL STEEL COMPANY TO BECOME U.S. STEEL, THE 1ST GREAT U.S. MONOPOLY.
    Baca-Flor, C., Genthe, A., photographer. J.P. Morgan. Between 1911 and 1913. [Image] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2018704551/.
  • SOCIALIST PARTY OF AMERICA (SPA)

    SOCIALIST PARTY OF AMERICA (SPA)
    THE GROWING NUMBER OF SOCIALISTS IN AMERICA FORMED THE SPA TO KEEP THE U.S. UNDER A 3 PARTY SYSTEM. OVER 1000 SOCIALIST CANDIDATES WERE ELECTED TO POLITICAL OFFICE.
    Evans, G. D. (ca. 1904) Delegates to the First National Convention of the Socialist Party of the United States of America, held at Chicago, Illinois, May 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th. Illinois Chicago, ca. 1904. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2008680539/.
  • PRESIDENT MCKINELY ASSASSINATED

    PRESIDENT MCKINELY ASSASSINATED
    ANARCHIST LEON CZOLGOSZ ASSASSINATED PRESIDENT MCKINLEY. THEN VICE PRESIDENT THEODORE ROOSEVELT BECAME PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
    Walker, T. D. (ca. 1905) Assassination of President McKinley. New York Buffalo, ca. 1905. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/96521677/.
  • IMMIGRANT RESTRICTIONS ON THREATS TO REPUBLICAN DEMOCRACY

    IMMIGRANT RESTRICTIONS ON THREATS TO REPUBLICAN DEMOCRACY
    GROUPS SUCH AS ANARCHISTS AND SOCIALISTS JOINED THE NUMBER UNDER IMMIGRATION RESTRICTIONS TO THE U.S.
    Gillam, F. V. (ca. 1903) The immigrant. Is he an acquisition or a detriment? / Gillam ; Sackett & Wilhelms Litho. & Ptg. Co., New York. United States, ca. 1903. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/95507541/.
  • WOMEN'S TRADE UNION LEAGUE (WTUL)

    WOMEN'S TRADE UNION LEAGUE (WTUL)
    MIDDLE, UPPER, AND WORKING CLASS WOMEN JOINED TOGETHER TO FORM THE WTUL AND CAMPAIGNED FOR THE VOTE ALONG WITH THE NATIONAL AMERICAN SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION.
    (ca. 1908) National Women's Trade Union League Emblem. , ca. 1908. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2007681765/.
  • THEODORE ROOSEVELT ELECTED PRESIDENT

    THEODORE ROOSEVELT ELECTED PRESIDENT
    (ca. 1902) President Theodore Roosevelt 3/4 face. , ca. 1902. Feb. 11. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2005677947/.
  • THE ROOSEVELT COROLLARY

    THE ROOSEVELT COROLLARY
    PRESIDENT THEODORE ROOSEVELT ADDED A COROLLARY TO THE MONROE DOCTRINE STATING THE U.S. WOULD INTERVENE.
    Underwood & Underwood, P. (ca. 1902) "Remember, the Monroe Doctrine will be respected as long as we have a first-class Navy" - President Roosevelt, Proctor, Vt. Vermont Proctor, ca. 1902. New York, London, Toronto-Canada, Ottawa-Kansas: Underwood & Underwood, publishers, October 31. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2010647256/.
  • INDUSTRIAL WORKERS OF THE WORLD (IWW)

    INDUSTRIAL WORKERS OF THE WORLD (IWW)
    FORMED BY LABOR LEADERS INCLUDING WILLIAM D. HAYWOOD WELCOMING ALL WORKERS OF ANY RACE OR GENDER. PART OF THE SOCIALIST MOVEMENT.
    (1914) Industrial Workers of the World I.W.W. demonstration, New York City. New York, 1914. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/98502771/.
  • UPTON SINCLAIR PUBLISHES "THE JUNGLE"

    UPTON SINCLAIR PUBLISHES "THE JUNGLE"
    TELLS THE STORY OF A LITHUANIAN IMMIGRANT FAMILY IN CHICAGO. SPARKED THE MOVEMENT PRODUCING THE INSPECTION ACT AND PURE FOOD AND DRUG ACT OF 1906.
    Bain News Service, P. Upton Sinclair. , . [No Date Recorded on Caption Card] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2014686230/.
  • THE GREAT WHITE FLEET

    THE GREAT WHITE FLEET
    PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT OVERSAW THE CONTRUCTION OF 11 BATTLESHIPS BETWEEN 1904 AND 1907. THEY WOULD SAIL AROUND THE WORLD FROM 1907 TO 1909 DEMONSTRATING AMERICAN POWER.
    (ca. 1908) Fleet of War Vessels. , ca. 1908. Jan. 23. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2003688474/.
  • THE GENTLEMEN'S AGREEMENT

    THE GENTLEMEN'S AGREEMENT
    JAPANESE IMMIGRATION WAS ESSENTIALLY CEASED DUE TO AN AGREEMENT OF THE JAPANESE GOVERNMENT TO STOP ISSUING PASSPORTS TO WORKING CLASS EMIGRANTS.
    Nankivell, F. A. (1907) As to Japanese exclusion / Frank A. Nankivell. , 1907. N.Y.: J. Ottmann Lith. Co., Puck Bldg. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2011647184/.
  • WILLIAM H. TAFT ELECTED PRESIDENT

    WILLIAM H. TAFT ELECTED PRESIDENT
    (ca. 1911) President William H. Taft, half-length portrait, facing right. , ca. 1911. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/91732242/.
  • THE TWO BILLS SHOW

    THE TWO BILLS SHOW
    BUFFALO BILL CODY AND PAWNEE BILL COMBINED THEIR WILD WEST AND GREAT FAR EAST SHOWS INTO ONE LARGE TRAVELING PRODUCTION.
    5 prints "from the famous Rose collection of old time photographs," N.H. Rose, Photographer: Pawnee Bill & Buffalo Bill, full, seated. , . [No Date Recorded on Caption Card] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2007678296/.
  • Period: to

    ACTS TO STRENGTHEN THE U.S. MILITARY IN WORLD WAR I

    THE DAVIS ACT OF 1908
    THE NATIONAL DEFENSE ACT OF 1916
    THE SELECTIVE SERVICE ACT OF 1917
    THE ESPIONAGE ACT OF 1917
    THE SEDITION ACT OF 1918
  • WASHINGTON PLACE FIRE

    WASHINGTON PLACE FIRE
    BETTER KNOWN AS THE TRIANGLE SHIRTWAIST FACTORY FIRE, KILLED 146 AND INJURED NEARLY 80 MORE WHEN A FACTORY CAUGHT FIRE AND THE LABORERS HAD BEEN LOCKED IN TO PREVENT UNAUTHORIZED BREAKS. THE VICTIMS WERE MOSTLY WOMEN AND GIRLS.
    (1911) Bodies from Washington Place fire, Mar. New York, 1911. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/98502780/.
  • WOODROW WILSON ELECTED PRESIDENT 1ST TERM

    WOODROW WILSON ELECTED PRESIDENT 1ST TERM
    Genthe, A., photographer. (1916) Wilson, Woodrow, President, portrait photograph. , 1916. Aug. 7. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2018709637/.
  • SOCIALIST EUGENE V. DEBS RUNS FOR PRESIDENT

    SOCIALIST EUGENE V. DEBS RUNS FOR PRESIDENT
    DEBS RAN FOR PRESIDENT IN THE 1900, 1904, 1908, 1912, AND 19020 ELECTIONS. IN 1912, HE RECEIVED NEARLY 1,000,000 VOTES.
    (1897) Eugene V. Debs. , 1897. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2004671916/.
  • JANE ADDAMS 1ST WOMAN TO GIVE NOMINATION SPEECH

    JANE ADDAMS 1ST WOMAN TO GIVE NOMINATION SPEECH
    AFTER HAVING FOUNDED HULL HOUSE IN CHICAGO, SHE SECONDED THE NOMINATION OF THEODORE ROOSEVELT AS THE PROGRESSIVE PARTY'S CANDIDATE FOR PRESIDENT IN A SPEECH AT THE PARTY CONVENTION. SHE WENT ON TO WIN THE NOBEL PEACE PRIZE IN 1931 FOR HER WORK "NEWER IDEALS OF PEACE".
    (ca. 1914) Jane Addams. , ca. 1914. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2004671949/.
  • THE HETCH HETCHY DEBATE

    THE HETCH HETCHY DEBATE
    THE DECISION ON BUILDING A DAMN IN YOSEMITE NATIONAL PARK RAISED THE ISSUE OF CONSERVATION VERSUS PRESERVATION. THE PROJECT WAS APPROVED IN 1913. IT WOULD NOT BE COMPLETED FOR 20 YEARS.
    Underwood & Underwood, C. C. (ca. 1906) Theodore Roosevelt and John Muir on Glacier Point, Yosemite Valley, California, IN. California Yosemite Valley, ca. 1906. [Photo Taken 1903] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/93503130/.
  • CLAYTON ANTI-TRUST ACT

    CONGRESS' MOVE TO CORRECT ERRORS IN PREVIOUS TRUST LEGISLATION
  • PRESIDENT WILSON SENDS TROOPS TO VERA CRUZ

    PRESIDENT WILSON SENDS TROOPS TO VERA CRUZ
    AFTER THE HUERTA GOVERNMENT REFUSED TO MAKE REPARATIONS FOR THE ARREST OF U.S. SAILORS AT TAMPICO, PRESIDENT WILSON SENT TROOPS TO TAKE THE PORT OF VERA CRUZ.
    (1914) U.S. Navy in action at Vera Cruz, Mexico,: riflemen and machinegunners guarding street. , 1914. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2006685912/.
  • SUPREME COURT ABOLISHES GRANDFATHER CLAUSES

    DISCRIMINATORY PRACTICES IN VOTING WOULD CONTINUE UNTIL THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT OF 1965
  • BIRTH OF A NATION

    BIRTH OF A NATION
    DAVID W. GRIFFITH PRODUCED A FILM BASED ON THOMAS F. DIXON'S NOVEL DEPICTING THE KU KLUX KLAN IN A POSITIVE LIGHT.
    (1915) Elliot & Sherman Film Corp... present D.W. Griffith's 8th wonder of the world The Birth of a Nation. , 1915. Milwaukee: Riverside Printing Co. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/90709023/.
  • GERMANY SINKS THE R.M.S. LUSITANIA

    GERMANY SINKS THE R.M.S. LUSITANIA
    GERMANY SANK THE BRITISH PASSENGER SHIP, KILLING AMERICANS AND SPARKING THE U.S. ON A COURSE OF ENTRY INTO THE 1ST WORLD WAR.
  • WOODROW WILSON ELECTED PRESIDENT 2ND TERM

    WOODROW WILSON ELECTED PRESIDENT 2ND TERM
    (1916) President Woodrow Wilson speaking to a crowd from the back of a train, January. Waukegan Illinois, 1916. Jan. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2002719584/.
  • BATTLE OF COLUMBUS

    BATTLE OF COLUMBUS
    MEXICAN FORCES UNDER PANCHO VILLA CONDUCTED A RAID ON COLUMBUS, NEW MEXICO KILLING AMERICANS. THIS PROMPTED THE PRESIDENT TO SEND GENERAL JACK PERSHING INTO MEXICO TO CAPTURE VILLA. AFTER A YEAR, PERSHING LEFT MEXICO WITHOUT FINDING VILLA DUE TO THE LOOMING WAR IN EUROPE.
    Pancho Villa. , None. [Between 1908 and 1919] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2016821141/.
  • THE ZIMMERMANN TELEGRAM

    THE ZIMMERMANN TELEGRAM
    GERMAN FOREIGN SECRETARY ARTHUR ZIMMERMANN OFFERED THEIR ASSISTANCE TO MEXICO IN TAKING BACK LANDS LOST TO THE U.S. SUCH AS TEXAS AND NEW MEXICO. MEXICO DECLINED BUT THIS FURTHER PROPELLED THE U.S. INTO THE WORLD CONFLICT.
    Bain News Service, P. (ca. 1915) Alf. i.e. Arthur Zimmerman. , ca. 1915. [Between and Ca. 1920] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2014703292/.
  • NATIONAL WOMAN'S PARTY PICKETS WHITE HOUSE

    NATIONAL WOMAN'S PARTY PICKETS WHITE HOUSE
    PARTY MEMBERS BEGAN PICKETING THE WHITE HOUSE IN JANUARY LEADING TO THE ARREST AND IMPRISONMENT OF OVER 150 WOMEN. IT WOULD BE A YEAR LATER BEFORE PRESIDENT WILSON DECLARED HIS SUPPORT.
    (1917) New York Pickets at the White House. United States Washington D.C, 1917. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/mnwp000292/.
  • U.S. DECLARES WAR ON GERMANY

    U.S. DECLARES WAR ON GERMANY
    AFTER THE SINKING OF THE RMS LUSITANIA KILLING AMERICAN CITIZENS, AND THE ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE OF THE ZIMMERMAN TELEGRAM, THE U.S. DECLARED WAR ON GERMANY.
    (ca. 1918) For the Freedom of the World. Washington D.C, ca. 1918. [1917, December 21] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2002716887/.
  • Period: to

    SPANISH FLU

    REPORTEDLY BEGINNING IN THE U.S. WITH MILITARY PERSONNEL AT THE END OF WORLD WAR I, IT WENT ON TO SPREAD KILLING ALMOST 700,000 AMERICANS.
  • WOMEN JOIN THE MARINE CORPS

    WOMEN JOIN THE MARINE CORPS
    NEARLY 300 WOMEN JOINED THE MARINE CORPS IN 1918.
    Christy, H. C. (1915) If you want to fight! Join the Marines / Howard Chandler Christy. United States, 1915. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/95500952/.
  • WORLD WAR I CEASE FIRE

    WORLD WAR I CEASE FIRE
    ARMISTICE SIGNED IN COMPIEGNE, FRANCE.
    Meyerowitz, W. (1918) Armistice day,/ Wm. Meyerowitz. New York, 1918. [Place not identified: Publisher not identified, ?] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2016645730/.
  • THE RED SUMMER OF 1919

    THE RED SUMMER OF 1919
    RACE RIOTS PROMOTED WIDESPREAD VIOLENCE STEMMING FROM TENSIONS CREATED BY THE GREAT MIGRATION. RIOTS OCCURED FROM APRIL UNTIL OCTOBER WITH THE MOST NOTEABLE BEING THE CHICAGO RIOT.
    (1919) Daniel Hoskins with guns deposited at Gregg County Courthouse, Longview, Texas, following race riot during Red Summer. Longview Texas, 1919. [13 July] [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2015647968/.
  • RATIFICATION OF THE 19TH AMENDMENT

    RATIFICATION OF THE 19TH AMENDMENT
    19TH AMENDMENT TO THE CONSTITUTION GIVES WOMEN THE VOTE.
    Harris & Ewing, W. (1919) Conferring over ratification of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution at National Woman's Party headquarters, Jackson Place Washington, D.C.. L-R Mrs. Lawrence Lewis, Mrs. Abby Scott Baker, Anita Pollitzer, Alice Paul, Florence Boeckel, Mabel Vernon standing, right. United States Washington D.C, 1919. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/mnwp000262/.