Cuban Independence

  • ten years war. war in 1868 began before the Cuban war for independence. This war was known as the ten year war.
  • Down hill.

    10 October 1868 started the economic crisis. Taxation was applied, and made the economy go downhill.
  • the treaty.

    On February 11 1878 both sides signed the Treaty of Zanjón at a meeting in Zanjón, Camagüey.
  • ten year war ends.

    in 1878 the ten year war was over.
  • applied.

    The spanish constitution was applied in 1881.
  • defeat.

    During the war Cuban's had trouble defeating the rebels. By the end of the 1880's the rebels were completely defeated.
  • Captured.

    On December 25, 1894 three ships the Lagonda, the Almadis and the Baracoa, set sail for Cuba from Fernandina Beach, Florida, loaded with soldiers and weapons. Two of the ships were captured by US authorities in early January, but the proceedings went ahead. Not to be dissuaded,
  • leaders

    Maximo Gomez, ,Calixto Garcia, and Jose Marti. Gomez became military leaders.
  • The start.

    On 13 September 1895 an Assembly formed of delegates from the five army corps which started the Revolutionary Army,
  • Start of something new

    In 1895 Cuba declared they wanted to be free. This was cuba's third time they tried to declare there independence.
  • Period: to

    start - end

  • Resigned.

    The war was not going well for Spain, and General Martínez Campos was forced to resign in shame during the early days of January 1896.
  • loss.

    On December 3 1896, Maceo decided that the best way to get around the new, fortified trocha was by water at the port of Mariel. Carlos Soto, a local soldier, was selected to act as a guide, and Maceo handpicked seventeen men to go with him to the East. Maceo was shot later that day.
  • Dramatic moments.

    The war for Cuban independence featured some of the most moving and dramatic moments in Cuban history; the death of Martí at Dos Rios, the western invasion and the military campaigns of Gómez and Maceo (the fox and the lion), the death of Maceo in December 1896.
  • Help.

    In 1898, the United States helped in war to protect its citizens and businesses in Cuban territory. This war was known as the Spanish-American War
  • Essential factor.

    Garcia (1839-1898), one of the best known Cuban insurgents, was an essential factor in the U.S. military's success in Cuba. he provided key evidence to the United States army.
  • William Mckinley.

    In 1898, American president William McKinley sent the United States battleship Maine to Cuba to protect American citizens.
  • increase of men.

    By December, 98,412 regular troops had been sent to the island, The number of volunteer men increased by 63,000.
  • Coming back.

    By the end of March, Antonio Maceo went back to Cuba, ready to resume his position in Cuba's struggle for independence. On April 11 he was joined by Máximo Gómez, the military leader, and José Martí
  • Amendment passed.

    Amendment passed.
    The Platt Amendment was passed by the American Congress in 1901 and added to the Cuban constitution. It gave American's the right to hold a naval base there.
  • independenc day.

    The Republic of Cuba Declared independence from Spain on May 20 1902 and went on to ratify a new Cuban Constitution.