Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, working for Spain, began exploration of the Philippines in hopes of expanding Spanish territory as well as Catholicism.
Apr 27, 1521
Defense of Mactan
Lapu-Lapu, datu of the island of Mactan, and his warriors successfully defeated Magellan and his forces, killing Magellan in the process.
Feb 2, 1543
Philippines Officially Named
Spain claimed the islands as their territory and named them the Philippines after King Phillip II.
Period: Feb 2, 1543 to
The era of Spanish rule over the Philippines
Manila fell under British rule during the Seven Years War.
The Treaty of Paris implictly returned Manila to Spanish rule.
La Liga Filipina Formed
Jose Rizal formed La Liga Filipina, a peaceful organization that sought reform and defense against violence and injustice.
The Katipunan Formed
After Jose Rizal was arrested and exiled to Dapitan, Andres Bonifacio formed the Katipunan, a secret society that sought to revolt against Spanish rule.
After being discovered by the Spanish government, the Katipunan declared revolution against Spain.
Emilio Aguinaldo declared Philippine Independence from Spain.
The 1898 Treaty of Paris ceded the Philippines to the United States by Spain.
Hostilities between Filipino and American forces broke out, shifting the Philippines' war against Spain to a war against the US without having any recognition of independence.
Insular government of the Philippines established
A civil administration established under the United Statues Bureau of Insular Affairs. Led by Governor-General William Howard Taft, this was one of the first steps the United States took towards giving Philippine independence.
The US declared the war against the Philippines to be over, even though some fighting still continued thereafter.
Created the first fully elected Philippine legislature
Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines
The 1935 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines was approved by a convention with a vote of 177 to 1.
Manuel Quezon Elected President
Manuel L Quezon was elected as president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
Commonwealth of the Philippines Established
Commonwealth of the Philippines
Under the newly established position of High Commissioner and the Tydings-McDuffie Act, Frank Murphy helped in the transition to independence in the establishment of the Commonwealth.
The forcible transfer of Filipino and American troops by the Japanese after the three month Battle of Bataan.
The formal surrender of the Japanese in WWII
Third Republic of the Philippines
From obtaining Philippine independence after WWII to the establishment of Martial Law under President Marcos
Ferdinand Marcos Elected
Ferdinand Marcos elected as President of the Philippines, defeating Diosdado Macapagal.
Martial Law Established
Under President Marcos, martial law was established under Proclamation No. 1081.
Martial Law and the Fourth Republic
The era under martial law to the election of Corazon Aquino as President
Martial Law Lifted
Assassination of Benigno S. Aquino, Jr.
Benigno S. "Ninoy" Aquino was assassinated at the Manila International Airport after returning from self-imposed exile.
Election of Corazon Aquino
Following the assassination of her husband and the People Power Revolution, Corazon Aquino was elected president after the snap elections of 1986.
Peace Agreement with MNLF
*Date not found. But in Oct 1996
A peace agreement was signed under the term of President Fidel V. Ramos with the Moro National Liberation Front, an Islamic grouping fighting for a separate Muslim homeland in Mindanao.
President Estrada Removed from Office
President Joseph Estrada (term:1998-2001) was removed from office following accusations of accepting money from illegal gambling businesses.
Benigno Aquino III Elected
Son of Benigno S. Aquino, Jr. and former Preseident Corazon Aquino, Benigno "Noynoy" Aquino III was elected President of the Philippines.