Chapter 14 "Forging the National Economy" Timeline 1790-1860

  • Population

    New York and Philadelphia were the only cities exceeding 20,000 people.
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  • First Textile Factory

    First Textile Factory
    The first textile factory built by Samuel Slater
  • First Cotton Thread Spinner

    First Cotton Thread Spinner
    First cotton thread spinner in the US, located in Pawtucket, Rhode Island
  • Young Labor

    Young Labor
    Samuel Slater's mill consisted of only 9 workers in 1791, each under the age of 12.
  • First Cotton Gin

    First Cotton Gin
    Eli Whitney invented the first cotton gin
  • Lancaster Turnpike

    Lancaster Turnpike
    Highway that extended 62 miles west from Philadelphia to Lancaster. This highway helped expand the American economy west.
  • Interchangeable Parts

    Interchangeable Parts
    Eli Whitney developed interchangeable parts for muskets, making them easier to produce and repair.
  • Factories

    Starting with the invention of the cotton gin, factories began to flourish in the North.
  • Patents

    By 1800, only 306 patents were registered with the patent office.
  • The Pennsylvania Dutch

    The Pennsylvania Dutch
    Germans settled into the communities and attempted to keep their traditions.
  • Fulton's Steam Boat

    Fulton's Steam Boat
    Robert Fulton invented the first steam boat, the Clermont
  • Cumberland Road Started

    Cumberland Road Started
    The Cumberland Road, also called the national road, was first started in 1811, but due to the War of 1812 was interupted. The road was finally completed in 1837 in Vandalia, Illinois.
  • Limited Liability

    Limited Liability
    The principle of limited liability allowed the individual investor, in cases of legal claims or bankruptcy, to risk no more than their own share of stock.
  • Tariff of 1816

    Tariff of 1816
    Tariff passed by congress in order to help protect American factories from the massive amounts of cheap British goods flooding the market.
  • Erie Canal Construction Begins

    Erie Canal Construction Begins
    Erie canal construction begins to link the Great Lakes to the Hudson River.
  • The Steamship, Savannah

    The Steamship, Savannah
    The steamship, Savannah, crossed the Atlantic ocean.
  • Fur Trapping

    Fur Trapping
    American fur trappers were setting their traplines all over the vast Rocky Mountain region.The fur-trapping empire was
    based on the “rendezvous’’ system.
  • Boston's Sewer System

    Boston's Sewer System
    Boston pioneered a new sewer system.
  • Sewer System

    Sewer System
    Boston pioneered a new sewer system in 1823.
  • Erie Canal Construction Completed

    Erie Canal Construction Completed
    Erie Canal construction completed (363 miles long)
  • First Railroad

    First Railroad
    The first railroad was created. It was one of the most significant contributions to early American economy.
  • Ecological Imperialism

    Ecological Imperialism
    The idea of ecological imperialism caused the near-extinction of Buffalo, Beaver, and Sea Otter.
  • National Mystique

    National Mystique
    A time when people were inspired by literature and paintings, eventually kindling a powerful conservation movement.
  • The Mechanical Reaper

    The Mechanical Reaper
    Cyrus McCormick built a mechanical reaper that greatly increased production. This impacted mainly inthe west.
  • Canal vs Railroad

    Canal vs Railroad
    New York, heavily invested in the canal system, prohibited trains from carrying freight. They did this so they would not suffer from the trains success.
  • Death of John Marshall

    Death of John Marshall
    John Marshall died, bringing more economic oppurtunities to America. This was due to his strict lawmaking.
  • Ancient order of Hibernians

    Ancient order of Hibernians
    The Ancient Order of Hibernians was a group founded in Ireland to help fight landlords. It was used in America to help others that had been downtrodden.
  • Cumberland Road Finished

    Cumberland Road Finished
    The Cumberland Road, also called the national road, was first started in 1811, but due to the War of 1812 was interupted. The road was finally completed in 1837 in Vandalia, Illinois.
  • John Deere's Plow

    John Deere's Plow
    A lightweight steel plow pulled by a horse. This new plow greatly increased the efficiency of farming.
  • Demographic Center

    Demographic Center
    By 1840, the demographic center of population of the United States moved past the Allagheny Mountains. By 1860 the center moved past the Ohio River.
  • 10 Hour Federal Jobs

    10 Hour Federal Jobs
    President Van Buren established 10 hour work days for federal employees.
  • An Increase of Roman Catholics

    An Increase of Roman Catholics
    In the mid 1800s Roman Catholics began to enter into America. By 1840 they had become the fifth largest religion in the U.S.
  • Labor Unions

    Labor Unions
    The Massachussets Supreme Court ruled that labor unions are not illegal as long as they are peaceful.
  • Pipe-in Water System

    Pipe-in Water System
    New York in 1842 abandoned wells and cisterns for a pipe-in water system.
  • Emerson

    Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote "Europe stretches to the Alleghenies; America lies beyond."
  • Morse's Telegraph

    Morse's Telegraph
    Samuel Morse invented the telegraph, linking Americans across the country.
  • Nativists and Irish Catholics

    Nativists and Irish Catholics
    A fight between the Nativists and the Irish Catholic in Philadelphia. It lasted several days while two Catholic churches were burned and 13 people were killed.
  • Potato Famine

    Potato Famine
    Potato famine hits Ireland, causing many people to move to America. America eventually had more Irish people than Ireland.
  • The Sewing Machine

    The Sewing Machine
    Elias Howe invented the first sewing machine. This greatly increased industrialization in the North.
  • John Jacob's Death

    John Jacob's Death
    John Jacob, a fur trader and real estate speculator, died leaving behind a $30 million estate.
  • "Know Nothing" Party Formed

    "Know Nothing" Party Formed
    The "Know Nothing" party was formed. It promised to purify American politics by limiting or ending the influence of Irish Catholics and other immigrants, thus reflecting nativism and anti-Catholic sentiment.
  • Roman Catholics

    Roman Catholics
    By 1850, an estimated 1.8 million members of the Catholic Church had moved into America. They quickly became the largest religion in America.
  • Immigration Into America

    Immigration Into America
    By 1850, approximately 1.5 million Irish and Germans had migrated to America.
  • Clipper Ships

    Clipper Ships
    Navan yards began to produce a new sleek boat called a Clipper ship. These boats were long, narrow, and rather fast.
  • Tammany Hall

    Tammany Hall
    A corrupt political machine that became powerful due to the Irish vote. The Irish were then rewarded by patronage.
  • Division of Labor

    Division of Labor
    The principle of divided labor emerged with each region specializing in its own economic activity.
  • Molly Maguires

    Molly Maguires
    An Irish Miners' union which affected the Pennsylvania coal districts.
  • Transatlantic Cable

    Transatlantic Cable
    A transatlantic cable that greatly changed world communication. Created Cyrus Fields.
  • Pony Express Established

    Pony Express Established
    The Pony Express was established. The Pony Express was a mail service delivering messages, newspapers, mail, and small packages across America on horseback through a series of relay stations.
  • Population Increased

    Population Increased
    By 1860, 43 cities now boasted a population of over 20,000 people.
  • Increase in Steamboats

    Increase in Steamboats
    By 1860, over 1,000 steamboats were on the Mississippi river.
  • Increase in Patents

    Increase in Patents
    By 1860, about 20,000 patents had been registered.