Cambodian-Genocide Social 20-1

By sicc
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  • The creation of the "Khmer Rouge"

    The creation of the "Khmer Rouge"
    In 1962, Pol pot became the leader of the cambodian Communist Party, in the jungle Pol Pot formed an armed resistance movement which was known as the Khmer Rouge. (red Cambodians).
  • The first Strike at Cambodia

    The first Strike at Cambodia
    1969 – 1975: The U.S. bombed North Vietnamese shelters occasionally in eastern Cambodia, taking the lives of about 150 000 Cambodian civilians. Thousands of peasants settled in Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia, from the country side in order to avoid getting a bomb dropped on them.
    All of these events resulted in economic and military decline in Cambodia and a surge of popular support for Pol Pot.
  • The United States

    The United States
    1970: The U.S. successfully overthrew Prince Sihanouk, which was the factor pushing Sihanouk to join Pol Pot as an opposition in Cambodia’s new military government. The U.S. also drove the Northern Vietnamese deeper into Cambodia from their military camps on the border, resulting in the allying of the North Vietnamese with the Khmer Rouge.
  • The outcome of the Withdrawal of the United States

    The outcome of the Withdrawal of the United States
    In the years 1975-1978, a revolution took place in Cambodia. After the Withdrawal of troops by the U.S. from Vietnam, Cambodians gov. was corrupted. At this point, Cambodia had lost all its military support.
  • Pol Pot's Advantage

    Pol Pot's Advantage
    On april 16-september 17th 1975: After the Americans attack Cambodia, Lon nol lost all his support. This brang pol pot and his followers to power after entering Phnom Penh Cambodia and defeating the left Lon Nol Army. The taking of Phnom Penh, marked the beginning of this cambodian genocide.
  • The rise of Pol Pot

    The rise of Pol Pot
    1975: Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge took advantage of this and rose to power by taking control of Phnom Penh and on April 17. They took over Cambodia. The Cham Muslims, Chinese, and the Vietnamese, who were the three largest minorities, were attacked, as well as twenty other smaller ethnic groups. 50% of about 425 000 Chinese civilians living in Cambodia died in 1975.
  • The destruction of Khmer Rouge

    The destruction of Khmer Rouge
    In the year 1977, children from the age of eight were separated from their families and were placed into labour camps. Working for Khmer Rouge, growing up they were made to believe that their only family was the Khmer Rouge. In the same year, there were no left over functioning monasteries left in camboia, as religion was banned as well as many other things.
  • Viets take control

    Viets take control
    January 1979: After the Vietnamese took control, the genocide ends which death totalled over 2.7 million cambodians died, in duration of the Cambodian Genocide. Phom Penh fell, and pol pot was removed. The Vietnamese "installed" a puppet gov. which contained Khmer Rouge Defectors.
  • Peace

    January 1 1991: Cambodian Factions sign a peace agreement which involves an end to the conflicts between the Khmer Rouge and the Monarchy.
  • Khmer Rouge Trial: "I want to know why"

    Khmer Rouge Trial: "I want to know why"
    BBC News Article
    Articles on Cambodians who lived through the heinous events recall their experiences and reflect on the tribunal process.


    HOW DID ULTRANATIONALISM CONTRIBUTE TO THIS EVENT? WHAT WERE THE RESULTS OF THIS ACT OF GENOCIDE? WHY IS EVENT SIGNIFICANT? After the Khmer Rouge took over Cambodia, they immediately ordered all towns and cities to be emptied of people. People hwo refused to leave were killed, as well as those who did not leave fast enough, or wouldnt obey orders. Ultranationalism is pretty much nationalism taken to the extreme.

    For example; Hitler, How germans were the best so he wanted to irradicate all the other races. Ultranationalism in contribution to this event, were in terms of taking total control. Such as how the Khmer Rouge, abolished money and all aspects of life that were subject to regulation. For example, people were not even allowed to choose their own marriage partners, or even clothes to wear.

    Everyone had to be obedient to the state. Religion was banned, and all of those from Chinese, Vietnamese, and even Thai ancestry were not safe from attack. Ties to religion, family had to be broken, and all other loyalties were transferred to the state. A concentration camp was created known as S21 by the Khmer Rouge. This place was used for interrogation, torture and death. Of an estimated 2000, only 7 people were believed to have survived. Many died from starvation, disease and exhaustion.