Antoni-Ann Crooks' Russian Revolution Timeline

  • Period: Sep 2, 1552 to Oct 13, 1552

    Siege of Kazan

    It was the final battle of Russo-Kazan Wars. It led to the fall of Khanate of Kazan.
  • Progressive Bloc

    Progressive Bloc
    Coalition of moderate conservatives and liberals in the fourth Russian Duma that tried to pressure the imperial government into adopting a series of reforms aimed at inspiring public confidence in the government and at improving the management of Russia’s effort in World War I
  • Period: to

    February Revolution

    The immediate cause of the February Revolution was Russia’s disastrous involvement in World War I
  • Mass Peasant Unrest

    Mass Peasant Unrest
    Tsar Nicholas II sent a telegram to Petrograd’s military commander ordering him to bring an end to the riots by the next day. The regiment fell into chaos, as many soldiers felt more empathy for the crowds than for the tsar, so the next day, more than 80,000 troops mutinied and joined with the crowds, in many cases directly fighting the police.
  • Petrograd

    The Petrograd Soviet was in essence a metropolitan labor union made up of about 3000 soldiers and factory workers. Dominated by Mensheviks, the group was chaotic in structure and favored far more radical changes than did the provisional government.
  • Duma dissolved

    Duma dissolved
    Duma met in secret and soon came to the conclusion that the unrest in Russia was unlikely to be brought under control as long as Nicholas II remained in power.
  • Czar Nicholas II abdicates

    Czar Nicholas II abdicates
    Both the Duma and military leaders placed heavy pressure on the tsar to resign.
  • Order no.1 issued

    Order no.1 issued
    It instructed Russian soldiers and sailors to obey only those orders that did not conflict with the directives of the Soviet.
  • Allied forces & the Whites

    Allied forces & the Whites
    Allied forces began intruding the Russian Revolution on the side of the Whites in the Spring of 1917
  • Lenin returns to Rusia

    Lenin returns to Rusia
    Lenin expressed hostility, denouncing both the provisional government and the Petrograd Soviet that had helped to bring about the change of power
  • 1st Gov't Coalition

    1st Gov't Coalition
    The first government was composed entirely of liberal ministers, with the exception of the Socialist Revolutionary Aleksandr F. Kerensky. None of them, however, was able to cope adequately with the major problems afflicting the country: peasant land seizures, nationalist independence movements in non-Russian areas, and the collapse of army morale at the front.
  • PM Kerensky

    PM Kerensky
    Kerensky was appointed Prime Minister because of his strong reputation of the working class
  • 3rd Gov't Coalition

    3rd Gov't Coalition
    Bolshevik was now the majority, Petrograd Soviet elects Bolshevik Presidium and Trotsky as chairman.
  • Bolshevik Revolution

    Bolshevik Revolution
    Leftist revolutionaries led by Bolshevik Party leader Vladimir Lenin launched a nearly bloodless coup d’état against the provisional government. The Bolsheviks and their allies occupied government buildings and other strategic locations in Petrograd, and soon formed a new government with Lenin as its head.
  • Lenin the Chairman

    Lenin the Chairman
    A new provisional gov't was formed to replace the old one called the Soviet of the People’s Commissars (SPC). All of it's members were Bolsheviks.
  • Churches and state are legally seperated

    Churches and state are legally seperated
    Lenin made the important Decree that the Church and the State be seperated
  • White army

    White army
    Groups who opposed the Bolshevik government eventually became known as the whites
  • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

    Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
    By the terms of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, Russia recognized the independence of Ukraine, Georgia and Finland; gave up Poland and the Baltic states of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia to Germany and Austria-Hungary; and ceded Kars, Ardahan and Batum to Turkey.
  • Lenin Issues his April Thesis

    Lenin Issues his April Thesis
    The document that put forward by Lenin indicated the policy to be present by the Bolshevik party; together with a more detailed statement, both theses were the main material for the April Conference of the Bolsheviks and guided their tactics up to the Nov. Revolution
  • Czar Nicholas and family executed

    Czar Nicholas and family executed
    Nicholas, Alexandra, five children and four servants were ordered to get dressed for a photo to prove that they hadn't escaped but instead they all got gunned down, whoever wasn't dead at the clearing of the smoke was stabbed to death
  • Lenin's attempted assassination

    Lenin's attempted assassination
    Vladimir Lenin was shot twice by Fanya Kaplan, a member of the Social Revolutionary party. The assassination attempt set off a wave of reprisals by the Bolsheviks against the Social Revolutionaries and other political opponents.
  • Battle of Sviyazhsk

    Battle of Sviyazhsk
    The battle of Sviyazhsk took place on the eastern front, it led to the Red Army's victory over the People's Army of Komuch
  • Whites Permanently Shut Down

    Whites Permanently Shut Down
    When the Polish-Soviet War ended, more soldiers of the Red Army could reinforce their comrads in Crimea which permanently put an end to the Whites
  • New Economic Plan

    New Economic Plan
    It was the economic policy of the government of the Soviet Union from 1921 to 1928, representing a temporary retreat from its previous policy of extreme centralization and doctrinaire socialism.
  • Death of Lenin the great

    Death of Lenin the great
    In 1923 Lenin died and Stalin took over the Communist Party, which continued to rule Russia until 1991 when the USSR was dissolved.
  • Republic of Russia

    Republic of Russia
    Russia became an independent country after the dissolution of the Soviet Union