American Imperialism: 1890-1920

Timeline created by aaronleeb24
In History
  • Alfred T. Mahan

    Alfred T. Mahan
    Alfred T. Mahan wrote a book called, "The Influence of Sea Power on History," which was a turning point in American Imperialism. The book talked of the importance of a strong navy for world trade. Theodore Roosevelt believed in a strong navy also and America began multiplying and expanding its fleet, creating naval bases on many islands in the Pacific.
  • Period: to

    American Imperialism

  • Spanish American War

    Spanish American War
    Cuba was revolting against Spain and wanted their indepedence and the Philippines then decided to fight Spain also. The U.S. decided to aid Cuba and the Philippines against Spain looking to gain territory from Spain. After a couple of months Spain surrendered and gave up a large amount of territory.
  • Annexation of Hawaii

    Annexation of Hawaii
    American expansionist believed that the Hawaiian Islands were a strategic location to own. The U.S. made their move and created a large foothold in Hawaii as a result of the sugar trade. When the Spanish American War began the islands had naval bases which created a path to the Spanish Philippines.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The Treaty of Paris ended the Spanish American War. The treaty freed Cuba and gave the U.S. the territories of Puerto Rico and Guam. The U.S. also purchased the Philippines for $20 million. Philippines citizens revolted because they didn't recieve their independence.
  • Open Door Notes

    Open Door Notes
    Secretary of State, John Hay wrote the Open Door Notes, which called for an open door policy in China where any country could trade with them. The Notes claimed that no country should have exclusive control over China or its trade, promoting equal opportunity for international trade in China.
  • Platt Amendment

    Platt Amendment
    The Platt Amendment gave Cuba a sense of freedom and self government, but the U.S. was still in charge of Cuba's foreign policies, debt, and security. The Amendment also allowed the U.S. to become involved if any revolutions occured against the government and the navy base of Guantanamo Bay was established under the rule of the U.S.
  • Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine

    Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
    The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine stated that the U.S. could intervene in the affairs of Latin American countries if they were governing their country improperly. It also said that the U.S. were the only ones who could become involve in these affairs causing European countries to no longer have an influence in Latin American countries.
  • Dollar Diplomacy

    Dollar Diplomacy
    President Taft and Secretary of State Knox followed the foreign policy known as dollar diplomacy. Its goal was to create stability and order abroad that would best promote American commercial interests. Dollar diplomacy was evident in the Caribbean and Central America, especially in measures undertaken to safeguard American financial interests in the region. In spite of successes, dollar diplomacy failed to fight economic instability and the tide of revolution in China and Latin America.
  • Wilson's Fourteen Points

    Wilson's Fourteen Points
    Wilson's Fourteen Points was President Woodrow Wilson's peace plan after WWI. His Fourteen Points included free navigation of the seas, an end to secret treaties, discussed the rearrangement of borders, and the independece of countries. His most influencial point was the idea of a peace group called the League of Nations.
  • Treaty of Versailles

    Treaty of Versailles
    The Treaty of Versailles was the peace treaty between the Allies and Germany. Germany had to claim the cause of the war, pay reparations and lose territory.