American History

  • (American West) Gold Discovered

    (American West) Gold Discovered
    James Wilson Marshall found gold in the tail race of Sutter’s mill. The founding of gold started the California Gold Rush. This brought immigrants from around the world to the American West.
  • Battle of Fort Sumter

    Battle of Fort Sumter
    The Battle of Fort Sumter is important because it was the event that started the Civil War. 7 states had seceded from the Union. Major Robert and his men refuse to leave the fort after the South orders them out. The South then begins to fire on the fort.
  • (American West) Pacific Railroad Act of 1862

    (American West) Pacific Railroad Act of 1862
    Lincoln signed the Pacific Railroad Act of 1862 into law on July 1. This act authorized the creation of two companies, the Central Pacific Railroad Company in the west and the Union Pacific Railroad Company in the mid-west, in order to build the transcontinental railroad.
  • NYC Draft Riots

    NYC Draft Riots
    The NYC Draft Riots were riots that took place because of anger from poor white people. The poor white people were most subject to the draft because they couldn’t pay their way out of it like rich white people and they were eligible for the draft unlike black people. So black people and rich white people were most subject to being attacked. This event is important because it led to forming more racial economic tension between blacks and whites. 115 people were killed snd 12 blacks were lynched.
  • Proclamation of Amnesty

    Proclamation of Amnesty
    The Proclamation of Amnesty was Lincoln’s Plan for Reconstruction. His plan was to pardon all of the Confederates except for officers and only make 10% of voting population take an oath to pledge allegiance to the U.S. He didn’t consult Congress for this plan which created tension between the presidential office and Congress.
  • Surrender at Appomattox

    Surrender at Appomattox
    The surrender at Appomattox was the event when the Confederate Army surrendered to the Union army. Lee surrendered to Grant and Grant was very generous with the surrender terms. This event is important because it ended the Civil War.
  • (Jim Crow) Start of Segregation

    (Jim Crow) Start of Segregation
    Official segregation came in the form of “Black Codes.” These were laws passed throughout the South starting in 1865. These laws were designed to limit the freedom of black people and ensure their availability as a cheap labor force after slavery was abolished.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    This amendment was important because it ended slavery in all states. This was a step towards Reconstruction and it legally freed all slaves. However, it wasn’t enforced in the South, so no one was actually freed until months later.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    The 14th Amendment guaranteed citizen rights for all Americans. These rights included rights to equal protection for all people born in the U.S. This amendment protected former slaves rights.
  • (American West) Transcontinental Railroad Finished

    (American West) Transcontinental Railroad Finished
    Workers of the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific railways held a ceremony on Promontory Summit, in Utah. The golden spike that connected both railroads was driven in on May 10, 1869. The spike symbolized completion of the first transcontinental railroad.
  • (Urban Life) Statue of Liberty

    (Urban Life) Statue of Liberty
    The Statue of Liberty was a gift from France, designed by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi. The Statue of Liberty’s official name is Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World. It was established in the year of the U.S. 100 year anniversary of independence.
  • (Urban Life) Brooklyn Bridge

    (Urban Life) Brooklyn Bridge
    When the Brooklyn Bridge was built, it was the longest suspended bridge in the world. It was designed by John Roebling and his son, Washington Roebling was the chief engineer of the project. The Brooklyn Bridge became a prime display of American ingenuity.
  • (Jim Crow) Plessy v Ferguson

    (Jim Crow) Plessy v Ferguson
    Homer Plessy was arrested for sitting in “whites only” section on the train. He was kicked off the train and he sued the train company and the case went to the Supreme Court. The court ruled that segregation was legal as long as “facilities are separate but equal.”
  • (Spanish-American War) Sinking of the Maine

    (Spanish-American War) Sinking of the Maine
    McKinley sent the USS Maine battleship to Cubs to protect Americans and cause peace. The USS Maine exploded and the Americans declared war on Spain, thinking that the Spanish had attacked. In 1976, the ship was found and examined and the examiners found that the ship had an internal explosion from the ammunition bay, which means the Spanish didn’t attack and it was just an accident explosion.
  • (Spanish-American War) The Start of the War

    (Spanish-American War) The Start of the War
    America declared war on Spain because of Spains mistreatment of Cuba, yellow journalism, and the sinking of the Maine. America also had trade ports in Cuba they wanted to protect. April 25, 1898 is the official date that Congress declared war on Spain.
  • (Spanish-American War) Treaty of Paris

    (Spanish-American War) Treaty of Paris
    Spanish governments signed the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898. The Treaty of Paris gave Cuba independence and seceded Puerto Rico, Guam, and Philippines to the U.S. The U.S. now becomes recognized as a world power.
  • (Jim Crow) Ida B. Wells Marches for Women

    (Jim Crow) Ida B. Wells Marches for Women
    Ida B. Wells was born a slave in Mississippi in 1862. Wells became an advocate for anti-lynching after two of her friends were lynched. In 1913, Wells marched in the Women’s Suffrage Parade in Washington D.C.