Absolute Monarchs

  • Aug 25, 1530

    Ivan IV

    Ivan IV also known as Ivan the terrible was crowned the first Tsar of Russia at the age of 17. In 1581, Ivan killed his son Ivan, the successor to the throne, in a fit of rage. Before Ivan had a change in character he was very intelligent and kind, but his tragic background contributed to his infamous behavior.
  • Ivan IV dies

    Ivan was known for torturing and executing thousands of people. More than 3,000 people lost their lives in Ivan's attack on Novgorod alone. Even members of the Russian Orthodox church were not exempt from Ivan IV's executions. Ivan acquired vast amounts of land through ruthless means, creating a centrally controlled government. Ivan died on March 18, 1584.
  • 9 Nov, 1600, Charles I

    Charles I was born in Fife on 19 November 1600, the second son of James VI of Scotland (from 1603 also James I of England) and Anne of Denmark. He became heir to the throne on the death of his brother, Prince Henry, in 1612. He succeeded, as the second Stuart King of England, in 1625.
  • 1612, Charles I takes throne

    He succeeded, as the second Stuart King of England, in 1625.
    Controversy and disputes dogged Charles throughout his reign. They eventually led to civil wars, first with the Scots from 1637 and later in England (1642-46 and 1648).
  • 16 February 1620, Frederick Wlliams birth

    Frderick was the ruler Brandenburg Prussia, and gained his power by birth.
  • Louis XIV

    Louis the 14th also know as the "Sun King" became king at the age of 5 when his father died. Louis XIV holds the record of being the ruler for the longest period of time of any of the major European monarchies. He ruled France for 72 years. Louis believed that the king controlled the Catholic Church and that the Church should do his biding. This brought Louis into clashes with various popes but they could not take on one of Europe's most powerful monarchs and Louis got his way regarding religion
  • 1640 Frederick Gains Power

    Frederick was of Catholic faith and had large contributions in political and military powess. He promoted trade.
  • 30 January 1649, Charles I dies

    After losing a war agaisnt the Enliish and Spanish Parliments, he fleed captivity and forged a treaty with Scotland, but eventually gets caught, tried for treason, and executed.
  • Peter I

    Peter the first also known as Peter the great became the Tsar of Russia at the age of 10. Peters father died when he was four years old, and his brother Feodor died six years later. He and his brother Ivan were jointly crowned. In 1696 Peter became the sole ruler when Ivan died. Peter focused on the development of science and recruited several experts to educate his people about technological advancements.
  • Louis XIV Dies

    To Louis, what was good for him was good for France he saw no difference in the two. Louis himself was a strong believer that the Roman Catholic Church was an essential tool within France of maintaining control over the people. Louis wanted religious uniformity enforced. Louis was famous for creating a centralized state governed from the capital, in order to sweep away the remnants of feudalism which had continued to persist in many parts of France. Louis XIV died Septemeber 1, 1715.
  • Peter I Dies

    Peter the first was best known for his extensive reforms in an attempt to establish Russia as a great nation. The ‘European tour’ was a notorious trip undertaken by Peter and his delegation in an attempt to win aid and assistance from Western European monarchs. Peter had dreamt of modernising Russia in line with other countries in Europe and as he travelled with his ‘Grand Embassy’ he hoped to secure help in battling the Grand Ottoman Empire. On February 8, 1725 Peter the great died.
  • 31 May 1740 Frederick dies and his Reign ends

    He died at age 51, and got burried twice after his first grave was discovered.