Eastern and Middle European Monarchies

  • Period: 1223 to 1480

    Mongol Control of Russia

    During this time, the Mongol Khanate would remain in Russia and dominate its residents.
  • Period: Apr 5, 1462 to Nov 27, 1505

    Reign of Ivan III

    Ivan III would become known for expelling Mongol Khanates from Russia and creating the first Russian State.
  • Period: 1519 to 1556

    Reign of Charles V

    Charles V would attempt to hold a tight grip over his vast empire, while also combatting Ottoman Turks and the spread of Protestantism.
  • Jun 28, 1519

    Reign of Charles V Begins

    Reign of Charles V Begins
    Charles V would ascend to the throne of Austria, the Holy Roman Empire, Spain, and the Netherlands in 1519.
  • 1547

    Reign of Ivan IV Begins

    Reign of Ivan IV Begins
    Ivan IV, would take the throne in 1547, quickly earning his now famous nickname, "the terrible".
  • Period: 1547 to

    Reign of Ivan IV

    Ivan's reign would be filled with cruelty and paranoia as he undermined Boyar power and murdered countless Russians on basis of suspicion.
  • Period: 1550 to 1560

    Ivan IV's "Good Period"

    The time in which Ivan IV remained a strong, fair ruler, before the beginning of his paranoia and tyrannical behavior.
  • Apr 5, 1562

    Reign of Ivan III Begins

    Reign of Ivan III Begins
    Ivan III, also called Ivan the Great, would be the first recognized Grand Prince of Moscow.
  • Period: to

    Romanov Family Line

    The Dominant ruling family in Russia following Michael I's ascension, the Romanovs would remain in power until the Russian Revolution of 1917.
  • Reign of Michael I Romanov Begins

    Reign of Michael I Romanov Begins
    Michael I would be the first Romanov to take the throne of Russia in 1613.
  • Period: to

    Hohenzollern family dominance

    The royal house of Hohenzollern would dominate Prussia in the 17th and 18th centuries,
  • Period: to

    30 Years War

    A war fought between the Protestant and Catholic leagues, which spanned several countries and resulted in millions of deaths and an enmity between Catholics and Protestants that had never been seen on such a level.
  • Reign of Ferdinand II Begins.

    Reign of Ferdinand II Begins.
    Ferdinand of Austria would inherit the Austrian Throne in 1619.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Ferdinand II

    The reign of Ferdinand II would primarily see him commanding the Catholic League and combatting Protestants in the various phases of the 30 Years War.
  • Reign of Leopold I Begins

    Reign of Leopold I Begins
    Leopold I of Austria would inherit the throne in 1658.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Leopold I

    Leopold I would lead Austria in the War of Spanish Succession, influence arts and literature, and repel invading Ottoman Turks from the Holy Roman Empire.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Peter I

    Peter I's reign would see him traveling Europe in an attempt to create allegiances with western European powers, and war with Sweden over the warm water ports surrounding his empire.
  • Period: to

    Great Northern War

    Also called "Peter's War", the Great Northern War saw Peter I pitted against Sweden for control of warm water bodies bordered by Sweden.
  • Period: to

    War of Spanish Succession

    This war would see several European powers attempting to stop French domination of Europe.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Charles IV

    Charles IV's rule would be of relative peace, climaxed by his issue of the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713, giving his daughter Maria Josepha.
  • Reign of Charles IV Begins

    Reign of Charles IV Begins
    Charles IV, a pious Hapsburg, would take the Austrian throne in 1711.
  • Reign of Frederick William Begins

    Reign of Frederick William Begins
    Frederick William I, also known as the "The Great Elector" would ascend to the Austrian throne in 1713.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Frederick William I

    Frederick William would become known for his alliance with Austria's divisive nobility, which differed from the normalized opposition to aristocratic power in Europe. He also increased taxation and military spending.
  • War of Spanish Succession Ends

    War of Spanish Succession Ends
    The War of Spanish Succession, which would see France attempting to secure the Spanish Crown, would see end in a loss of Spanish and French power, and serve as a flotation for the failing Austro-Hapsburg Empire.
  • End of Great Northern War

    End of Great Northern War
    The Great Northern War would end with a victory for Russia and it's coalition, and a decline in the influence of Sweden.
  • Reign of Peter I Begins

    Reign of Peter I Begins
    Peter I, who would become known as Peter The Great, would inherit the Russian throne in 1721.
  • Introduction of the Table of Ranks

    Introduction of the Table of Ranks
    Following his struggles with the rebellious Boyars, Peter drafted the Table of Ranks, establishing the ranks of the military and government of Russia.
  • Period: to

    War of Austrian Succession

    This war would be fought by several European powers over claimants to the throne of Austria and its territories.
  • Reign of Frederick the Great Begins

    Reign of Frederick the Great Begins
    Frederick the Great, one would at first show disinterest in military aggression would develop military strength that would turn Prussia into a European power.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Frederick the Great

    Frederick the Great, the most successful ruler in the history of Prussia, would dominate Eastern Europe and Austria while increasing the successes of farming and toleration.
  • Reign of Maria Theresa Begins

    Reign of Maria Theresa Begins
    Maria Theresa, daughter of Charles IV, would take the throne following the Sanction of 1713.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Maria Theresa

    The reign of Maria Theresa would be filled with constant warring as empires had attempted to secure the succession of Theresa's empire. However, through this, the Austrian military would also grow in power.
  • War of Austrian Succession ends

    War of Austrian Succession ends
    This war, fought by several Eastern European Powers for purposes of succession of Austria, would end in 1748.
  • Reign of Catherine the Great Begins

    Reign of Catherine the Great Begins
    Catherine the Great, Russia's first dominant Female ruler, would quickly earn her nickname as she opened warm water ports for Russia.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Catherine II "The Great"

    During Catherine's reign, she would partition Poland, earning a great amount of land, mandate Russia to grow militarily, and opened trade on the Black Sea.
  • Reign of Joseph II Begins

    Reign of Joseph II Begins
    Joseph II, son of Maria Theresa, would inherit the throne in 1764.
  • Period: to

    Reign of Joseph II

    Joseph II's reign would be filled with religious and societal reform as he allowed toleration and infrastructural improvements to be made. Joseph's reign would also see relative peace and the newfound idea of a service tax.