E4-4: Ivan the Terrible (EF)

  • Aug 25, 1530

    Ivan Born

  • Period: Aug 25, 1530 to

    Ivan the Terrible's Lifespan

    Ivan the Terrible impacted Russia over his lifetime in multiple different ways. He was the first crowned "czar of all the Russias" and successfully took power from a majority of the russian nobles, centralizing the government and giving it structure. He gained territories in the east and expanded Russia's influence into Europe ("Ivan the Terrible").
  • Jan 1, 1533

    Ivan Crowned Grand Prince of Russia

    At the mere age of three, Ivan was crowned Grand Price of Russia according to his father's dying wishes. His early years of rule are outlined by the death of his mother, a likely poisoning, when Ivan was eight. After her death, serval nobles began clamoring for power in the Kremlin, leaving Ivan completely neglected. His activities included literature, arts, and torturing small animals. ("ivan the Terrible Biography").
  • Jan 1, 1547

    Ivan Crowned Csar of Muskovy

    At the age of sixteen Ivan is crowned "Csar of all the Russias". He is the first in the country's history to officially hold the title. He was only 16 years old ("Ivan the Terrible").
  • Jan 1, 1552

    Ivan Captures the Tartar City of Kazan

    Ivan's capture of this city lead to more conquests throughout his reign. It also promoted the creation of the St. Bascil's Catherdral in honor of the capture of Kazan ("Ivan the Terrible Biography")
  • Jan 1, 1553

    Russo-English Relations Begin

    Ivan had diplomatic relations with Queen Elizabeth I in order to establish trade between the two nations, as well as possibilities of an alliance. This brought Russia more into the European stage and gave it a connection to the outside world ("Ivan the Terrible").
  • Jan 1, 1556

    Ivan Captures the Tartar City of Astrakhan

    This second conquest of a Tartar city expanded Ivan's influnce. as well as causing Russia to become " transformed into the multinational and multi-faith state" ("Ivan the Terrible").
  • Period: Jan 1, 1558 to

    The Livonian War

  • Aug 7, 1560

    Ivan's First Wife, Anastasia Romanovna, Dies

    The death of Anastasia, Ivan's first wife, set him into a stage of grief and anguish that would later be called "the Reign of Terror" ("Ivan the Terrible Biography").
  • Period: Aug 7, 1560 to

    The Reign of Terror

    The Reign of Terror was the time between Ivan's first wife's death and his death. In that span, he killed his son, had 6 more wives (all of which he executed), removed the eyes of the archetects of the St. Basil's Catherdral, and created his secret organization of police ("ivan the Terrible").
  • Jan 1, 1561

    St. Basil's Cathedral Completed

    At the completion of the St. Basil's Cathedral, Ivan used his power to put out the eyes of the two archetects that had created the building so that they could "never create any structure more beautiful" ("Ivan the Terrible Biography").
  • Nov 16, 1561

    Ivan Murders His Son

    Another terrible event of the "Reign of Terror", Ivan beat his daughter in law for going out in public in clothes that he deemed immodest. His son confronted him about it, bringing them into an altercation. Ivan struck his son in the head with his staff, instantly bludgeoning and killing him ("Ivan the Terrible").
  • Dec 3, 1564

    Ivan Leaves Moscow With Intentions of Abdictation

    Ivan left Moscow in order to "resign" from being king. However, this was his trick in a way that we would call reverse psychology. The Russian people begged for him to return. He agreed, but on one condition: he was to recieve nearly full control of the government. The Russian people agreed and Ivan expqanded his power throughout Russia ("Ivan the Terrible Biography").
  • Jan 1, 1565

    Ivan Creates the Oprichniki

    Right after recieving full power and control of the government, Ivan went about disposing of a majority of the nobles. The ones he left in power he insured were loyal to him, then set them out as his own set of secret police. They established his control over Russia and strengthening his hold for over 5 years ("Ivan the Terrible").
  • Period: Jan 1, 1565 to Jan 1, 1572

    The Oprichnina

    The Oprichnica was a group of nobles organized into secret police. They enforced Ivan's rule and allowed acted as spies for the Czar. They Were only in existence for 7 years, when Ivan broke up the group ("Ivan the Terrible Bibliography").
  • Jan 1, 1580

    Russia Begins Its Conquest of Siberia

    Ivan allows explorers to spread to the east in hopes of expanding Russian influence ("Ivan the Terrible").
  • Ivan Dies