Russia1

Russian Historical Timeline

  • Period: Feb 13, 880 to Feb 13, 1240

    Kievan Rus’

    Map
    First eastern Slavic state. It was founded by the Viking Oleg, who seized Smolensk and Kiev (882), which became the capital of Kievan Rus. Extending his rule, Oleg united local Slavic and Finnish tribes, Kievan Rus peaked in the 10th and 11th centuries becoming eastern Europe’s chief political and cultural centre.
    Kievan Rus
  • Jul 15, 988

    Adoption of Eastern Orthodoxy

    Adoption of Eastern Orthodoxy
    Kievan prince Vladimir I accepts Eastern Orthodoxy as the official religion of Kievan Rus' The Russian Orthodox Church, History and Influence
  • Period: Feb 14, 1223 to Feb 14, 1240

    Mongol Invation

    Picture
    Kievan Rus' faced its greatest threat from invading Mongols. In 1223 an army from Kievan Rus', together with a force of Turkic Polovtsians, faced a Mongol raiding party at the Kalka River. The Kievan alliance was defeated soundly. Then, in 1237-38, a much larger Mongol force overran much of Kievan Rus'. In 1240 the Mongols sacked the city of Kiev and then moved west into Poland and Hungary.
    Mongol Invation
  • Feb 13, 1303

    The Rise of Muscovy

    The Rise of Muscovy
    The development of the Russian state can be traced from Vladimir-Suzdal' through Muscovy to the Russian Empire. Muscovy drew people and wealth to the northeastern periphery of Kievan Rus'; established trade links to the Baltic Sea, the White Sea, and the Caspian Sea and to Siberia; and created a highly centralized and autocratic political system. Muscovy
  • Period: Feb 13, 1462 to Feb 13, 1505

    Ivan III

    Picture
    Grand Prince of Moscow, Known as Ivan the Great, Re-won parts of Ukraine from Poland–Lithuania, and repudiated the old subservience to the Mongol-derived Tatars.
    Ivan III
  • Period: Feb 14, 1547 to

    Ivan IV

    Picture
    Known as Ivan the Terrible, Both of his parent died when he was young, Known for his uncontrollable fits of rage, Married to Anastasia Romanovna, Ivan created a centrally controlled Russian state, imposed by military dominance, He is rumored to have killed his son in a fit of rage.The years that are known as the “terror years” began after his first wife died.
    Ivan IV
  • Period: to

    Times of Troubles

    Period of political crisis in Russia that followed the demise of the Rurik dynasty (1598) and ended with the establishment of the Romanov dynasty (1613). During this period foreign intervention, peasant uprisings, and the attempts of pretenders to seize the throne threatened to destroy the state itself and caused major social and economic disruptions
    Times of Troubles
  • Period: to

    Peter the Great

    Picture
    Peter the Great (1672-1725). Peter was tsar of Russia, his self-given title was Peter the Great though he was officially Peter I. Peter the Great is credited with dragging Russia out of the medieval times.

    Peter the Great
  • Period: to

    Catherine the Great

    Picture
    Married to Peter III, Had an unhappy marriage, Had a 3 children Paul , Anna Petrovna, Alexis Bobrinsky, Became the primary ruler after overthrowing Peter III with a coup
    Catherine the Great
  • Russification Policy

    Russification Policy
    Russification was the name given to a law of Alexander III. Russification was designed to take the sting out of those who wanted to reform Russia and to bind all the Russian people around one person – the tsar.
    Russification
  • Bolsheviks

    Bolsheviks
    Russian Marxists spilt into two groups: Mensheviks and Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks were born out of Russia’s Social Democrat Party. When the party split in 1903, the Bolsheviks only had one obvious leader – Lenin.
    The Bolsheviks<br>
    The Bolshevik-Menshevik Split
  • Period: to

    Russo-Japanese War

    Military conflict in which a victorious Japan forced Russia to abandon its expansionist policy in the Far East, becoming the first Asian power in modern times to defeat a European power
    Russo-Japanese War
    <br>Picture
  • Russian Revolution of 1905

    Russian Revolution of 1905
    Uprising that was instrumental in convincing Tsar Nicholas II to attempt the transformation of the Russian government from an autocracy into a constitutional monarchy.
    Russian Revolution 1905
  • February Revolution – 1917

    February Revolution – 1917
    In Russia, the February Revolution (known as such because of Russia's use of the Julian calendar) begins on this day in 1917, when riots and strikes over the scarcity of food erupt in Petrograd (now St. Petersburg)
    February Revolution begins in Russia
  • October Revolution of 1917

    October Revolution of 1917
    In Apr., 1917, Lenin and other revolutionaries returned to Russia after having been permitted by the German government to cross Germany. The Germans hoped that the Bolsheviks would undermine the Russian war effort. Lenin galvanized the small and theretofore cautious Bolshevik party into action.
    October Revolution 1917
  • Period: to

    Russian Civil War

    Russian Civil War
    The Russian Civil War was to tear Russia apart for three years. The civil war occurred because after November 1917, many groups had formed that opposed Lenin’s Bolsheviks. These groups included monarchists, militarists, and, for a short time, foreign nations. Collectively, they were known as the Whites while the Bolsheviks were known as the Reds.
  • World War I & Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

    World War I & Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
    On March 3, 1918, in the city of Brest-Litovsk, located in modern-day Belarus near the Polish border, Russia signs a treaty with the Central Powers ending its participation in World War I. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk brought about the end of the war between Russia and Germany in 1918.
    Treaty of Brest-Litovsk