Physical Development In The First Year

  • Month Three

    Opens and closes hands.
    Holds steady when held up.
    Lifts head and chest when on stomach.
    Swipes at objects.
    Brings hands together.
  • Month Four

    Supports upper body on hands when lying on stomach.
    Shows preference for red and blue over yellow.
    May begin to use vowels and consonants in babbling, such as "ah ga".
    Grasps rattle
    Puts hands in mouth.
    Rolls from tummy to back.
  • Month Five

    Rocks on stomach while kicking legs and making swimming motions with arms.
    Reaches out and grabs toys.
    Turns head in direction of sound.
    Knows positive speech from unhappy speech.
  • Month Six

    Passes a block from one hand to the other.
    Puts objects to mouth with hand.
    May begin creeping.
    Recognizes basic sounds of native language.
  • Month Seven

    Rolls over both ways.
    Sits up steadily.
    Stands with assitance.
    Knows parents and caregivers by their voices and by sight.
    Can follow a path of moving objects with eyes.
    Babbles with strings of vowels and consonants, such as "ba, ba, ba".
    Grabs for objects with raking montion.
  • Month Eight

    Pulls self up to standing.
    Bangs blocks together.
    Propels self by arms, knees, or squirming motion.
    Looks at objects with sustained attention.
  • Month Nine

    Uses index finger to poke.
    Puts objects in containers.
    Leans forward to pick up toy.
    Notices small objects.
    May start associating sounds with objects.
  • Month Ten

    Crawls well.
    Can put objects in containers.
    Uses index finger to start pointing.
    Imitates new word sounds more frequently.
  • Month Eleven

    Walks while holding onto furniture or crib rails for support.
    Uses gestures like shaking head for no.
    Releases objects intentionally.
    Grasps with thumb and forefinger.
  • Month Twelve

    May walk a few steps alone.
    Stands alone for short time.
    Picks up small objects using thumb and forefinger.
    Puts objects into and takes them out of containers.
    Holds and drinks from cup.
  • Month One

    Lifts head and turns it from one side to the other when placed on stomach.
    Focuses on objects from about ten inches up to three feet away.
    Reacts to parent's voice.
  • Month Two

    Makes sounds such as "ooh" and "aah".
    Watches objects moved about six inches away from face.
    Respinds to more sounds and different pitches of voice.