Ages 0-3 years physical developmentWhen a child is born they have no control of thier own muscles this is why they can not sit up as yet. During the first year, babies learn how to sit up, crawl, walk and talk. By age 2 toddlers go through another change and start to learn new things. When a child gets to three years they can hold crayons, kick a ball, build objects, ride a tricycle and jump off a step. Between 3 and 4, they can jump down on the spot, stand on one leg and draw a circle and a cross this would be taught at school.
0-3years physical development continued• Raises head and chest when lying on stomach (learning to crawl)
• Stretches legs out and kicks when lying on stomach or back (learning now to control their body muscles)
• Opens and shuts hands (teaching their hand muscles to expand and contract
• Sucking and grasping their fist
• Is able to focus and follow objects with eyes.
0-3years intellectual developmentIntellectual skills are anything to do with the brain development, for example turning your head towards different sounds.
• Follow moving objects
• Recognizes familiar objects and people at a distance
• Starts using hands and eyes in co-ordination
• Smiles at the sound of your voice
• Smiles and coos in response to others
• Begin to imitate movements and facial expressions (sticking out tongue)
• Begins to babble
• Begin to imitate some sounds
0-3 years social and emotional developmentAs babies start to get older they would start to develop other and try to communicate with older people, For example they would smile and talk baby language with their mum and other people they recognise. Babies would start to do skills such as: • Begins to develop a social smile
• Enjoys playing with other people and may cry when playing stops
• Becomes more communicative and expressive with face and body
• Imitates some movements and facial expressions.
physical development 4-10 years4-10 years
The first five years of life are very important stages of a child development. At this stage children should be able to do big movements such as running, jumping and kicking. However they might have difficulty holding small objects such as scissors to create pieces of work using pens or pencils to write out the letters. At age 5, children have more control of their movements and might be able to dress themselves, skip and start to draw letters and shapes, e.g. square and the letter O.
social and emotion development 4-10 years• Enjoys and often has one or two focus friendships.
• Plays co-operatively, is generous, takes turns, and shares toys.
• Participates in group play and shared activities with other children; suggests imaginative and elaborate play ideas.
• Shows affection and caring towards others especially those “below” them or in pain.
• Needs comfort and reassurance from adults but is less open to comfort.
• Has better self-control over swings of emotions.
• Likes entertaining people and making them laugh.
intellectual development 4-10 years• Forms rectangle from two triangular cuts.
• Builds steps with set of small blocks.
• Understands concept of same shape, same size
• Sorts a variety of objects so that all things in the group have a single common feature (classification skill; all are food items or boats or animals).
• Understand the concepts of smallest and shortest; places objects in order from shortest; places objects in order from shortest to tallest, smallest to largest.
intellectual development continued 4-10years• Identifies objects with specified serial position: first, second, last.
• Rote counts to 20 and above; many count to 100.
• Recognises numerals from 1 to 10.
• Understand the concepts of less than:”which bowl has less water?”
• Understands the terms dark, light and early: “I got up early, before anyone else. It was still dark”
• Some children can tell time on the hour: five o’ clock, two o’ clock.
• Ask innumerable questions: Why? What?Where?When?
• Eager to learn new things.
physical development 11-18 years oldPuberty usually begins at this stage, puberty is the time of fast physical development, and it shows that this is the end of childhood and the beginning of sexual maturity, in girls between the ages of 8 and 13 and in boys between 10 and 15. Girls’ bodies fill out and would start to grow breast and their body starts to change more from a child to a woman, their periods would start to begin (eggs would be relisted from the womb; you can get pregnant when you start your period).
social and emotional development 11-18 yearsYou would have of started school and you would be bonding and playing with other children, this would help your communication skill and would teach you how to talk to others. You would be very excited and you would like friend to come over and sleep round at this stage to keep you company.
intellectual development 11-18 yearsYou would still have to have help making choices and learning how to be independent, you would have to still have a parent around to sign something’s because you would not be old enough to do it yourself.
physical development 19-65 yearsAt this age a humans body does not technically grow anymore as the person ages the body keeps on going through changing stages. By the time women are in their 50’s, they have gone through the process of menopause, which ultimately stops both their period and their ability to give birth (woman would not be able to have children after this.)
emotional and social development 19-65yearsYou would have matured more than before and you would be able to do things like drive and go clubbing, this would help you make new friends and enjoy yourself, this would also help your emotional and social skills because it would boost your confidence.
intellectual development 19-65 yearsAt this stage you are at the peak of your independent development, you should be learning how to cook and you would be able to make complex decisions and able to do things like learn how to cook, clean and start planning your life, you would also be able to start a family and a career.
physical developmet 65+ yearsLast stage of physical changes, both genders body would keep getting wrinkles and their body would keep on getting old until death. Also they will have problem with memory loss.
intellectual development 65+yearsYou would need help with movement and certain activities such as playing games and daily activities e.g. writing.
emotional and social development 65+yearsAt this stage there are groups such as bingo and when elderly people in the community get together and talk about their lifers and their hobbies, this would make the elderly feel more happy and confident to talk to people.
final stage of lifeSleep
The dying person will begin to sleep more. It often becomes more difficult for him to awaken. This is caused by changes in the body's metabolism. As death grows even closer, the individual may breath heavily and sleep with his eyes open.
final stages of lifeConfusion
The dying individual may become confused about dates and times, and even the identity of people they know well. This is the result of chemical changes that are taking place in the body.
final stages of lifeBody Function
The dying individual will begin to lose function of parts of her body. She may become incontinent. Clarity of vision and hearing may be diminished. Body temperature will fluctuate as death grows closer. The dying individual may perspire or be clammy.
final stages of lifeWhen a loved one is terminally ill, or an elderly family member is rapidly declining, and death looms closer with each passing day, there are certain stages caretakers and others close to the dying will observe. These steps are part of the natural progression toward death.
final stages of lifeAppetite
Also as a result of the body's slowing metabolism, the dying individual may begin to eat less and drink less. This decline in appetite will get greater as death gets closer
final stages of lifeBreathing
Breathing patterns will also begin to change. Delays in breathing of 10 to 30 seconds may occur, especially at night. This may begin months before death and is caused by decreases in circulation and the accumulation of waste products within the body. As death grows closer, oral secretions cause a "rattle" in the back of the throat.
final stages of lifeCirculation
As circulation decreases, the dying individual may feel cool to the touch. His skin may appear blue, blotchy or spongy. As death grows closer, the dying individual may have a decrease in blood pressure and increase in pulse rate.