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The Stages of Infancy through Childhood

  • Reflex Abilities that a newborn infant possesses.(Reflex)

    Reflex Abilities that a newborn infant possesses.(Reflex)
    A newborn has a vast variety of reflexes, but the four common reflexes amongst a newborn are the Rooting reflex, the Moro reflex, the Tonic Neck reflex, and the Palmar Grasp reflex.
    The Rooting reflex is presented at birth. This reflex is a reflex that is seen in normal newborn babies, who automatically shift their face toward the stimulus and make sucking (rooting) motions with their mouth when their cheek or lips are touched. The rooting reflex helps to ensure successful breastfeeding.
  • The Physical Development of an Infant at Birth to 1 Year (Physical Development)

    The Physical Development of an Infant at Birth to 1 Year (Physical Development)
    The physical development of an infant/newborn occurs from the beginning, meaning birth. At birth, the average infant weighs around 7.3 pounds. 95 percent of infants are between 5.5 and 10 pounds and are 18 to 22 inches in length.
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    The Development of Children

  • The Tonic Neck Reflex that an Infant Possesses at 1 Month of Age (Reflex)

    The Tonic Neck Reflex that an Infant Possesses at 1 Month of Age (Reflex)
    The Tonic Neck reflex, also known as the Ayssmetrical Tonic Neck reflex is certainly present at one month of an infant/newborn's life, but disappears at around four months of age, when the Moro reflex usually takes place. The reflex consists of an infant's head being on its side, and the arm on the similar side will straighten, while the opposite arm bends. Unfortunately, if an infant is unable to move out of the reflex and the reflex is still triggered after six months, a disorder occurs.
  • An Infant is Able to Lift Head (Physical Development)

    An Infant is Able to Lift Head (Physical Development)
    At around three months of an infant/newborn's life, the child is able to lift their head without assistance.
  • Most Language Development within an infant/newborn

    Most Language Development within an infant/newborn
    The most language development occurs during an infant's three month period. During the three months, infants are able to recognize speech. An infant will begin to quiet down when spoken to, turn toward familiar voices and sounds, make sounds indicating pleasure, cry differently to express different needs and wants, begin to coo, make vowel-like sounds, and grunt, and gurgle.
  • The Moro Reflex that an Infant Possesses at 4 Months

    The Moro Reflex that an Infant Possesses at 4 Months
    The Moro reflex is present during the four month mark of life. The reflex is an infantile reflex normally present in all infants/newborns up to 4 to 5 months of age as response to a sudden loss of support, when the infant feels as if he/she is falling. It involves three distinct compenents: the spreading of the arms (abduction), the unspreading of the arms (adduction), and usually crying. The primary significance of this reflex is evaluating integration of an infant's central nervous system.
  • An Infant is Able to Exploit Positive Emotion, As in Smiling (Perceptual)

    An Infant is Able to Exploit Positive Emotion, As in Smiling (Perceptual)
    During the four month period of an infant's life, the child is able to smile, which means identification of positive emotion is found within the infant's mind.
  • Infants/Newborns are Able to Recognize Speech (Perceptual)

    Infants/Newborns are Able to Recognize Speech (Perceptual)
    At an early age of four months, an infant is able to discriminate speech sounds and engage in babbling. Researchers believe that the earliest speech development occurs in the uterus when an infant recognizes the sound of its mother's voice.
  • Between 3 to 6 Months Infants Become Stronger (Perceptual)

    Between 3 to 6 Months Infants Become Stronger (Perceptual)
    During the three to six month period of an infant's life, the child certainly becomes stronger and more agile, but also more knowledgable. The infant is able to differentiate facial structures of others, respond to familiar sounds, and also, recognize and tell apart others that are familiar.
  • The Palmar Reflex that an Infant Possesses at 5 to 6 Months of Age

    The Palmar Reflex that an Infant Possesses at 5 to 6 Months of Age
    The Palmar reflex usually appears at birth and occurs around 5 to 6 months of age within an infant's life. This reflex is triggered when an object is placed in an infant's hand and strokes their palm, the fingers will close and they will grasp the object. The grip is incredibly strong, but unpredictable, though it may support the weight of the child, the infant could certainly let go suddenly and without warning. The opposite of the reflex occurs when the back of the hand is touched.
  • Infant Language Development at 6 Months of Age

    Infant Language Development at 6 Months of Age
    At six months of age, infants can turn their head to their speaker, watch a speaker's mouth movements, respond to changes in a tone of voice, make louder sounds that include screeches, vocalize pleasure, displeasure and excitement, cry differently out of pain or hunger, communicate desires through gestures, and also babble for attention.
  • Language Development of an Infant during 6 to 12 Months of Age

    Language Development of an Infant during 6 to 12 Months of Age
    During the period of six to twelve months of an infant's life, this time period is considered a critical language development for young children. Infants begin to search for sources of sound, listen intently for speech and other sounds, take an active interest to conversations even if the conversation is not directed towards them, consistentaly respond to their names, respond appropriately to different tones, express their moods with sounds and body language, and play with tones.
  • An Infant is Able to Crawl, and Obtain Standing Position (Perceptual)

    An Infant is Able to Crawl, and Obtain Standing Position (Perceptual)
    During the period of 8 to 10 months, an infant is able to crawl, and maintain a standing position (preparing to walk). Although the child falls often, she will begin to successfully walk usually four months later, and will be able to obtain proper balance needed to successfully walk.
  • Language Development within Infants between 9 to 12 Months

    Language Development within Infants between 9 to 12 Months
    An infant's language development develops significantly between the age of 9 to 12 months. During these months, an infant is able to listen when spoken to, recognize words for common objects and the names of family members, respond to simple requests, understand "no", understand gestures, associate voices and names with people, know their own name, use sounds other than crying, shout and scream, engage in vocal play, and also repeat sounds.