Prenatal - GeneticsGenetics: Physical and Evolutionary Development
A embryo recieves both male and female chromosomes, there are 23 chromsomes in a female as well as in the male combining to a total of 47 chromosomes. These chromosomes are derived from DNA which encodes the gene with genetic information. Genes can determine whether a child is homozygous or heterozygous.
Source:<a href='http://www.marymeetsdolly.com/blog/index.php?/archives/1009-The-Blame-Game-Prenatal-Genetic-Testing-and-Abortion.html' >Genetics
Prenatal - Embryonic StageEmbryonic Stage: Physical Development
The Embryonic Stage happens within the first two to eight weeks after fertilizations. The embryo development of major organs and basic anatomy beginnings. The nose, rudimentary eyes, lips and teeth are partially noticed. Also, the embryo beginnings to show bumps, on either side of the body and bottom as well. Those bumps or bulges are the formulation of legs and arms.
Prenatal - SensorimotorSensorimotor: Cognitive Development
Sensorimotor is the basic cognitive perspective that beginnings from birth to age two. In this milestone children create basic motor skills, possible capacity for symbolic representation. Also during this development the infant are able to create a connection to the objects and individuals around them. Sensorimotor
Prenatal - Behavioral EnvironmentBehavioral Environment: Socio-emotional Development
In this stage the environment becomes a large factor of the infant's developmental growth. Behaviors such as motor activity, crying, fussing, linguistic (vocalization) and emotional expression derive from the influence of environment. This is based on interaction between the infant to the oustide world.
<a href='http://theconversation.edu.au/where-we-come-from-determines-how-we-fare-the-fetal-origins-of-adult-disease-3581' >Behavioral
Infancy - GrowthDomain Development: Physical
Growth is an important part of an infant’s life. Growth governs their capacity to develop at a maturing rate. However, according to the Principle of Independence of System, each infant is developmentally unique. Therefore, a child will grow at their own pace by their own physical maturity.
Source: Growth-Physical Development
Infancy - Awake State: CryDomain Development: Physical
An infant holds a certain degree of awareness that is measured by time based on the percentage of that time. Likewise, when an infant cries, vocalizing their distress the time of the crying state being performed is 1.7%.
Source: Awake State: Cry
Infancy - SpeechDomain Development: Cognitive
An infant’s speech develops gradually, at 4 months an infant can read lips and perform simple speech sounds. 6 months, the infant is babbling and is active in problem-solving activities. By 8 months, the infant can follow basic instructions and by 21 months the infant can acquire a larger variety of vocabulary.
Source: Speech Development Video
Infancy - TemperamentDomain Development: Socio-emotional
Temperament of infant is determined by 9 dimensions of temperament: activity level, distractibility, intensity, regularity, sensitivity, approachability, persistence and mood. Depending on those factors an infant can be in three categories of temperament. Either the infant is in the category of “Easy babies”, “Difficult babies” or “Slow-to-warm babies”.
Toddlerhood-Motor ScaleDomain Development: Cognitive
A toddler can perform varies on the motor scale according to the Bayley Scales of Infant Development. A toddler can stand alone on their right foot as well as walk up the stairs with moderate assistance.
Source: Motor Scale
Toddlerhood - Gender RolesDomain Development: Socio-emotional
Toddler boys around the age two years old are more independent compared to girls. Also, boys at this age are more acceptable to explore the world (i.e surroundings) while girls are more sheltered. Girls have a later tendancies to display less independency.
Source: Gender Roles
Toddlerhood- AttachmentDomain Development: Socio-emotion
Toddlers at age one can experience avoidant attachment. Avoidant attachment is when a toddler experience no sign of discomfort or stress when the mother leaves. Likewise, when the mother arrives the toddler does not acknowledge her return, about 20% of one year olds behave in this way.
Toddlerhood - SleepingDomain Development: Physical
As the toddler physically matures the hours of sleep generally descreases. REM, Rapid Eye Movement is sleep that is recongized by a form of dreaming. The older the toddler becomes the less REM sleep is performed.
Source: REM Sleeping
Early Years - SensoryDomain of Development: Physical
As children begin to mature in terms of development in the brain their individual sensory skills increase. Likewise, during the preschool period auditory acuity which is the clearness of hearing strengthens. Which gives a better understanding why children at this stage of development are increasely distracted by noises.
Early Years - InjuriesDomain of Development: Physical
Injuries are dominated part of the physical development of all children. Likewise, injuries are more likely cause of death within preschooler compared to illness. This is due to the increase of curiousity and increase in physical activity. 1 in 3 of children in the United States every year with injuries acquire serious medical attention.
Injuries: First Aid
Early Years - EgocentrismDomain of Development: Cogntive
At this stage, preschoolers predominately rely on egocentric thinking. This is known as egocentric thought, which only puts in account the viewpoint of the individual and not the community. Children begin to use outward body behavior of their egocentric thought without considering what that expression or behavior may impact outsiders.
Early Years - PlayDomain of Development: Socio-emotional
Play becomes the foreground of social and personality development for preschoolers. At this stage various ways of play provides an understanding of different ways a preschooler may interact with other children. Associative play, allows two or more children to share toys or other materials without mimicking the same play behavior.
Middle Childhood - Psychological DisordersPhysical Development
At this stage children with psychological disorders tend to express such symptoms to an disorder. About 1 out of 5 children and adolescents have psychological disorders, such disorders such as aniexty and depression. However, children symptoms are not continuous and tend to go unnotice and proper treament for these children arises various concern for medication.
Middle Childhood - AccidentsPhysical Development
Children tend to misjudge distance between oncoming and ongoing cars and trucks. Bicycle accidents are also a high risk of accidents however, car accidents rank the highest case of children accidents. 4 out of every 100,000 children between ages 5 and 9 are in car accidents, annually.
Middle Childhood - LinguisticCognitive Development
At this stage children are developing strong linguistic skills. At 6 years old a child will have 8,000 to 14,000 words, likewise 5,000 words are added between 9 and 11 years old. Passive voice and conditional sentences increases at the ages of 6 and 7 and are actively used.
Middle Childhood - Self- EsteemSocio-Emotional Development
Self- Esteem is positive and/or negative evaluation of one's self. At this period children beginning to compare and contrast themselves to other children. By 7 years old children are able to look at their self-esteem on a global aspect, like so children remain optimistic and maintain positive self evaluations.
Adolescent - Early MaturityDomain: Physical Development
Early Maturation is typical in girls however, boys that mature early are more successful in sports and competitions due to their great physical hieght and weight. They also tend to be more socially accepted and view themselves in a positive self-concept. However they have a hard time in their academics and may result to criminal behavior and/or substance abuse.
Adolescent - Addictive DrugsDomain: Physical Development
Addictive drugs create a need for that particular drug through biological or psychological influence. For example: Cocaine, Heroine, Shrooms and the list goes on.The stronger the usage the more desirable and demanding the illegal drug becomes, and the craving increases thus, increasing dependences.
Adolescent - Preconventional MoralityDomain: Cognitive Development
Preconventional Morality is when an individual follows the basic rules and/or laws of society, evaluating the punishments or rewards that follow.
For example: If someone desires to steal a car, a preconventional moral individual who respond to the other individual that stealing the car is wrong and they will be arrested.
Adolescent - Sexual OrientationDomain: Socio-Emotional Development
Many adolescence experience homosexuality or bisexual behavior in one period of their lives. 20% to 25% of boys same sex sexual ecounters likewise 10% are girls who also experience this type of ecounter. Researchers are unsure how homosexuality and bisexual individuals transition into that type of behavior in such a early stage prior to late adulthood.Sexuality