Imperialism in India By ryatan2 Jan 1, 1497 Vasca De Gama sails for India Vasca De Game, a Portuguese explorer, reached the port of Calicut. He filled his ship with spices and goods and sailed back to Portugal. Jan 1, 1707 Decline of the Mughal Empire Aurangzeb's reighn drained the empiren of its resources. Two million people died of famine when he away fighting in a war. Jan 1, 1750 Industrial Revolution in Britain The Industrial Revolution refers to the greatly increased output of machine-made goods that began in England in the middle 1700s. Jan 1, 1757 Establishments of the British East India Company Robert Clive led East India company troops to a victory over Indian forces allied with the French at the Battle of Plassey. It became the leading company in India. May 10, 1857 Sepoy Rebellion A rumor was spread around that the rifles they were going to use were greased with beef and pork fat. The sepoys rebelled after 85-90 people didn't take the guns and were jailed. Jan 1, 1858 British Colonized India As a result of the mutiny, in 1858 the British government took direct command of India. Jan 1, 1885 Creation of the Indian National Congress Growing nationalism led to the founding of two nationalist groups, the Indian National Congress in 1885 and the Muslim League in 1906. Jan 1, 1900 British Overcome French and Take Control of India The British government regulated the East India Company's efforts both in London and in India. Jan 1, 1906 Creation of the Muslim League The organization was founded in India to protect Muslim interests. Jan 1, 1919 Amritsar Massacre It was used to protest the Rowlett Act. The British shot into the crowd of people without warning and about 400 died. Indians who were loyal to the British became nationalists after that. Jan 1, 1919 Rowlett Acts The act allowed the government to jail protesters for as long as 2 years without trial. Jan 1, 1920 Mohandas Gandhi's Leadership of the INC The massacre at Amritsar set the stage for Mohandas Ghandi to emerge as the leader of the independence movement. Jan 1, 1920 Ghandi Travels Stressing Nonviolent Resistance Ghandi got a lot of Indians to boycott British goods and services. He also boycotted British clothes. Jan 1, 1930 The Salt March It was a demonstration to defy the hated Salt Acts. They traveled 240 miles to the sea coast to make their own salt. They end up getting arrested. Jan 1, 1935 Government of India Act The British parliament passed the act. It provided local self-government and limited democratic elections, but not total independence. Aug 19, 1946 WWII-Riots between Hindus and Muslims The British had to hand over power to either the Muslims or Hindus. Four days of clashes in Calcutta left more than 5,000 people dead and more than 15,000 hurt. Jan 1, 1947 Partition British officials soon became convinced that partition, an idea first proposed by India's Muslims, would be the only way to ensure a safe and secure region. Jul 16, 1947 Indian/Pakistan Independence The British House of Commons passed an act that granted two nations, India and Pakistan, independence in one month. Jan 30, 1948 Ghandi's Death A Hindu extremist who thought Gandhi was too protective of Muslims shot and killed him.