• Period: Sep 1, 1200 to


  • Sep 2, 1200

    Jews expelled from central Europe

    In the late 1200's, Jews were expelled from England, France, and other parts of central Europe and moved to outer parts of Eastern Europe.
  • Sep 1, 1216

    Pope Innocent III

    Pope Innocent III was behind many persecutions and other harsh measures taken against the Jews. He threatened to excommunicate those who hired Jews for public jobs.
  • Sep 2, 1350

    The Black Death

    The Black Death swept through Europe in the mid 1300's and killed almost 1/2 of the entire population. Most Christians blamed the Jews for this and murdered thousands of them. Religious and political leaders required the Jews to wear specific clothing and badges to identify themselves.
  • Sep 1, 1482


    In 1482 in Lisbon, Portugal the general population turned against the Jews. They destroyed their shops, homes, and even libraries.
  • Sep 1, 1492

    Spanish Inquisition

    Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain started the Spanish Inquisition. Anyone who was suspected of not following Christianity during this time was murdered.
  • Nov 1, 1538

    Martin Luther

    Martin Luther wrote the book Against the Sabbatarians about the Jew. Luther was mad because at first he believed that Jews would convert to his new reformed version of the church. When they did not Martin Luther lashed out at them, even going so far as to call them a “damned, rejected race.”
  • Nicholas I

    In Kiev, Russia, Nicholas I issued a “ukase” that prevented Jews from constructing houses of prayer and to destroyed any that were already in existence. It also stated that the Jews had to leave Kiev within two years.
  • False Accusation

    In 1840, Jews were accused of killing a Catholic monk and his servant. These accusations were supported by the French. Eventually, however, Jewish innocence was proved.
  • New York Synagogue

    In New York city, 500 people were led by law enforcement to a Synagogue. They attacked and destroyed the building.