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Oscar Schindler's Biography

  • birth and upbringing

    He was born in Svitavy, Austria-Hungary, April 28, 1908
    During his childhood and youth had among his best friends Jewish families. However, in 1930 he joined the Nazi Party by necessity opportunities.His sister Elfriede, seven years younger, was next the party.
  • Family

    His family was wealthy and Catholic, devoted to business, but suffered hunger postwar World War I, until its end in 1918 and the Great Depression in 1929.
  • In the Nazi Party

    He was married to Emilie, despite knowing that the life she led her husband, he professed a deep admiration and respect. He was recruited by the SS as an informant for a while, for having contacts with Poles and Jews wealthy merchants, taking advantage of this to gain the esteem of the highest levels Nazis.
  • Your company

    Schindler acquired cheaply, a factory in Krakow: the Deutsche Emaillewaren-Fabrik. This plant, with its facilities intact, was engaged in the manufacture of pots and kitchenware in peacetime, but Schindler adapted the production to supply the Wehrmacht campaign utensils. As the German labor was expensive and also scarce, decided to negotiate with the commander of the Plaszow labor camp, Captain Amon Goeth. Since this field with Jews trains were selected to the extermination camps.
  • During the war

    Goeth Schindler negotiated the lease of Jewish workforce fit for your business, choosing among them a very skilled accountant named Itzhak Stern. Initially earned some 350 Jewish workers to work there, with the help of Stern. Selected Jews worked during the day at the factory and at night they returned to the field guarded by guards.In addition to the lease payment, should pay tribute Schindler hidden benefits Goeth Captain production.
  • Becoming aware...

    Through this daily living,
    Schindler is it started to realize what they meant the stories of the brutalities and the fate that Nazis gave the Jews under the name of "Jewish resettlement."
    Schindler gradually began to take awareness that behind the systematic exploitation and the enslavement of the Jews was propitiating an irrational ideology towards the Jew. Its factory was a window to a systematic mass extermination machinery due to exploitation and hard work by those who passed.
  • The List

    After the suppression of the Krakow ghetto, from which witnessed Schindler began to change his attitude towards the Jews. Skillfully negotiated with Colonel Jewish Goethby Jewish, paying him a certain sum of money for each one of them was employed in his factory. The Jews were included on a list by Stern.
  • Changing course ..

    When the business of the pots was not satisfactory with the Wehrmacht, altered course to the production of capsules and pods of artillery shells in order to keep up the cash flow of the factory and thus to extend the request of more labor , and continue saving Jews from Plaszow. Schindler directed that a portion of the cannon shells capsules have manufacturing defects, especially those of 88 mm and 75 mm, taking care that no sabotage was obvious.
  • Ending the war ....

    At first you may feel very motivated by money (eg, the rich investors hiding Jews), but then began to protect their workers kindly disregarding the economic benefitSchindler, thanks to his ability, was able to hold and protect the Jews of his factory towards the end of the war and save them from death in Nazi death camps. In late 1944 Schindler was able to save about 1,100 Polish Jews, being almost personal bankruptcy.
  • After the war ...

    The government of Israel released the persecution of Schindler in 1955 while residing in Argentina. In 1958 Emilie separated and returned to Germany in complete bankruptcy.In 1960, the government of Israel recognized deeply with his saving for prisoners of Plaszow, whose descendants remember him as a savior angel.
  • Commemoration and deadth....

    It was declared a "Righteous Among the Nations" by the Yad Vashem memorial July 1, 1967 and allowed to plant a tree in the Avenue of the Righteous in Jerusalem also tried help him financially once he finally returned to Germany, but refused politely and died in Hildesheim at the age of 66 years, for the most destitute, in 1974. He was buried in the Catholic cemetery in Jerusalem.