Rabbinic Authority gradually loses its power, and Jewish leadership factions into three sects. Hassidism, the first sect, was created by the Baal Shem Tov in 1738 so that the non-educated could feel a spiritual connection. The Haskalah, another sect, advocated adopting enlightenment values and secularizing. The Misnagdish movement, established by the Vilna Gaon in 1751, opposed Hassidism by focusing on strict law. The Vilna Gaon actually exiled the entire Hassidic community in 1772.