Period: 3000 BCE to 1500 BCE
indusThe Indus Valley civilization is established in Northern India and Pakistan. 2500 - Large cities such as Harappa and Mohenjo-daro develop. 1700 - The Iron Age begins in India. The Buddha 1500 - The Aryan peoples arrive from Central Asia. The Indus Valley Civilization collapses. The Vedic period begins. The oldest sacred scriptures of Hinduism are written
pyramid of cheopsEgyptian
Period: 1500 BCE to 400
Mesoamerican / south americanThe Olmecs also known as “Rubber People”
Large stone heads.
Polytheism and Shamanism.
Agriculture (maize) and trade (obsidian tools and jade)
Cities – San Lorenzo, La Venta, Tres Zapotes.
Olmec glyphs. https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/mesoamerican-and-south-american-civilizations
Period: 800 BCE to 1200 BCE
RussianIn fact, early Russia was not exactly "Russia," but a collection of cities that gradually coalesced into an empire. I n the early part of the ninth century, as part of the same great movement that brough the Danes to England and the Norsemen to Western Europe, a Scandanavian people known as the Varangians crossed the Baltic Sea and landed in Eastern Europe. The leader of the Varangians was the semilegendary warrior Rurik, who led his people in 862 to the city of Novgorod on the Volkhov River.
Period: 550 BCE to 330 BCE
persianThe Achaemenid Persian empire was the largest that the ancient world had seen, extending from Anatolia and Egypt across western Asia to northern India and Central Asia.
Period: 332 BCE to 5000 BCE
MesopotamianThe Sumer form the first towns and cities. They use irrigation to farm large areas of land. 4000 BC - The Sumer establish powerful city-states building large ziggurats at the center of their cities as temples to their gods. Alexander the Great invades the land and conquers the Persian Empire.
Period: 330 BCE to 64
hellenisticHellenization, or Hellenism, refers to the spread of Greek culture that had begun after the conquest of Alexander the Great in the fourth century, B.C.E.
Period: 323 BCE to 507 BCE
Hellenic507 BCE the date of the first democracy in Athens and 323 BCE. The death of Alexander the Great).Consisted of Greek mainland ,crete , islands of the Greek archipelago,and the coast of Asia Minor. www.ancientieu/hellenic
Period: 38 BCE to 64 BCE
phoenicianParts of Cilicia and Chalcis are given to Cleopatra; later, she is allowed to govern, as vassal, parts of Phoenicia, Judaea (cordial relations with king Herod), Cyrenaica, and Crete.Tyre becomes a Roman colony
Period: 80 to 753 BCE
RomanThe Roman Empire was one of the greatest and most influential civilizations in world history. It began in the city of Rome in 753 BC and lasted for well over 1000 years. The Colosseum is built. One of the great examples of Roman engineering is finished. It can seat 50,000 spectators.
Constantinople made capitaByzantine
Period: 330 to 395
byzantineConstantine founds the new capital of the Roman Empire on the existing site of the ancient Greek city Byzantium. Byzantium was renamed Constantinople and it would become the capital of the Byzantine Empire.Roman Empire divides in half, with the Eastern Roman Empire based in Constantinople and the Western Roman Empire based in Rome/Ravenna.
Fall of RomeRoman
Period: 500 to 1500
middle age europethe history of Europe, the Middle Ages or Medieval Period lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery
Period: 500 to 200 BCE
vikingThis is the time of the legendary Sigurd the dragon slayer. Son of hero Sigmund and leading figure in the Volsung saga. Also known as Siegfried.
Hagia sophia is builtIndus
Period: 570 to 610
African KingDomesMuhammad is born in Mecca. He comes from a noble family and is well-known for his honesty and upright character. According to Muslim belief, at the age of 40, Muhammad is visited by the angel Gabriel while on retreat in a cave near Mecca. The angel recites to him the first revelations of the Quran and informs him that he is God's prophet. www.pbs.org
Period: 610 to 1492
IslamicProphet Muhammad is the founder of Islam. He was born in Mecca. Early Islam started throughout the Arabian peninsula. https://www.factmonster.com/dk/encyclopedia/history/islamic-civilization
Period: 907 to 960
ChaineseFive Dynasties and ten Kingdoms. Northern china was occupied by five successive dynasties, which were later Liang ,later Tany,later Jin,and later zhou. the rest of china was divided into at least 10 kingdoms
Period: 969 to 3100 BCE
EgyptianOne of the earliest civilizations in world history. situated in the nile valley,in the north east of Africa. Ancient Egyptians built the pyramids. Cleopatra was the last queen of Ancient Egypt. www.timemaps.com/civilizations/ancient-egypt
Period: 1192 to 1274
japaneseThe Kamakura Shogunate government is formed when Yoritomo is appointed the first Shogun. 1274 - The Mongols, led by Kublai Khan, attempt to invade Japan, but fail when a typhoon destroys much of the Mongol navy.
Period: 1206 to 1368
mongolThe Great Khan Ogedei personally leads his army against the Jin Dynasty in China. His general, Subutai, captures the Emperor Wanyan's capital city, Kaifeng. Three Mongol armies form an alliance with the Song Dynasty and finish off the Jin
Period: to 922
hebrewAbraham settles in the land of Israel (Canaan). Joseph is sold into slavery. His family join him in Egypt The Hebrews are enslaved by the Egyptians. Baby Moses Being Rescued Moses leads the Hebrews out of Egypt.The Hebrews arrive in Israel. Saul is crowned the first King of Israel.
Period: to 230
IndianThe Indus Valley civilization is established in Northern India and Pakistan.Large cities such as Harappa and Mohenjo-daro develop.The Iron Age begins in India.
The Satavahana Empire is established.