• Apr 13, 1400

    aztec empire reachs peak

    aztec empire reachs peak
    The Aztec people were certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, a period referred to as the late post-classic period in Mesoamerican chronology.
  • Jan 13, 1492

    columbus sails to america

    columbus sails to america
    Christopher Columbus (c. 1451 – 20 May 1506) was a navigator, colonizer, and explorer whose voyages across the Atlantic Ocean led to general European awareness of the American continents in the Western Hemisphere. With his four voyages of exploration and several attempts at establishing a settlement on the island of Hispaniola, all funded by Isabella I of Castile, he initiated the process of Spanish colonization which foreshadowed general European colonization of the "New World".
  • Jan 4, 1519

    spaniards begin to explore Texas

    spaniards begin to explore Texas
    Spanish people or Spaniards constitute the European nation and ethnic group native of Spain, in the Iberian Peninsula, which forms the southwest of Europe. The Spanish nationality is in essence made up of regional nationalities, reflecting the complex history of Spain. Spain, in its current boundaries, was formed out of a number of predecessor kingdoms in the late 15th century as a result of the Reconquista and the War of the Castilian Succession.
  • Mar 6, 1519

    avarez de pined explores texas coast

    avarez de pined explores texas coast
    Alonzo Álvarez de Pineda (1494 - 1520) was a Spanish explorer and cartographer. His map marks the first document in Texas history.
  • Mar 16, 1528

    cabeza de vaca is shipwrecked near galveston

    cabeza de vaca is shipwrecked near galveston
    Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca (Jerez de la Frontera, ca. 1490/1507 – Sevilla, ca. 1557/1559) was a Spanish explorer of the New World, one of four survivors of the Narváez expedition. He is remembered as a proto-anthropologist for his detailed accounts of the many tribes of Native Americans, first published in 1542 as La Relación (The Report), and later known as Naufragios (Shipwrecks).
  • apaches arrive in texas

    apaches arrive in texas
    Apache is the collective term for several culturally related groups of Native Americans in the United States originally from the American Southwest. These indigenous peoples of North America speak a Southern Athabaskan language, which is related linguistically to the languages of Athabaskan speakers of Alaska and western Canada. The modern term Apache excludes the related Navajo people. However, the Navajo and the other Apache groups are clearly related through
  • los adaes becomes first capitol of texas

    los adaes becomes first capitol of texas
    Los Adaes was the capital of Tejas on the northeastern frontier of New Spain from 1729 to 1770. It included a mission, San Miguel de Linares de los Adaes, and a presidio, Nuestra Señora del Pilar de Los Adaes (Our Lady of Pilar of the Adaes). The site is located in the present-day Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana. The Los Adaes State Historic Site preserves the site. It has been designated a National Historic Landmark, the highest honor.
  • comanches drive spanish from san saba.

    comanches drive spanish from san saba.
    The Comanche are a Native American ethnic group whose historic range consisted of present-day eastern New Mexico, southern Colorado, northeastern Arizona, southern Kansas, all of Oklahoma, and most of northwest Texas. Originally, the Comanches were hunter-gatherers, with a typical Plains Indian culture. There may have been as many as 45,000 Comanches in the late 18th century.
  • san antonio becomes new capital of texas

    san antonio becomes new capital of texas
    San Angelo is a city in and the county seat of Tom Green County, Texas, United States,in West Central Texas. As of 2009 according to an estimate published by the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total population of 91,880.It is the 28th largest city in Texas. The San Angelo metropolitan area consists of Tom Green and Irion counties and had a population of 108,085 according to 2007 Census estimates.
  • nacadoches is founded

    nacadoches is founded
    Nacogdoches is a city in Nacogdoches County, Texas, in the United States. The 2000 census recorded the city's population to be 29,914,while in 2007 it was estimated to have reached 32,006.It is the county seat of Nacogdoches County and is situated in East Texas. Nacogdoches is a sister city of Natchitoches, Louisiana.
  • most missions in texas are closed

    most missions in texas are closed
    The Spanish Missions in Texas comprise a series of religious outposts established by Spanish Catholic Dominicans, Jesuits, and Franciscans to spread the Christian doctrine among the local Native Americans, but with the added benefit of giving Spain a toehold in the frontier land. The missions introduced European livestock, fruits, vegetables, and industry into the Texas region.
  • the neutral Ground agreement is established

    the neutral Ground agreement is established
    Mexico and Texas negotiated a temporary agreement in which neither the Spanish nor Texans had control. The Sabine River and The rio grand. This neutral ground quickly became a haven for Criminals trying to avoid capture.
  • father hidalgo issues the grito de dolores

    father hidalgo issues the grito de dolores
    In 1810 Hidalgo led a group of indigenous and mestizo peasants in a revolt against the dominant peninsulares under the banner of the Virgin of Guadalupe. After clashes with the criollos and Mexican townspeople the group disbanded.
    Hidalgo's rebellion was the beginning of what would become the Mexican War of Independence. Although he was unsuccessful in his original aim, Hidalgo's efforts were followed by those of José María M
  • mexico gains independece from spain

    mexico gains independece from spain
    After New Spain won independence from Spain, it was decided that the new country would be named after its capital, Mexico City, which was founded in 1524 on top of the ancient Aztec capital of México-Tenochtitlan.On September 16, 1810, independence from Spain was declared by priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, in the small town of Dolores, Guanajuato
  • father hidalgo is executed

    father hidalgo is executed
    Hidalgo was captured on 21 March 1811, and executed on 30 July
  • adams onis treaty is signed

    adams onis treaty is signed
    The Adams–Onís Treaty of 1819,Also known as the Transcontinental Treaty of 1819, settled a border dispute in North America between the United States and Spain. The treaty was the result of increasing tensions between the U.S. and Spain regarding territorial rights at a time of weakened Spanish power in the New World. In addition to ceding Florida to the United States, the treaty settled a boundary dispute along the Sabine River in Texas and firmly established the boundary of U.S. territory a
  • stephen F. austin brings settlers to texas

    stephen  F. austin brings settlers to texas
    Stephen Fuller Austin (November 3, 1793 – December 27, 1836), known as the Father of Texas, led the second and ultimately successful colonization of the region by bringing 300 families from the United States. The capital of Texas, Austin in Travis County, Austin County, Austin Bayou, Stephen F. Austin State University in Nacogdoches, Austin College in Sherman, as well as a number of K-12 schools are named in his honor.
  • convention of 1833 sends austin to texas

    convention of 1833 sends austin to texas
    The Convention of 1833 (April 1–13, 1833) was a political gathering of settlers in Mexican Texas. It was a successor to the Convention of 1832, whose requests had not been addressed by the Mexican government. For the second convention, 56 delegates met in San Felipe de Austin to draft a series of petitions to the Mexican government. Among these was a request for independent statehood for the province, which was at the time part of the state of Coahuila y Tejas
  • sam houston is elected pesident

    sam houston is elected pesident
    Samuel Houston (March 2, 1793 – July 26, 1863) was a 19th century American statesman, politician, and soldier. Born in Timber Ridge, just north of Lexington in Rockbridge County, Virginia, in the Shenandoah Valley, Houston was a key figure in the history of Texas, including periods as the first and third President of the Republic of Texas, Senator for Texas after it joined the United States, and finally as governor.
  • anson jones is elected pesident

    anson jones is elected pesident
    Anson Jones (January 20, 1798 – January 9, 1858) was a doctor, businessman, congressman, the fourth and last President of Republic of Texas, sometimes called the "Architect of Annexation."