Industrial Revolution

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  • Jethro Tull

    Jethro Tull
    Invented the seed drill
  • John Kay

    John Kay
    Kay patented his "New Engine of Machine for Opening and Dressing Wool". This machine included the Flying Shuttle.
  • James Hargreaves

    James Hargreaves
    Hargreaves built what became known as the Spinning-Jenny.
  • Capitalism

    Adam Smith published Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations.
  • James Watt

    James Watt
    Patented a steam locomotive
  • Edmund Cartwright

    Edmund Cartwright
    Invented the power loom
  • Abolition of Slavery

    Abolition of Slavery
    William Wiberforce delivers first major abolition speech before the House of Commons.
  • Telegraph

    The non-electric telegraph was invented by Claude Chappe
  • Cotton Gin

    Cotton Gin
    It was invented by Eli Whitney
  • Socialism

    Robert Owen purchases a cotton mill in New Lanark, Scotland. He begins to reshape working and living conditions for his employees.
  • Mary Dixon Kies

    Mary Dixon Kies
    Received the first U.S. patent issued to a woman. The industrial revolution of the 19th century and the emergence of machinery to the work force sparked the women’s movement in Europe. Therefore the excuse of the physical difference between men and women was no longer valid due to the replacement of the laborer’s (male) strong arms with machines. Women entered the work force.
  • Cyrus McCormick

    Cyrus McCormick
    Invented the reaper.
  • Reform Bill of 1832

    Reform Bill of 1832
    One of the most obvious successes of the 1832 act was that it removed from the political set-up the oddities that were rotten boroughs.
  • Steel Seed Plow

    Steel Seed Plow
    John Deere created the first seed plow.
  • Sewing Machine

     Sewing Machine
    Elias Howe
  • Communism

    Karl Marx published the Communist Manifesto in 1848
  • Telephone

    Alexander Graham Bell
  • Phonograph

    Thomas Edison
  • Airplane

    Orville Wright (1871-1948) and Wilbur Wright (1867-1912)
  • Totalitarianism

    Hannah Arendt (1906-1975) popularized the use of the term totalitarianism (notably in her 1951 book The Origins of Totalitarianism) in order to illustrate the commonalities between Nazi Germany and the Stalinist Soviet Union.