E. L. Thorndike (1874-1947). Thorndike's views resulted in a major shift in psychology, he promoted the belief that science and only science would save education. Today, we would call the work commonsensical, systematic, and organized according to some reasonable principles of instruction. Today, we would probably
not call the work scientific but, rather, logical. This author especially promoted the idea that educational psychology must be scientifically based and firmly based on quantification.