World War II Timeline [Juana Flores]

  • World War I ends with German defeat.

    World War I ends with German defeat.
    German propaganda had not prepared the nation for defeat, resulting in a sense of injured German national pride. Those military and political leaders who were responsible claimed that Germany had been "stabbed in the back" by its leftwing politicians, Communists, and Jews. When a new government, the Weimar Republic , tried to establish a democratic course, extreme political parties from both the right and the left struggled violently for control. The new regime could neither handle the depress
  • Adolf Hitler becomes the leader of the National Socialist Party [Nazi Party]

    Adolf Hitler becomes the leader of the National Socialist Party [Nazi Party]
    Adolf Hitler joined this small political party in 1919 and rose to leadership through his emotional and captivating speeches. He encouraged national pride, militarism, and a commitment to the Volk and a racially "pure" Germany. Hitler condemned the Jews, exploiting antisemitic feelings that had prevailed in Europe for centuries. He changed the name of the party to the Nazi Party. By the end of 1920, the Nazi Party had about 3,000 members and a year later Hitler became the official leader.
  • Benito Mussolini becomes head of the Italian government

    Benito Mussolini becomes head of the Italian government
  • Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch

    Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch
    Adolf Hitler's attempt at an armed overthrow of local authorities in Munich [the Beer Hall Putsch] , failed miserably. The Nazi Party seemed doomed to fail and its leaders, including Hitler, were subsequently jailed and charged with high treason. However, Hitler used the courtroom at his public trial as a propaganda platform, ranting for hours against the Weimar government. By the end of the 24-day trial Hitler had actually gained support for his courage to act. The right-wing presiding
  • Hitler's Book "Mein Kampf" Is Published.

    Hitler's Book "Mein Kampf" Is Published.
    While Hitler was in prison he wrote volume one of Mein Kampf which means (My Struggle). It was published in 1925. This book talked detailed about Hitler's radical ideas of German nationalism, antisemitism, and anti-Bolshevism. Linked with Social Darwinism, the human struggle that said that might makes right, Hitler's book became the ideological base for the Nazi Party's racist beliefs and murderous practices.
  • German's Elect Nazis Making Them The Second Largest Political Group In Germany

    German's Elect Nazis Making Them The Second Largest Political Group In Germany
    Hindenburg created a new government, made up of a chancellor and cabinet ministers, to rule by emergency decrees instead of by laws passed by the Reichstag. So began the demise of the Weimar democracy. Heinrich Brüning was the first chancellor under the new presidential system. He was unable to unify the government, and in September 1930, there were new elections. The Nazi Party won an important victory, capturing 18.3% of the vote to make it the second largest party in the Reichstag.
  • President Paul von Hindenburg appointed Hitler Chancellor

     President Paul von Hindenburg appointed Hitler Chancellor
  • First Concentration Camp Is Opened At Oranienburg Outside Berlin

    First Concentration Camp Is Opened At Oranienburg Outside Berlin
    Within months of Hitler's appointment as Chancellor, the Dachau concentration camp was created. The Nazis began arresting Communists, Socialists, and labor leaders. Dachau became a training center for concentration camp guards and later commandants who were taught terror tactics to dehumanize their prisoners. Parliamentary democracy ended with the Reichstag passage of the Enabling Act, which allowed the government to issue laws without the Reichstag.
  • Nazi Boycott Jewish Owned Shops/ Burn Book In Germany[May 10]

    Nazi Boycott Jewish Owned Shops/ Burn Book In Germany[May 10]
    As part of a policy of internal coordination, the Nazis created Special Courts to punish political dissent. In a parallel move from April to October, the regime passed civil laws that barred Jews from holding positions in the civil service, in legal and medical professions, and in teaching and university positions. The Nazis encouraged boycotts of Jewish-owned shops and businesses and began book burnings of writings by Jews and by others not approved by the Reich.
  • "Night Of The Long Knives" [The Nazi]

    "Night Of The Long Knives" [The Nazi]
    The SA (Sturmabteilung) had been instrumental in Hitler's rise to power. In early 1934, there were 2.5 million SA men compared with 100,000 men in the regular army. Hitler knew that the regular army opposed the SA becoming its core. Fearing the power of the regular army to force him from office, Hitler curried their favor by attacking the leadership of the SA in the "Night of the Long Knives." Hitler arrested Ernst Rohm and scores of other SA leaders and had them shot by the SS , which now rose
  • Hitler Violates The Treaty Of Versailles

    Hitler Violates The Treaty Of Versailles
    Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles by introducing military conscription.
  • Olympic Games Begin In Berlin

    Olympic Games Begin In Berlin
    In 1936, Berlin hosted the Olympics. Hitler viewed this as a perfect opportunity to promote a favorable image of Nazism to the world. Monumental stadiums and other Olympic facilities were constructed as Nazi showpieces. Leni Riefenstahl was commissioned to create a film, Olympia, for the purpose of Nazi propaganda. Some have called her previous film in 1935, Triumph of the Will, one of the great propaganda pieces of the century. In it, she portrayed Hitler as a god.
  • Germany Announces 'Aschluss' With Austria

    Germany Announces 'Aschluss' With Austria
    As part of Hitler's quest for uniting all German-speaking people and for Lebensraum, Germany took over Austria without bloodshed. The Anschluss occurred with the overwhelming approval of the Austrian people. No countries protested this violation of the Treaty of Versailles
  • German Troops Occupy The Sudetenland

    German Troops Occupy The Sudetenland
    Then at the Munich Conference, Hitler prevailed upon Britain, France and, Italy to agree to the cession of the Sudetenland. The Western powers chose appeasement rather than military confrontation. Germany occupied the Sudetenland on October 15, 1938.
  • Kristallnacht- The Night Of Broken Glass

    Kristallnacht- The Night Of Broken Glass
    In Germany, open antisemitism became increasingly accepted, climaxing in the "Night of Broken Glass" (Kristallnacht) on November 9, 1938. Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels initiated this free-for-all against the Jews, during which nearly 1,000 synagogues were set on fire and 76 were destroyed. More than 7,000 Jewish businesses and homes were looted, about one hundred Jews were killed and as many as 30,000 Jews were arrested and sent to concentration camps to be tormented, many for months. With
  • Nazis invade Poland.

    Nazis invade Poland.
    Hitler invaded Poland, officially starting World War II. Two days later, Britain and France, now obliged by treaty to help Poland, declared war on Germany. Hitler's armies used the tactic of Blitzkrieg, or lightning war, a combination of armored attack accompanied by air assault. Before British and French power could be brought to bear, in less than four weeks, Poland collapsed. Germany's military conquest put it in a position to establish the New Order, a plan to abuse and eliminate so-called u
  • Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand declare war on Germany.

    Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand declare war on Germany.
  • Soviets invade Poland

      Soviets invade Poland
    As Soviet troops broke into Poland, they unexpectedly met up with German troops who had fought their way that far east in a little more than two weeks. The Germans receded when confronted by the Soviets, handing over their Polish prisoners of war. Thousands of Polish troops were taken into captivity; some Poles simply surrendered to the Soviets to avoid being captured by the Germans. The Soviet Union would wind up with about three-fifths of Poland and 13 million of its people as a result of th
  • Assasination Attempt On Hitler Fails

    on the 16th anniversary of Hitler's Beer Hall Putsch, a bomb explodes just after Hitler has finished giving a speech. He was unharmed.
  • Star Of David On Armbands

    Star Of David On Armbands
    General Governor Hans Frank issued an ordinance that Jews ten years of age and older living in the General Government had to wear the Star of David on armbands or pinned to the chest or back. This made the identification of Jews easier when the Nazis began issuing orders establishing ghettos.
  • Nazis invade Denmark and Norway

    Nazis invade Denmark and Norway
  • Holland surrenders to the Nazis.

    Holland surrenders to the Nazis.
  • Germans bomb Paris; Dunkirk Evacuation Ends

    Germans bomb Paris; Dunkirk Evacuation Ends
  • Germans enter Paris.

    Germans enter Paris.
  • Hitler and Mussolini meet in Munich; Soviets begin occupation of the Baltic States

    Hitler and Mussolini meet in Munich; Soviets begin occupation of the Baltic States
  • Battle of Britain begins

    Battle of Britain begins
  • Hitler declares a blockade of the British Isles.

    Hitler declares a blockade of the British Isles.
  • Italy Invades Greece

    Italy Invades Greece
  • Germans bomb Coventry, England

    Germans bomb Coventry, England
  • Nazis invade Greece and Yugoslavia.

    Nazis invade Greece and Yugoslavia.
  • Greece surrenders to the Nazis

    Greece surrenders to the Nazis
  • German attack on Tobruk is repulsed.

    German attack on Tobruk is repulsed.
  • Heavy German bombing of London; British bomb Hamburg

    Heavy German bombing of London; British bomb Hamburg
  • Allies invade Syria and Lebanon

    Allies invade Syria and Lebanon
  • United States freezes German and Italian assets in America

    United States freezes German and Italian assets in America
  • Nazi SS-Einsatzgruppen begin mass murder.

    Nazi SS-Einsatzgruppen begin mass murder.
  • Goring instructs Heydrich to prepare for the Final Solution.

    Goring instructs Heydrich to prepare for the Final Solution.
  • Roosevelt and Churchill announce the Atlantic Charter.

    Roosevelt and Churchill announce the Atlantic Charter.
  • Nazis murder 33,771 Jews at Kiev.

    Nazis murder 33,771 Jews at Kiev.
  • The United States declares war on Japan, entering World War II.

    The United States declares war on Japan, entering World War II.
  • Germany and Italy declare war on the United States United States formally declares declares war on Germany and Italy.

    Germany and Italy declare war on the United States United States formally declares declares war on Germany and Italy.
  • Hong Kong surrenders to Japan.

    Hong Kong surrenders to Japan.
  • Japan captures Manila in the Philippines

    Japan captures Manila in the Philippines
  • Anglo-Americans start bombing Germany

    Anglo-Americans start bombing Germany
  • British and U.S. troops win back North Africa

    British and U.S. troops win back North Africa
  • Nazi Germany and its Axis partners declare war on the United States.

    Nazi Germany and its Axis partners declare war on the United States.
  • Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in occupied Poland The largest single revolt by Jews against the Nazis during WW2.

    Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in occupied Poland The largest single revolt by Jews against the Nazis during WW2.
    April 19 - May 19
  • Italy swaps sides and declares war on Germany

    Italy swaps sides and declares war on Germany
  • Rome is freed by the Allies

    Rome is freed by the Allies
  • British and U.S. troops successfully land on the Normandy beaches of France, opening a “Second Front” against the Germans. This day is known as D-Day

    British and U.S. troops successfully land on the Normandy beaches of France, opening a “Second Front” against the Germans. This day is known as D-Day
  • The first of Germany's terror weapons, the V1 (doodlebug), falls in England at Swanscombe in Kent

    The first of Germany's terror weapons, the V1 (doodlebug), falls in England at Swanscombe in Kent
  • Warsaw Uprising in occupied Poland, the largest ever civilian revolt in history, by the Polish population against the Nazis. [August- September]

    Warsaw Uprising in occupied Poland, the largest ever civilian revolt in history, by the Polish population against the Nazis. [August- September]
  • Allied forces land in southern France near Nice.

    Allied forces land in southern France near Nice.
  • Allied troops reach Paris.

    Allied troops reach Paris.
  • U.S. troops enter Germany

    U.S. troops enter Germany
  • U.S. troops land in the Philippines

    U.S. troops land in the Philippines
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    The Germans launch a final offensive in the west, known as the Battle of the Bulge, in an attempt to re-conquer Belgium and split the Allied forces along the German border.
  • The Soviets liberate Warsaw and Krakow in Poland.

    The Soviets liberate Warsaw and Krakow in Poland.
  • The Soviets capture Budapest, capital city of Hungary

    The Soviets capture Budapest, capital city of Hungary
  • Hitler commits suicide

    Hitler commits suicide
    Hitler and his wife Eva then bid a final farewell to Bormann, Goebbels, Generals Krebs and Burgdorf, other remaining military aides and staff members. Hitler and his wife then went back into their private quarters while Bormann and Goebbels remained quietly nearby. Several moments later a gunshot was heard. After waiting a few moments, at 3:30 p.m., Bormann and Goebbels entered and found the body of Hitler sprawled on the sofa, dripping with blood from a gunshot to his right temple. Eva Braun h
  • Germany surrenders to the western Allies

    Germany surrenders to the western Allies
  • Winston Churchill announces VE Day - Victory in Europe.

    Winston Churchill announces VE Day - Victory in Europe.
    British people wave flags, sing and dance in the streets. WW2 ends in Europe
  • Germany surrenders to the Soviets

    Germany surrenders to the Soviets
  • The first atomic bomb is dropped by The United States

    The first atomic bomb is dropped by The United States
    It was in on Hiroshima killing 78,000 citizens and injuring 50,000 others. two days later the soviets declared war on japan and entered manchuria. On August 9th a second bomb was dropped on the japanese industrial and shipbuilding city of nagasaki. japan then surrendered unconditionally. The emperor was allowed to remain head of state but a u.s. army of occupation was established.
  • The Soviet Union declares war on Japan and invades Manchuria.

    The Soviet Union declares war on Japan and invades Manchuria.
    On this day in 1945, the Soviet Union officially declares war on Japan, pouring more than 1 million Soviet soldiers into Japanese-occupied Manchuria, northeastern China, to take on the 700,000-strong Japanese army.
  • Japan surrendered to the Allies after almost six years of war Victory in Japan Day/

    Japan surrendered to the Allies after almost six years of war Victory in Japan Day/
    The day marks the end of the Burma Campaign, the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Pacific War with the U.S., and other military conflicts in Asia. This is commemorated as Liberation Day in nations such as Korea, partly due to participation of her exiles in War against Japan over 40 years. See Surrender of Japan for historical circumstances surrounding Japan's surrender.
  • End Of World War 2

    End Of World War 2
    Having agreed in principle to unconditional surrender on August 14, 1945, Japan formally surrenders, ending World War II.