Hitler's Rise to Power

  • Party found & led by Anton Drexler

    Party found & led by Anton Drexler
    The German Workers’ Party, led by Anton Drexler, was formed in 1919. Hitler joined and soon became leader. His speeches gave people scapegoats to blame for Germany’s problems:
    • The Allies
    • The Versailles Treaty and the ‘November Criminals'
    • The Communists
    • The Jews
  • Communist uprising

    Communist uprising
    Berlin suppressed brutally by the Army and Freicrop.
  • The treaty of Versailles is signed

    The treaty of Versailles is signed
    The Treaty of Versailles ends World War One and imposes heavy reparations payments on Germany. Though Hitler had nothing to do with the treaty, it affected Germany deeply, making Hitler wanting to lead Germany.
  • Party renamed to NSDAP

    Party renamed to NSDAP
    Hitler took over the 'German Worker's Party' and renamed it NSDAP. NSDAP is an abbreviation for 'Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei', which meant 'National Socialist German Workers' Party'.
  • Hyperinflation

    Hyperinflation
    Hyperinflation started in June, 1921 and the worst of it was between 1923 and 1924. The government prints more and more money to pay reparations to the Allies, pay pensions and to prop up the economy. The value of money plummeted and the German money became worthless.
  • Benito Mussolini is made Italian Premier

    Benito Mussolini is made Italian Premier
    Later, Mussolini, Hitler and other people makes an alliance called the the Axis. The Axis contains the the three big countires envolved in the 'World War II' (Germany, Italy and Japan).
  • Beer Hall Putsch

    Beer Hall Putsch
    The Beer Hall Putsch, also known as the Munich Putsch, was a failed attempt at revolution. Nazi Party leader, Adolf Hitler, tried to seize power in Munich, Bavaria, Germany.
  • Hitler is imprisoned

    Hitler is imprisoned
    Hitler was sentenced to five years' imprisonment at Landsberg Prison for the Beeer Hall Putsch. During his time in prison he wrote 'Mein Kampf'.
  • Released from prison

    Released from prison
    Served nine months instead of five years.
  • The Locarno Pacts are Signed

    The Locarno Pacts are Signed
    The Locarno Pacts are signed in efforts to stabilize relations with Germany and its neighbors. The pacts usher in a period of peace and prosperity.
  • Hitler reorganises the party and the Nazi's rise of power

    Hitler reorganises the party and the Nazi's rise of power
    After the failure of the Munich Putsch, Hitler decided that he would have to get power by being elected, rather than by rebellion. However, he was banned from speaking until 1928.
  • 1926 Nurembery Rally

    1926 Nurembery Rally
    15,000 of his supprters matched through the streets in torchlight processions. Hitler claimed he was creating a 'Third Reich', or empire that would last a thousand years.
  • Hirohito is made Emperor of Japan

    Hirohito is made Emperor of Japan
    Upon the death of his father Yoshihito, he became the new emperor. Later on, Hirohito, Hitler and Mussolini become an alliance called the 'Axis'.
  • German federal elections

    German federal elections
    The Nazi wins 2.6% of the votes.
  • German federal elections

    German federal elections
    Nazi wins 18.25% of german votes having around 6 million votes. Losing to the 'Social Democratic Party' to first place. This took place after the financial crisis.
  • Heinrich Brüning becoming Chancellor

    Heinrich Brüning becoming Chancellor
    While chancellor, Brüning fails to introduce his Finance Bill.
  • German banks close for 3 weeks

    German banks close for 3 weeks
    Economic crisis deepens, after the collapse of a bank, no banks are open for three weeks. Unemployment hits 4.8 million, highest in the Western World. Nazi's begin to average 40% of the vote in local elections.
  • German presidential election

    German presidential election
    Hitler lost to Hindenberg as president and following the 1932 elections Hidnenberg offered Hitler the position of Vice Chancellor. He rejected this offer, believing he was entitled to the more powerful Chancellor position.
  • Brüning resigns as Chancellor

    Brüning resigns as Chancellor
    Brüning resigned after no longer having Hindenburg's support.
  • German federal elections

    German federal elections
    Since 1929, Germany was suffering from the Great Depression as unemployment rose from 8.5% to nearly 30% between 1929 and 1932. The makes germans believe in Hitler's way of leading Germany. The Nazi Party won the elections with 37.25% of the votes.
  • Franz von Papen loses support

    Franz von Papen loses support
    Franz von Papen's (who became Chancellor after Heinrich Brüning) government proves disfunctional when he is unable to win the support of Hitler's Party.
  • German federal elections

    German federal elections
    Nazi won 33.09% of the votes. By late 1932, Germany was in crisis, unable to cobble together a coalition of political parties to form a majority government. Hindenburg refuses to give up Presidential leadership and at this point, Hitler can bring down the government at any time with the support of the Centre Party.
  • Kurt von Schleicher becomes Chancellor

    Kurt von Schleicher becomes Chancellor
    Hindenburg fires Franz von Papen and make Kurt von Schleicher chancellor. Kurt von Schleicher tries to bring in leading Nazi figures such as Strasser, which causes Hitler to be very angry.
  • Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany

    Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany
    In an attempt to reel in the chaos of the German government, President Paul von Hindenburg declares Hitler chancellor, the first major step in Hitler's ascent to dictatorship.
  • Reichstag fire

    Reichstag fire
    On 27 February 1933, the Reichstag building was set on fire. At Hitler's urging, Hindenburg responded with the Reichstag Fire Decree of 28 February, which suspended basic rights and allowed detention without trial. Activities of the German Communist Party were suppressed, and some 4,000 communist party members were arrested.
  • German federal election

    German federal election
    Nazi wins 43.91% of votes. Thanks to the success in the poll, the party leader Adolf Hitler was able to pass the Enabling Act on 23 March, which effectively gave him the power of a dictator.
  • German parliamentary elections

    German parliamentary elections
    This was the first election under the Nazi Party rule and they banned all other political parties. There was only the choice of voting for the Nazi Party or being against it. (The posters says: One People, One Leader, One "Yes")
  • Hitler becomes Führer

    Hitler becomes Führer
    When Hindenburg dies, Hitler declares himself Führer (President) and Chancellor. He now ruled as a dictator and had sole and complete power in Germany.