Nazi Germany

By JuliaE
  • Armistice

    Armistice
    The Armistice was signed by the German government on the 11th of November in a railway carriage in Compiègne Forest. This document finalised Germany's defeat and ended the First World War. Source Here
  • Period: to

    Nazi Germany

  • Weimar Constitution Ratified

    Weimar Constitution Ratified
  • Spartacist Uprising in Berlin

    Spartacist Uprising in Berlin
    Also known as the January uprising, was strike in Berlin lasting ten days. Source Here
  • Versailles Treaty Signed

    Versailles Treaty Signed
    The Versailles Treaty was one of the treatys signed after the First World War. The treaty was signed at the vast Versailles Palace near Paris - hence its title - between Germany and the Allies. Source Here
  • Hitler Joins the Workers Party

    Hitler Joins the Workers Party
    "In 1919 Anton Drexler, Gottfried Feder and Dietrich Eckart formed the German Workers's Party (GPW) in Munich. The German Army was worried that it was a left-wing revolutionary group and sent Adolf Hitler, one of its education officers, to spy on the organization." Source Here
  • Hitler declares the 25 Points of National-Socialism

    Hitler declares the 25 Points of National-Socialism
    The 25-point Programmewas the political program of the German National Socialist Party Find the points here.
  • The German Workers' Party adopts the name 'National Socialist German Workers' Party' (NSDAP) or NAZI Party

    The German Workers' Party adopts the name 'National Socialist German Workers' Party' (NSDAP) or NAZI Party
    "In April, 1920, Hitler advocated that the party should change its name to the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP). Hitler had always been hostile to socialist ideas, especially those that involved racial or sexual equality. However, socialism was a popular political philosophy in Germany after the First World War. This was reflected in the growth in the German Social Democrat Party (SDP)" Source Here
  • Kapp Putsch

    Kapp Putsch
    In March 1920 there was a revolt in Berlin by the Freikorps, led by Wolfgang Kapp who proclaimed himself chancellor. The army took no action against him and the leaders of the Weimar republic were forced to flee to safety. After days his seizure of power was broken by a strike by workers. Source Here
  • The price of a loaf of bread reaches 201 000 000 000 marks

    The price of a loaf of bread reaches 201 000 000 000 marks
    In 1923 the price of a loaf of bread reached 201 000 000 000 marks, when just two years before it was only 4 marks.
  • Gustav Stresemann becomes the German Foreign Minister

    Gustav Stresemann becomes the German Foreign Minister
    Gustav Stresemann later designes the Dawes Plan in 1924 Source Here
  • The Munich Putsch

    The Munich Putsch
    Also known as the Beer Hall Putsch. The Munich Putsch was a failed attempt to take over Munich by the the Kampfbund. Source Here
  • Hitler's Trial

    Hitler's Trial
    In 1923 Hitler was sentenced to five years in prison because he was found guilty of taking part in the Beer Hall Putsch. Source Here
  • The Dawes Plan

    The Dawes Plan
    "The Dawes Plan provided short term economic benefits to the German economy. It softened the burdens of war reparations, stabilized the currency, and brought increased foreign investments and loans to the German market." However for the long run in made Germany dependent on foreign market. Source Here
  • Hitler in gaol at Landau Prison. Writes Mien Kampf

    Hitler in gaol at Landau Prison. Writes Mien Kampf
    While in gaol Hitler's business manager proposed to him that he should write an autobiography. He would hire a ghost writer. The book was originally entitled Four Years of Struggle against Lies, Stupidity, and Cowardice. Hitler's publisher reduced it to My Struggle (Mein Kampf). Source Here
  • Wall Street Crash

    Wall Street Crash
    After several years of economic stability, in 1929 US stock exchange prices collapsed in the ‘Wall Street Crash’ affecting Germany more severely than other countries. Production fell, businesses collapsed, and huge numbers of people were thrown out of work. The economic circumstances heavily affected the Government.
  • Nazi Party Becomes the Second Largest in the Reichstag

    Nazi Party Becomes the Second Largest in the Reichstag
    The chancellor at the time of the Depression, Heinrich Bruening was unable to gain support in the Reichstag for his economic plans, so he asked President Hindenburg to dissolve it and call for fresh elections. In the elections on the 14th September 1930 the Nazis became the second largest party in the Reichstag with 107 seats and 6,409,600 votes.
  • Nazis Become the Largest Party in the Reichstag

    Nazis Become the Largest Party in the Reichstag
    In March 1932 Hitler ran for President against Hindenburg, but neither received an absolute majority so a second election was held and Hitler received 36.8 per cent to Hindenburg’s 53 per cent. New elections for the Reichstag were called for the 31st of July, 1932. Throughout this election the Nazis became the largest party.
  • Election for President

    Election for President
    In March 1932 Hitler ran for President against Hindenburg, but neither received an absolute majority so a second election was held and Hitler received 36.8 per cent to Hindenburg’s 53 per cent. New elections for the Reichstag were called for the 31st of July, 1932. Throughout this election the Nazis became the largest party.
  • Hitler Appointed Chancellor

    Hitler Appointed Chancellor
    Hitler demanded the chancellorship, but Hindenburg refused. After the Reichstag being dissolved again elections were called for on the 6th November 1932. The Nazis lost some support but were still the largest party in the Reichstag. After a series of events, on the 30th of January 1933, Hitler was finally appointed chancellor.
  • Emergency Decree Limits Civil Rights

    Emergency Decree Limits Civil Rights
    In response of the Reichstag Fire one the 27th of February 1933 the President of Germany, Paul von Hindenburg issued the Emergency Decree, also known as the Decree of the Reich President for the Protection of People and State. The decree restricted the liberties of German citizens. Source Here
  • Reichstag Election

    Reichstag Election
    In the new elections the Nazis received only 44 per cent of the vote on the 5th of March, but combining with the Nationalist Party, which had 8 per cent, and the Nazis were able to come to power.
  • The Enabling Act

    The Enabling Act
    In 1933 the President of Germany signed the Enabling Act which entitled Hitler and his cabinet to gain legislative powers for Germany.
  • All Other Political Parties are Abolished

    All Other Political Parties are Abolished
    The Enabling Act (23 March 1933) gave Hitler the power to make any law he wanted. From this time on Hitler became a legal dictator and set to destroy all of his rivals. In May 1933 he abolished all the trade unions, and in July he abolished all parties other than the Nazis. Source Here
  • Withdrawel from the League of Nations

    Withdrawel from the League of Nations
    "Germany withdrew from the League, as did Japan, Italy, Spain and others. The onset of the Second World War showed that the League had failed its primary purpose, which was to prevent any future world war. " Source Here
  • Night of the Long Knives

    Night of the Long Knives
    Up until 1933 Ernst Rohm and SA were allies for Hitler, but they bacame a liability as they were alienating the army and became an obstacle to winning the confidence of respectable middle and upper-class Germans, On the 30th of June in 1934 Hitler used the SS to murder Rohm and other leaders of the SA, then extended to other 'enemies' of the SS, like Jews and Communists.
  • SS Takes Control of Concentration Camps

    SS Takes Control of Concentration Camps
    In 1933-1934, SS chief Himmler secured SS control over a centralized concentration camp system. Jewish people were also stripped of all their rights. Source Here
  • Kristallnacht: Nazi Organised Terrorism Against Jews

    Kristallnacht: Nazi Organised Terrorism Against Jews
    On the 9th and 10th of November in 1938 the SA coordinated various attacks on the Jewish people in Germany and parts of Austria. Source Here
  • Invasion of Poland

    Invasion of Poland
    Hitler wanted to invade Poland, but to make it seem like he was attacking for a reason on the night of August 31, 1939, he took a prisoner from a concentration camp, dressed him in a Polish uniform and made it look as though he was attacking the them. On September 1, 1939, the beginning of the German attack, Great Britain and France decided Hitler withdraw German forces from Poland or Great Britain and France would go to war against Germany.
  • Final Solution

    Final Solution
    The Final Solution was known as the most deadly phase of the Holocoast. On the 20th of January, 1942, in the Wannsee Conference it was decided that they would make extermination camps and systematically kill the Jewish people in Europe. Source Here
  • Death of Adolf Hitler

    Death of Adolf Hitler
    In Berlin on the 30th of April in 1945 Hitler and his wife Eva committed suicide in the Chancellery Bunker. There are various theories of how he died. Some say that he shot himself, others say that he ingested cyanide. Source Here
  • Germany Surrenders

    Germany Surrenders
    Ending WW2 in Europe .
  • Nuremberg Trials

    Nuremberg Trials
    "The Nuremberg Trials were a series of military tribunals, held by the victorious Allied forces of World War II,The first and best known of these trials was the Trial of the Major War Criminals before the International Military Tribunal (IMT), which tried 24 of the most important captured leaders of Nazi Germany." Source Here