Adolf Hitler joined the German Workers' Party in 1919 and rose to leadership. He encouraged national pride, militarism, and a commitment to the "Volk". Hitler condemned the Jews, exploiting antisemitic feelings that had prevailed in Europe for centuries. He changed the name of the party to the National Socialist German Workers' Party, aka. the Nazi Party (or NSDAP). By the end of 1920, the Nazi Party had about 3,000 members. A year later Hitler became its official leader, or Führer.