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Germany in Transition

  • The German Empire and Keiser Wilhelm II.

    Keiser, a powerful emperor controlled Germany (the German Empire). The German's were under strict orders of Keiser Wilhelm II and the Reichstag (parliament) had only very limited powers.
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    Germany in Transition

    The history of Germany in the 1900's and how the nation changed after World War One and during the rise of Hitler and Nazi Germany.
  • World War One

    Germany went to World War One against the British, French and Russians. The war lasted for four years, and was caused by the German's wanting power over other countries.
  • Admitting defeat in World War I

    The German generals were to surrender and admit defeat in the First World War.
  • Germany signed an Armistance to end WWI.

    The German's forced to sign an armistance (an agreement) to end World War One.
  • The Establishment of DAP

    Anton Drexler creates the German Workers Party (DAP). A group which later Hitler decides to join.
  • Elections

    Germany held an election for a new government to control the land and lead their people.
  • A New Government

    A new government was formed in Weimar, Germany. The German's had become a democratic republic, with President Ebert and Chancellor Scheidemann leading.
  • Hitler joins DAP

    After a going to a meeting for the German Worker Party in Munich, Hitler decides to join the group.
  • Propaganda and NSDAP

    Hitler becomes responsible for the propaganda of the party and renames DAP to NSDAP - the National Socialist German Workers Party.
  • Hitler Becomes the Leader

    Hitler was made the leader of the NSDAP.
  • Interruption of the Public Meeting in Munich

    Hitler took with him 600 stormtroopers to interrupt a public meeting at the Burgerbrau beer hall in Munich. He persuaded Guastav von Kahr to help him win power. However, the interruption had turned disasterous with 16 Nazis dying and resulted in Hitler being imprisioned for five years and banned from speaking in public until 1927. Hitler knew that he would have to win seats in the Reichstag to gain power.
  • Hitler was appointed Chancellor.

    After the recession and crash of the stock market, Hitler was made the Chancellor of Germany. At the time, the Nazis and Hitler were seen to be the people's party and he would deliver very persuasive speeches to audiences, trying to gain support of his movement.
  • Banned from Criticising the Nazi Government.

    Hitler banned all public meetings and parties from speaking badly of the Nazi Government.
  • Not Everyone Supported the Nazi Party.

    In the 1933 election the Nazi party only won 43.9% of the seats in the Reichstag. The number of seats were increasing, but not everyone agreeded with the Nazis and Hitler's movement.
  • The First Concentration Camp

    Himmler (a German leader) formed the first ever concentration camp in Dachau.
  • The Enabling Act

    Hitler had to convince at least 91 members of the Reichstag to pass the Enabling Act. Not everyone voted for him, but there were enough votes for the act to be passed.
  • Nazis Gained Control of Germany

    Provincial parliaments were shut down and the Nazis gained control of everything in Germany as they had passed the Enabling Act.
  • Moving Towards Dictatorship

    A law was passed to make all parties except from the Nazi party to be illegal. They were taking away the freedom of people and their opinions and political stance. The Nazis were gaining more and more power as time passed.
  • Hitler Become Führer

    After the death of President Hidenburg, Hitler was announced Führer and was incharge of Germany.
  • The Christian Church

    The Pope had written a letter in protest against the Nazis when they shut down churches, after Hitler signed a concordat with the Pope saying he would allow religious freedom and the Pope agreeded to not interfere with political matters. Around 400 priests were taken to the Dachau concentration camp.
  • The Night of Broken Glass

    Nazis destroyed 7,500 Jewish shops, burned 400 syngogues and arrested 30,000 Jews sentencing them to go to concentration camps. The Jews were made to pay for the damage and this was the beginning of Hitler trying to wipe out the Jewish people.
  • The Solution for the Problem of Jewish People.

    Hermann Wilhelm Göering (a Nazi leader) told Heydrich (a high ranking Nazi officer) to come up with a solution for the Jewish people. The result was the building of the concentration camps and death camps.
  • Death Camps, Gas Chambers and the Holocaust

    During a conference in Wannsee, Berlin, Himmler came up with the idea of gas chambers to kill the Jewish and 'un-fit' people off. Gas chambers were being constructed in camps like Sobibor, Treblinka, Maidank and Auschwitz-Birenau in Poland. In the Auschwitz death camp, there was enough room to put 700 to 800 Jewish people in one gas chamber and it took about 15 minutes for everyone to be killed. The gas used was called Zyklon B.
  • Attempted Murder of Hitler

    A bomb plot took place in an attempt to kill Hitler. Colonel Claus von Staffenburg (a senior officer in the German army) placed a leather bag under Hitler's desk in his headquarters in east Berlin. Four people died and Hitler suffered only minor injuries. Around 5,000 people were suspected to be apart of the plot and Hitler ordered them to all be executed. This included 19 Generals and 26 Colonels.
  • The Invasion of Berlin

    The Red Army of Russia entered Berlin from the east and a month before the Allies (USA, Britain, the Soviet Union) crossed the Rhine River.
  • The Marriage and Death of Eva Braun and Suicide of Hilter.

    Hilter marries Eva Braun in the morning on April 29, and a day later Hitler kills his new wife with poision before he shoots himself. Hitler had ordered his officers to cremate his body and showed no sign of guilt days before he killed himself after talking about the Jews and how they had caused everything.
  • Karl Doenitz

    Karl Doenitz was chosen by Hitler to control Germany, however he surrendered the war and Germany had lost the Second World War.