Weimar Germany 1918-1923

  • (Sailors) Kiel Mutiny

  • Armistice Signed (Cease Fire)

  • Spartacist Uprising

    Began an armed uprising, thinking election time was the perfect time to do so. They occupied newspaper offices and public buildings, the government called the Freikorps into Berlin to suppress the rebellion, and after several days of fighting the uprising was crushed.
  • Battle of Berlin Begins

  • Spartacist Uprising Crushed

  • First elections for a National Assembly

  • Communist Revolutionaries seize control of Bavaria and declare it to be a Soviet republic

  • German delegation was handed the draft peace treaty

    At the Paris Peace Conference
  • Treaty of Versailles Signed

  • Weimar Republic Established

    And Constituion promoted
  • Kapp Putsch

    Dr Kapp and General Luttwitz, didn't wish to disband the Ehrhardt Brigade as demanded by the Treaty of Versailles. Army didn't try to stop the brigade saying "Reichswehr does not fire on Reichswehr" and allowed them to take Berlin. The workers however went on strike, disabling the water, gas and electicity. This forced the putsch to fail having been defeated within one week
  • Communist Uprising

    A Red Army of 50-80 thousand communist supporters took control of significant industrial ares in Germany, the place known as the Ruhr. The government asked for help from the army and they stopped the uprising.
  • French Invade the Ruhr

    Germany announced they couldn't repay 2nd reparations (in 1922) or any for the next three years. The French invaded (with the Belgians) and took control of every mine, factory, steelworks and railway in the region. Germanys used passive resistance to combat the invaders.
  • French seizure motor vehicles/German Sabotage

    German workers objected to the French seizure of motor vehicles at the Krupp's steelworks (where 12 were killed), this followed by acts of sabotage by the Germans. So the French imposed court martial and took over the railway system, resulting in the Germans refusing to ride on the trains.
  • Hyperinflation

    Rapid decline in the purchasing power of the Germany currency caused hyperinflation. Germany continued to pay the passive resisters why they didn't work. Lack of income from unmanned mines and factories didn't help. The government got more money but simply printing more of it, this led to inflation. The value of money decreased and prices rose.
  • Stresemanm uses emergency powers

    This leads to resignation of SPD members of his cabinet and was followed by the Beer Hall Putsch, a week later.
  • Munich/Beer Hall Putsch

    Hilter tried to overthrow Bavaria's government,by surrounding a beer hall, containing Lossow and Kahr,with 600 of his private army (the SA).Hitler proclaimed a national government forcing Lossow and Kahr to support it,Lundendorff(patron of the Nazi party)expressed support giving credibility to the action.The next day the police prevented Hitler's march and Hilter was arrested.Hitler was sentenced to 5 years min. jail and was released the following month.Hitler's trial was highly public made hero