Unit 2, Chapters 5-8, Bri Wunder

  • Dec 11, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    The rights of Englishmen were first written in the Magna Carta (great charter).
  • Dec 9, 1497

    John Cabot

    John Cabot
    John Cabot set out from England with a crew of 18 men. They were searching for Asia by boat.
  • Dec 9, 1498

    Lost Forever

    Lost Forever
    Cabot sailed west from England, hoping to reach Japan, but was never seen again.
  • Dec 9, 1500

    Tension

    Tension
    Tension between Catholics and Protestants began in France.
  • Period: Dec 9, 1500 to

    Prevailing England

    The proud English continued to defeat the Spanish. The Queen was a strong defender of the Protastent faith,
  • Period: Dec 9, 1500 to

    Religious Wars

    Religious wars swept through Holland, France, and Germany and spilled into America.
  • Period: Dec 10, 1500 to Dec 10, 1530

    Slave Trade

    African American slave trade was part of the Atlantic world. They were used for farm labor.
  • Dec 9, 1517

    Johann Tetzel

    Johann Tetzel
    October 31, 1517, Johann Tetzel began selling 'forgiveness' from sins at the Christian church.
  • Dec 9, 1517

    Debate

    Debate
    The debate over buying forgiveness started from the development of the printing press.
  • Dec 9, 1524

    Verranzano

    Verrazano came from Italy and sailed west to look for the northwest passage. He worked for France.
  • Dec 10, 1564

    Fort Caroline

    Fort Caroline
    French colonists established Fort Caroline near what is now Jacksonville, FL.
  • Dec 9, 1578

    Francis Drake

    Francis Drake
    Drake sailed through the Strait of Magellan and up the coast of Peru.
  • England's First Colony

    England's First Colony
    England's first American colony, Roanoke Island, is made.
  • John White

    John White
    John White set sail with his daughter, son-in-law, and 100 man, women, and children.
  • Roanoke Colonists

    Roanoke Colonists
    In the summer of 1587, the colonists of Roanoke agreeded that White should return to England for supplies.
  • Spanish Armada

    Spanish Armada
    A Spanish Armada, in the summer of 1588, 130 ships, with 8,000 sailors, 19,000 soldiers, and hundreds of priests went to reconvert England to Catholocism.
  • Staying

    Staying
    White stayed in England to help defend his country from the Spanish.
  • No One Left

    No One Left
    When White returned to Roanoke, no one was there. To this day, no one knows what happened.
  • Samuel de Champlain

    Samuel de Champlain
    Samuel de Champlain - a French captain - went from the mouth of the Saint Lawrence River to Southern Massachusetts, exploring the Atlantic coast.
  • Period: to

    Tobacco Farms

    Thousands of immigrants came in response to the labor demands of the tobacco farms.
  • Period: to

    Servants

    There was only a small amount of African Americans in Virginia. The white and black servants worked together.
  • John Smith

    John Smith
    John Smith, a famed and experienced soldier and man of action talked to the king.
  • Charters

    Charters
    King James gave each company a charter to set up outposts in North America.
  • Ships

    Ships
    Three ships set sail with more than 100 men and boy volunteers, on an expedition to North America.
  • Tobacco Sales

    Tobacco Sales
    Virginia's population went up to 2500, raising tobacco sales.
  • Ships II

    Ships II
    The ships entered the calm waters of a huge bay: Chesapeake Bay.
  • Quebec

    Quebec
    New France began with Samuel Champlain's founding of Quebec.
  • Hurt

    Hurt
    Many of the men and boys were badly hurt from gunpowder explosions.
  • Death and Diseased

    Death and Diseased
    Most of the rest were sick or dead from eating mice/rat infested food. 60 out of the origanal 835 survived.
  • Separatists

    Separatists
    Two years after settlement in Jamestown, Separatists moved to the city of Lieden in Holland.
  • Henry Hudson

    Henry Hudson
    Henry Hudson (coming from Holland) tried to find a route to China.
  • Servents

    Servents
    20 Africans became servents.
  • Laws

    Laws
    The House of Burgesses makes laws for the colony.
  • Period: to

    Population

    The population in Virginnia went from 600 to 2000.
  • Mayflower

    Mayflower
    The Mayflower arrived off Cape Cod on Massachusetts' coast.
  • Period: to

    Population Increase

    New England's population was at 500 in the beginning of the 1620s, but after people started fleeing from England, the population got much bigger.
  • Blessings of Good Harvest

    Blessings of Good Harvest
    Plymouth settlement celebrated Blessings of Good Harvest by holding a 3 day clebration.
  • Anthony Johnson

    Anthony Johnson
    African american, Anthony Johnson, was sold to Virginia's highest bidder and became an indentured servant.
  • Indentured Servants

    Indentured Servants
    New Amsterdam included African indentured servants.
  • Massachusetts Bay Company

    Massachusetts Bay Company
    The Massachusetts Bay Company had been given a royal charter to settle land in New England.
  • Population Double

    Population Double
    In March of 1630, 11 ships carrying 700 passengers, 240 cows, and 60 horses, arrived in New England. That more than doubled the population of New England.
  • Period: to

    Puritan Families

    Thousands of Puritan families came from England to America.
  • Period: to

    English Colonies

    In the mid 1600s, two clusters of English Colonies were in New England and the lowlands around Chesapeake Bay.
  • Period: to

    Colonization Slow Down

    English colonization nearly stopped as a result of war and turmoil in England.
  • Maryland

    Maryland
    Maryland was established by Lord Baltimore as a refuge for Catholics fleeing English prosecution.
  • Harvard

    Harvard
    Harvard College was founded in 1636.
  • Fertile Land

    Fertile Land
    Thomas Hooker, a minister, moved to Conneticut Valley after finding an abunduce of fertile land there.
  • Anne Hutchinson

    Anne Hutchinson
    Anne Hutchinson moved to Rhode (formorly called Rogue) Island for religious freedom.
  • Dead Beavers

    Dead Beavers
    All of the beavers in Hudson Valley were killed by trapping.
  • War!

    War!
    A civil war started when a Puritan rebellian rose up against Charles I.
  • William Berkeley

    William Berkeley
    William Berkeley (a cavalier) became the govenor of Virginia.
  • Peter Stuyvesant

    Peter Stuyvesant
    In May, a Dutch ship arrived in a New Amsterdam harbour, carring the new govenor - Peter Stuyvesant, a cranky, strong-willed man.
  • Period: to

    Puriatn Rule

    After defeating and beheading the king [Charles I], Puritans ruled England.
  • Quakers

    Quakers
    "Quakers", a Puritan group, challenged common wealth.
  • Navigation Acts

    Navigation Acts
    England's policy, Navigation Acts:
    1. All shipping was to be in English ships or in ships made in the English colonies
    2. Products such as tobacco, sugar, and cotton could be sold only to England or to another colony
    3. All European imports to the colonies had to pass through England first
    4. English tax officials are to collect duties (taxes) on any colonial goods not being shipped to England
  • Jewish Arrivals

    Jewish Arrivals
    Suspicious of all non-Christians, Stuyvesant barely allowed the arrival of 23 Jewish settlers.
  • Expansion

    Expansion
    Wanting to expand, New Netherland attacked New Sweden.
  • New Amsterdam

    New Amsterdam
    One out of every five people in New Amsterdam are African American.
  • Hard Freedom

    Hard Freedom
    Starting in 1660, it became harder for African Americans to gain freedom.
  • Period: to

    Changing Labor Systems

    The labor systems began to change in the 1660s, and by 1700, there were few whitee servants on plantations.
  • Period: to

    English and Dutch

    France became concerned about growing numbers of English and Dutch colonists.
  • Surrender

    Surrender
    Peter Stuyvesant was disgusted with New Amsterdam for surrendering without a fight.
  • African Decent

    African Decent
    Fewer than 500 people of African decent had been brought into the colonies.
  • Period: to

    La Salle

    La Salle became the first Frenchman to travel south. He took notes as the Seneca told him about their homeland.
  • Charleston

    Charleston
    The first settlers in between Virginia and Spanish Florida built Charlestown. It was for timber, cattle, and trading with Indians for deerskin.
  • Southerners

    Southerners
    Only six percent of southerners were black in the 1670s.
  • Period: to

    Export and Slavery

    The southern colonies moved towards plantation agriculture and depended on growing crops for export and slavery.
  • Period: to

    Change

    In the late 1600s, New England began to change from it's Puritan ways. Most of New England was also centered around the church.
  • Beaver Skins

    Beaver Skins
    By 1670, Iroquois trappers were taking over one million pounds of beaver skins to the Albany trading post each year.
  • Period: to

    Backcountry

    Many families moved to the backcountry to escape plantaion agriculture.
  • "The Great Water"

    "The Great Water"
    Indians were telling of a 'great water' that emptied into an even larger one. Missionary priest, Jaques Marquette, and fur trader Louis Jolliet, went searching for the truth.
  • Land War

    Land War
    Puritan colonies warred with New England Indians over land.
  • Challenge

    Challenge
    The fist major challenge to England's authority came from Virginia in 1676.
  • Granted

    Granted
    The king of France, Louis XIV, granted La Salle's request.
  • Great Lakes

    Great Lakes
    La Salle crossed the Great Lakes by boat.
  • Companions

    Companions
    In December of 1681, La Salle set off with 23 French colonists and 31 Indians, including ten women and three infants.
  • Pennsylvania

    Pennsylvania
    William Penn was granted a tract of land, in which he founded Pennsylvania.
  • Set Out

    Set Out
    La Salle set out from France to establish a hold on the Misssissippi Delta.
  • Persecution

    Persecution
    The king of France was persecuting French protestants (also known as Hugenots), and thousands were forced to leave France.
  • Rebellion

    Rebellion
    A group of La Salle's followers rebelled against him and they killed him just north of the Brazos River in Texas.
  • War Between Two

    War Between Two
    France began to war against the League of Six.
  • Catholic

    Catholic
    The king was planning to make England catholic again.
  • Germantown

    Germantown
    In Germantown, Pennsylvania, a group of Quakers used the Biblical golden rule to condemn slavery and slave trade: "There is a saying, that we shall do to all men like as we will be done ourselves; making no difference of what generation, decent, or color they are. And those who steal or rob men, and those who buy or purchase them, are they not all alike?"
  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    English Bill of Rights was a new bill passed by parliamnet. These were the rules:
    1: No taxation without the consent of parliament
    2: No cruel or injust punishment
    3: Free speech in parliamnet
    4: No imprisionment without a trial
    5: The right to petition
    6: The right to bear arms
    7: The right to trial by jury
  • World Domination

    World Domination
    France and England went to war in the first of their struggles for world domination.
  • Period: to

    King William's War

    The Iroquois defended the English frontier against France and their Indian allies.
  • New Charter

    New Charter
    The Crown forced a new charter on Massachusetts.
  • Cotton Mather

    Cotton Mather
    Cotton Mather helped cause a panic of 'witchcraft'. Hundreds of peole were killed because they were accused of witchcraft, and/or dealing with the devil.
  • Attack!

    Attack!
    In March 1697, 20 Indians attacked Haverhill, Massachusetts, killing men, women, children, infants, elders, and anyone else in their path. They took whoever didn't resist to be sold as slaves to France.
  • Women and Rights

    Women and Rights
    It was more common for women to claim for themselves "the rights of Englishmen".
  • Govenors

    Govenors
    Colonial governments all followed a similar pattern, they were all ruled by governors.
  • Rooted

    Rooted
    Slavery was still strongly rooted in southern America.
  • Three Colonies

    Three Colonies
    In the 1700s, there were three colonies: New England, Middle, and Southern.
  • More Black

    More Black
    The population of black in the south went up to more than twenty percent.
  • Sea Work

    Sea Work
    Ship building, fishing, and trade caused Boston to become the richest and largest of all the American colonial towns.
  • Piracy

    Piracy
    During the 1700s, piracy levels were beginning to gradually decline.
  • Learnable Languages

    Learnable Languages
    All the languages that you could learn in Pennsylvania in the 1700s were: English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Latin, Greek, Hebrew, and Arabic.
  • More Room

    More space was found in the backcountry along and around the Appalachian Mountains in the 1700s.
  • Scots-Irish

    Scots-Irish
    A new group of people came to the backcountry from England. They were the Scots-Irish.
  • Huge Population

    Huge Population
    By 1700, the population of New France was 15,000. In 92 years, it had gained 15k.
  • Period: to

    Queen Anne's War

    Queen Anne's War did not change the balance of power in North America.
  • Merge

    Merge
    England and Scotland merged to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • Four Kings

    Four Kings
    Royal visitors came to London, England from America in 1710. They were Mohawk Indians, but known as the "Four Kings".
  • Christopher Hussey

    Christopher Hussey
    When a storm pushed Christopher Hussey out to sea, he stopped in the middle of a group of breaching sperm whales. He killed one of them, and when he returned to land, he found that the whale's oil made excellent candle oil.
  • Edward Teach

    Edward Teach
    Off the Carolina coast, Edward Teach - more commonly known as Blackbeard, a ruthless pirate - was captured and beheaded.
  • Jean Baptistede Bienville

    Jean Baptistede Bienville
    Jean Baptistede Bienville overlooked the French settlements in south Louisiana, including New Orleans.
  • Belonging

    Belonging
    By 1720, 25 percent of New England's popualtion belonged to a church.
  • Period: to

    Ships

    In the 1720s, Pennsylvania had dozens of large shipyards, leading the colonies into shipbuilding in the 1750s.
  • Smallpox

    Smallpox
    Cotton Mather led a campaign in New England for the inoculation of smallpox.
  • League of Six

    League of Six
    The five nations of Cayoga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, and Seneca, became the League of Six, as they added Tuscarora to the league.
  • Carolina

    Carolina
    The crown took over Carolina from it's proprietors and seperated it into North and South Carolina.
  • William Cosby

    William Cosby
    The New York govenor, William Cosby, took bribes, sold property that wasn't his, rigged elections, and tampered with courts.
  • Georgia

    Georgia
    Georgia was founded as a military outpost and buffer against Spanish Florida.
  • Election Defeat

    Election Defeat
    William Cosby's supporters were defeated in a city election.
  • Andrew Hamilton

    Andrew Hamilton
    The best lawyer in America, Andrew Hamilton, defended Cosby's opponent, John Peter Zenger, in trial.
  • Poem

    Poem
    "More freedom give to womenkind, or give to mankind less."
  • Traveling Ministers

    Traveling Ministers
    Ministers went from town to town holding revival meetings and urging people to return to their faith.
  • Eliza Lucas

    Eliza Lucas
    Eliza Lucas began selling the best quality indigo dyes.
  • Period: to

    King George's War

    King George's War did not change the balance of power in North America.
  • Slavery

    Slavery
    After protest, slavery was unbanned, and plantations with slavery caused the colonies to expand rapidly.
  • Growing Population

    Growing Population
    The growing population in the colonies helped shift the balance of power between France and England.
  • Up Against Much More

    Up Against Much More
    The French colonists numbered barely 80,000, compared to over 1,000,000 British.
  • Message

    Message
    A message from Virginia's government went to the French whose forts were on the Ohio River Valley.
  • Meeting

    Meeting
    to discuss the relations with the Iroquois, the British called a meeting in Albany.
  • George Washington

    George Washington
    To drive the French from the Upper Ohio Valley, 22 year old George Washington led a single file line of 132 soldiers to Alexandria, Virginia.
  • General Edward Braddock

    General Edward Braddock
    George Washington failed to drive the French from the Ohio River Valley, and the second attempt was led by General Edward Braddock in 1755.
  • Period: to

    Seven Years War

    The Seven Years War between Britain and France, caused them to fight in Europe, India, and North America. The Seven Years War, as it is known in France, is often called The French Revolution, in the United States.
  • William Pitt

    William Pitt
    William Pitt became Britian's secretary of state and virtual prime minister.
  • Capture

    Capture
    The British captured the important French fort at Louisbourg.
  • James Wolfe

    James Wolfe
    Britain's James Wolfe sailed up the Saint Lawrence River to attack French Quebec.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The Seven Years War ended with the Treaty of Paris.
  • Phillis Wheatley

    Phillis Wheatley
    A book of Phillis Wheatley's poems was published.