1600s - 1700s By valjeanman 1601 Sir Walter Raleigh Expedition Sir Walter Raleigh established the failed English colony on Roanoke Island in the Americas Mar 14, 1602 Captain Bartholomew Gosnold The first Englishman to land on the New England coast exploring and later naming the Cape Cod and Martha's Vineyard. 1606 Virginia Company of London A joint-stock-company founded and granted a Royal Charter by James I. May 14, 1607 Jamestown Founded The first permanent English settlement established in southeast Virginia Apr 6, 1609 Henry Hudson Expedition English explorer Henry Hudson's first successful voyage to the Americas, later exploring the Delaware Bay and Hudson River. Apr 17, 1610 Henry Hudson 2nd Voyage Upon the Discovery, Hudson sets sail for America again and discovered Hudson Bay. 1612 Map of Virgina Captain John Smith publishes the first detailed map of the Chesapeake Bay region. Apr 5, 1614 Pocahontas Married Pocahontas marries colonist John Rolfe Jul 30, 1619 The House of Burgesses The first representative assembled in America meets for the first time in Virginia. Dec 11, 1620 The Plymouth Colony First colony established by Pilgrims from England in Massachusetts Mar 2, 1622 Beginning of the Indian War Jamestown is attacked by Powhatan and the colonies begin the plunge into a long war. 1624 New Amsterdam Founded Established by the Dutch West India Company Mar 27, 1625 King James 1 Dies Replaced by Charles I. 1627 Plymoth Colony Trading The Plymouth Colony for the first time. Mar 18, 1629 Massachusetts Bay Established King Charles I signs a royal charter establishing the Massachusetts Bay. Apr 8, 1630 Immigration Wave from England The Winthrop Fleet, led by John Winthrop. Oct 8, 1633 First Town Government Organized The first town government is organized in the city of Dorchester. Jul 20, 1636 War between Plymouth, Saybrook, Pequot Indians War begins after the death of New England trader John Oldham. Jan 14, 1639 Governments Created throughout the Colonies The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, describing the government set up by towns. 1643 The New England Confederation Known as the United Colonies of New England, a confederation of Connecticut, Massachusetts, Plymouth, and New Hampshire 1645 Narragansett Indians Peace Treaty This ended four years of warfare. Jan 30, 1649 King Charles I Executed Executed for high treason Apr 5, 1650 Maryland New Government Maryland is allowed to have a bicameral legislature by order of Lord Baltimore. 1652 Maine in Massachusetts Bay Boundaries Massachusetts general court rules that the territory of Maine lies within the boundaries ending Maine's immediate hopes of independence. 1656 Quakers Massachusetts Bay Colony Puritans whip, imprison and banish the first Quakers to arrive in the colony. 1658 Quaker Meetings The legislation bars Quakers from holding their services. 1661 Quaker Persecution After a royal edict requires the Massachusetts authorities to release imprisoned Quakers and return them to England. 1664 Maryland Mandating Law Lifetime servitude for black slaves. Sep 8, 1664 New Amsterdam to New York After Governor Peter Stuyvesant's surrender to English forces. 1665 English tightened Slave Law State laws allowing conversion and residence without freeing the slaves May 2, 1670 Hudson Bay Company Hudson's Bay Company is chartered. May 17, 1673 Marquette and Joliet Expedition Traveling 2500 miles from Lake Michigan down the Mississippi to the Arkansas River. 1675 Massachusetts War with the Indians The Massachusetts settlements of Deerfield experience the first of three raids from the Indians 1676 King Philip's War It begins when King Philip leads an attack in retaliation for the Plymouth colony's execution of three Wampanoag tribe members. Apr 12, 1678 Sir Edmond Andros Peace Treaty Sir Edmond Andros makes peace after King Philip was betrayed and killed. Mar 4, 1681 Pennsylvania Founded William Penn receives a charter for land on which he will found Pennsylvania. 1683 William Penn Peace Treaty Penn and Native Americans negotiate a peace treaty at Shackamaxon under what is called the Treaty Elm 1684 Massachusetts Bay Colony Revoked Charter This ends the requirement of church membership for voting. 1686 Governor Edmund Andros Abusement of Power Limited the number of town meetings in New England, place militia under his direct control, and forced Puritans and Anglicans to worship together in the Old South Church. Jul 25, 1689 Governor Andros Stands Trial Ordered back to England to stand trial, and the colonies reestablish their previous systems of government. 1690 French and Indian War Begins Called King William's War. Areas are burned by French and Native Americans and Massachusetts colonists capture Port Royal. 1693 The College of William and Mary is founded. The second college is founded. 1697 Witchcraft Uncovered Massachusetts general court expresses official repentance for the witchcraft trials. 1699 The Peace Treaty at Casco Bay Brought hostilities between the Abenaki Indians and the Massachusetts colony to an end. 1700 Colonies Population Increase The Anglo population reaches 275,000.