Unit 1 and 2 By davechavezzz 1492 Columbus 1st Voyage This first was the first of several for Christopher Columbus as he discovered the Americas. 1493 Columbus 2nd Voyage Shortly after his first voyage, Christopher Columbus needed to learn more about the natives, thus going on his second trip back to the Americas. 1498 Columbus 3rd Voyage The third time is the charm. 1502 Columbus 4th Voyage This was the final voyage made by Columbus before he died in 1506. Period: 1519 to 1521 Cortez conquers the Aztecs. The fierce natives of the Aztecs were attacked and destroyed by the Spaniards. Period: 1565 to 1611 Henry Hudson Henry Hudson was an English navigator who discovered the Hudson River. He was sent off his ship because his crew went against him. Period: 1585 to 1587 Roanoke Island Colony Fails The members of the colonies sent out Sir Walter Raleigh founded the first English settlement in North America in August 1585 but not being able to achieve anything causing them to return to England. Period: Jan 12, 1587 to Mar 26, 1649 John Winthrop Winthrop was a lawyer who was one of the key figures in the Massachusetts Bay Colony and founded the New England area. Period: 1603 to 1683 Roger Williams The English clergyman was removed from Massachusetts for the questioning of the Puritan religion. He then went on to find Rhode Island. 1607 Jamestown, Virginia was founded The colony, privately funded by the Virginia Company and led by English mercenary Captain John Smith established the town. 1619 First Africans arrive in Virginia An English Ship known as the "White Lion" delivered the first African slaves in exchange for food and some into captivity. 1619 Virginia House of Burgesses Formed The Virginia House was create by the General Assembly located in Virginia. 1620 Pilgrims found Plymouth, MA The Plymouth colony was discovered by a group of Puritan Separatists who were then became known to be Pilgrims in the years to come. 1620 William Bradford He was an English Puritan who was trying to escape his death by riding to the Plymouth Colony on the Mayflower. 1630 Puritan migration to Massachusetts Freedom of religion was not allowed to other settlers even though the Pilgrims clearly showed that they came to America for that same reason. 1634 Calverts found Maryland George Calert founded Maryland in 1632, but it was not after his death in 1634 that Cecilius, his son, would officially name Maryland after the wife of King Charles the 1st, Henrietta Maria. Period: 1635 to 1637 Pequot Indian War, Maryland The Pequot Indian War in Maryland started between the Pequot tribe and the English. The English wanted to end the trade between the Dutch settlers and the Pequots fur. 1638 Anne Hutchinson convicted of heresy Anne was one of the most famous of for her feminist beliefs which caused her to be banished and move out to Rhode Island. 1639 Fundamental Orders of Connecticut The Fundamental Orders was an colonial constitution that established a rule of law for three towns. Period: 1642 to 1651 English Civil War The Parliamentarians were going up against the Royalists in the English government. Period: Oct 14, 1644 to Jul 30, 1718 William Penn William Penn was the founder of the colony known as Pennsylvania and also a big influencer of the Quakers. Period: Jan 2, 1647 to Oct 26, 1676 Nathaniel Bacon He was a colonist in Virginia who was famous for starting the Rebellion of 1676 which had fallen after his death 1651 First Navigation Act The first act was meant to tighten the government's control over the trade between the New World and the Old World. 1664 English conquer New Netherlands The English finally made the Dutch settlers in New Netherlands to surrender. Period: 1675 to 1676 King Philip’s (Metacomet) War This was the last effort for the Native Americans. They attacked the English to make them stop hurting their people and their lands. 1676 Bacon’s Rebellion The Bacon’s rebellion was led by Nathaniel Bacon against Governor Berkeley. This was the first fight between the colonies. 1682 Pennsylvania Settled William Penn was the first man to settle in Pennsylvania thus naming the state after himself. Period: 1688 to 1689 English Glorious Revolution and Bill of Rights It was a law passed by Parliament that declared the rights and liberties of the people. 1691 Massachusetts becomes a royal colony The royal government of England had taken over the Plymouth Colony, the Maine Colony, and the Massachusetts Bay Colony. 1692 Salem witch hunts The witch trials had spread all around the colonies, but were prominent in Salem. Period: 1702 to 1713 Queen Anne’s War The Queen Anne’s War was the place where the French Indian War was fought. 1707 England, Wales, and Scotland unite into the UK The United Kingdom came about because of the Acts of Union. Period: 1714 to 1727 George I’s Reign King George I was the King of both Great Britian and Ireland. 1727 George II's reign King George the 2nd ruled over Hanover, which was apart of the Holy Roman Empire at the time. 1733 Georgia founded The name of the king at the time, George the 2nd, was used for the naming of Georgia. James Edward Oglethorpe, and twenty one other men created the new colony. 1735 John Peter Zenger trial The John Peter Zenger trial was set because Zenger was testing his freedom of press in America. 1739 Stono Rebellion The largest uprising of slaves had occured in South Carolina thus killing twenty five white people and around 40 slaves. Period: 1744 to 1748 King George’s War The King George's War was the military operations in North America that formed part of the War of the Austrian Succession. 1754 Albany Congress The Albany Congress was a meeting between the seven colonies in British America featuring: Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire.