England in the Americas

  • Jan 2, 1509

    Henry VIII

    Henry VIII ruled England 1509-1547. He was also know as "one of the most charismatic rulers to sit on the English throne."Henry VIII started the biggest invasions of France, leading him to being able to protect England by increasing tships from 5 to 60.
  • Jan 15, 1559

    Elizabeth I

    Daughter of Henry VIII, she ruled England by the age of 25.Because she never had any children of her own, she was the last monarch of the Tudor Dynasty.
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    Chartered by Queen Elizabeth I and founded by Sir Walter Raleigh, this was one of the first British colonies in America. The site is in modern-day North Carolina, and the disappearance of this colony is still a mystery to this day.
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    The reign of James I and VI of Scotland

    James ruled over Scotland and England from 1603-1625. James was the king when the pilgrim fathers sailed for America.
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    Virginia (Colony)

    Though not formed as a refuge, Virginia's religious freedom drew many people from different religions. Virginia was a huge plantation colony, and slaves were extremely important to the economy. It was one of the colonies to help found America.
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    A group of people called the Virginia Company settled in Virginia as one of the first British colonies in America. They were almost wiped out due to conflict with the Native Americans and famine, but were saved by ship with more people and supplies.
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    Plymouth Colony

    The famous pilgrims sailed to America seeking separation from the Church of England. They landed at Plymouth rock and started another of the first
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    King Charles I

    Charles believed that he ruled be divine rights. Charles didn't believe that the colonies were loyal to him. The king frequently used his right to interfere with the domestic concerns of the colonies.
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    New York (Colony)

    New York was established in 1626 by the Duke of York and other colonists on Manhattan Island. It was a colony of religious freedom, acting as a refuge for religious people persecuted by the British crown. It was one of the colonies that would later become an American state.
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    Massachusetts (Colony)

    Massachusetts was founded by Puritans looking to escape the harsh intolerance of the British church and government. The famous Mayflower, holding the Pilgrims, landed here and founded it. It was a colony that would later become one of the states of America.
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    Maryland (Colony)

    Like many of the other colonies, Maryland was a religious refuge, but this colony was mainly for Baptists, Anglicans, and Catholics. Maryland was a plantation colony, exporting things such as tobacco. This was one of the original thirteen colonies that would later help found America.
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    Connecticut (Colony)

    Originally known as the River Colony, it was a refuge for Puritan settlers fleeing England. The British and the Dutch fought for ownership of this colony in the beginning, but the British won early on. It was one of the thirteen original colonies that would later found America.
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    Rhode Island (Colony)

    Rhode Island was strictly Puritan
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    Delaware (Colony)

    Once again, Delaware was a refuge of religious freedom for people fleeing the religious prosecution of the British crown. It was known as one of the breadbasket colonies due to its large production of wheat. This colony was one of the original thirteen to later help found America.
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    New Hampshire (Colony)

    This colony was founded by Puritans seeking refuge from the intolerable British government. It was another British colony that would later become an American state.
  • Charles II

    Charles II was also know as the Merry Monarch. The Great London Fire happened during his time of ruling, burning 1300 houses down.
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    South Carolina (Colony)

    Once again, South Carolina wasn't founded as a religious refuge, but did have religious freedom. Like Virginia, South Carolina was a plantation colony, and slaves were hugely important to its economy. It was one of the original colonies that would later help found America.
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    New Jersey (Colony)

    Similar to Pennsylvania, New Jersey was founded as a religious refuge mainly for Quakers and Catholics. Both agriculture and manufacturing was abundant here, thought they mainly produced wheat. New Jersey was one of the colonies to help found America.
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    Pennsylvania (Colony)

    Pennsylvania was yet another religious refuge for people of many religions fleeing England. It was a place of religious freedom, dominated mostly by Quakers and Catholics. Many crops were grown here, the most notable of which was wheat. This was one of the colonies that would later help found America.
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    James II and VII

    King James showed great interest in colonial voyages. He was granted American territory between the Delaware and Connecticut rivers. Of the 10 monarchs who ruled in London during the colonial period, James was the most directly involved in American affairs.
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    William III and Mary II

    William and Mary signed the English bill of rights, which ultimately lead to the American colonies revolting again King James II. These revolts took place in Massachusetts, New York and Maryland.
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    Queen Anne

    queen Anne was the British monarch at the time of the conflicts that took place during Queen Anne's war.
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    Queen Anne's War

    Queen Anne's war was the second series of battles and conflicts taking place in the French and Indian wars. This war was an effect of the war of the Spanish succession in Europe. Along the coasts of the New York and New England borders, American colonial settlements were raided by French forces.
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    King George I

    King George I was the British Monarch from 1714 to 1727. He had almost no impact over the American colonies.
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    Vermont (Colony)

    Vermony became a colony in 1724 when the first permanent British settlement was established as a fort. Vermont was claimed by both the colonies of New Hampshire and New York. Though not one of the thirteen original colonies of America, it would later become an American state.
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    King George II

    King George aligned himself with Prussia in 1754 because he feared the hostility between France and Britain over the colonization of North America.
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    Edmund Burke

    Edmund Burke was an Irish political theorist and philosopher. He served in the House of commons in London as a member of parliament in the Whig party. He is most well known for this quote:
    "The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing."
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    Georgia (Colony)

    Very similar to Virginia, South Carolina, and North Carolina, Georgia has religious freedom and was an major plantation colony. It also relied very heavily on slave trade.
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    7 Years War-(French and Indian War)

    This was the North American conflict that occurred during the 7 years war between Great Britain and France. Ended with the treaty of Paris in 1763. This war drained Europe's treasury and caused them to increase taxes in the American colonies.
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    Maine (colony)

    France and England fought over this territory until 1750, when the French were defeated in the French and Indian War. Maine was considered a part of Massachusetts for a time. It became a British colony that was not among America's thirteen originals, but it did later become a state.
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    King George III

    King George III was the British monarch during the American Revolution. In 1773, he passed an act taxing tea in the colonies. The Americans complained of taxation without representation, and in 1775, the American Revolution began with the Battle of Lexington and Concord.
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    The American Revolution

    A political revolution that took place between 1765 and 1783 in which the American colonies declared themselves free of the British monarch. France entered the revolution on the side of the colonists, and eventually, in 1781, the Americans had won their independence,
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    North Carolina (Colony)

    Settlers from Virginia moved into the area of Albemarle Sound as early as 1650, and by 1663, King Charles II granted a charter to start a new colony. (North Carolina)North Carolina's main exports included Tobacco, wheat and corn. It was one of the colonies that originally founded America.