n 1492, a Spanish-based transatlantic maritime expedition led by Christopher Columbus encountered the Americas, continents which were largely unknown in Europe and outside the Old World political and economic system. The four voyages of Columbus began the Spanish colonization of the Americas.
Cortes conquers the Aztecs
The Spanish conquest of the Aztecs is one of the first major colonization's of Spain in the Americas.
Henry Hudson was an English sea explorer and navigator during the early 17th century, best known for his explorations of present-day Canada and parts of the northeastern United States.
Roanoke Island colony fails
The colony failed because the Englishmen simply did not know how to survive on their own in the New World. The island was deserted when John White came back with supplies but no trace of life was found.
Anne Hutchinson (July 1591 – August 1643) was a Puritan spiritual adviser and mother of 15
Roger Williams was born 21 December 1603–1683 was a Puritan minister, English Reformed theologian, and Reformed Baptist who founded the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
Jamestown, Virginia founded
The founding of Jamestown, America’s first permanent English colony was 13 years before the Pilgrims at Plymouth. The government, language, customs, beliefs and aspirations of these early Virginians are all part of the United States’ heritage today.
First Africans arrive in Virginia
Virginia's first Africans arrived at Point Comfort, on the James River. These Africans were the first of the slave trade sold into Jamestown.
Virginia House of Burgesses formed
Governor George Yeardley immediately gave notice that the Virginia colony would establish a legislative assembly. This assembly was called the House of Burgesses.
Pilgrims found Plymouth, MA
Plymouth Colony (sometimes New Plymouth) was an English colonial venture in North America. It was one of the earliest successful colonies to be founded by the English in North America, along with Jamestown and other settlements in Virginia, and was the first sizable permanent English settlement in the New England region.
Puritans migration to Massachusetts
English migration to Massachusetts consisted of a few hundred pilgrims who went to Plymouth Colony in the 1620s and between 13,000 and 21,000 emigrants who went to the Massachusetts Bay Colony between 1630 and 1642.
Calverts found Maryland
King Charles grants a charter to George Calvert giving him the land now called Maryland.
Pequot Indian War, Maryland
Efforts to control fur trade access resulted in a series of escalating incidents and attacks that increased tensions between the Natives and the Colonists of New England. The Indians lost and the Pequot tribe was named extinct.
Anne Hutchinson convicted of Heresy
First woman to stand trial in court in Puritan court. She was convicted of heresy because she had the guts to speak and teach men about God.
Fundamental orders of Conneticut
The fundamental orders describe the government set up by the Connecticut River towns, setting its structure and powers. They wanted the government to have access to the open ocean for trading.
English Civil War
A series of conflicts between Royalists and Parliment. The outcome was the destruction of Charles the First.
William Penn was the son of Sir William Penn, and was an English nobleman, writer, early Quaker, and founder of the English North American colony the Province of Pennsylvania.
A colonist of the Virginia Colony, famous as the instigator of Bacon's Rebellion of 1676, which collapsed when Bacon himself died.
King William and Queen Mary
n 1688 they were invited by the parliamentary opposition to Mary’s father James II to take the crown on England and were assured of English support. William landed at Torbay on 5 November 1688, in 463 ships unopposed by the Royal Navy, and with an army of 14,000 troops which gathering local support grew to over 20,000 and advanced on London in what became known as ‘The Glorious Revolution’.
First Navigation Act
Acts of Parliament intended to promote the self-sufficiency of the British Empire by restricting colonial trade to England and decreasing dependence on foreign imported goods.
English conquer new Netherlands
The Dutch surrendereed without a fight to the British navy. The Dutch did not want a conflict.
King Philip's War, MA
King Philip's war was fought between the English colonists of New England and a group of Native American tribes. The war was devastating for Native Peoples. Took years for the colonists to recover from the loss of Life.
Bacon's Rebellion was an armed rebellion in 1676 by Virginia settlers led by Nathaniel Bacon against the rule of Governor William Berkeley. 1000 Virginians of all classes and races rose up in arms against Berkeley, attacking Indians, chasing Berkeley from Jamestown, Virginia, and ultimately torching the capital. Government forces from England arrived soon after and spent several years defeating pockets of resistance
In 1681, William Penn established a colony based on religious tolerance; it was settled by many Quakers along with its chief city Philadelphia, which was also the first planned city.
English Glorious Revolution and the Bill of Rights
In England, during the Glorious Revolution of 1688, King James II abdicated and fled the country. He was succeeded by his daughter Mary and her Dutch husband, William of Orange. Before William and Mary could be proclaimed king and queen they had to agree to accept the Bill of Rights, which they did in February 1689.
Massachusetts becomes a royal colony
The colony became a Royal colony because it was distant from Parliment. The crown, not parliament ending up ruling over royal colonies. This caused a heavy tax on goods in Massuchusetts causing conflict.
Salem witch hunts
Young girls came forward to the town about being controlled by witches. These witches were innocent women accused of a crime that was never committed. Over 15 people died and 200 were imprisoned wrongly.
Queen Anne's War
This was a war between the Indians and English Colonies following the death of King Charles the second
George the First's reign
Was King of Great Britain and Ireland. During George's reign, the powers of the monarchy diminished and Britain began a transition to the modern system of cabinet government led by a prime minister.
England, Wales and Scotland unite into the UK
They all joined Britain in attempt to show unity between the nations.
The charter was given by Charles the Second established Georgia.
First Great Awakening
Was a series of Christian revivals that swept Britain and its Thirteen Colonies between the 1730s and 1740s. The revival movement permanently affected Protestantism as adherents strove to renew individual piety and religious devotion.
John Peter Zenger trial
This case led to the freedom of press in our Constitution.
Stono Rebellion, NC
A slave rebllion in south carolina.
King George's War
King George's War is the name given to the military operations in North America that formed part of the War of the Austrian Succession. It was the third of the four French and Indian Wars. It took place primarily in the British provinces of New York, Massachusetts Bay.
Was a meeting of representatives sent by the legislatures of seven of the thirteen British colonies in British America: Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island.
George the second's reign
George exercised little control over British domestic policy, which was largely controlled by the Parliament of Great Britain.