Englishmen rights were first written in the Magna Carta (Great Charter).
Jan 1, 1400
It is believed that the debate of charging for the forginess of God and that it was wrong that was the development of the printing press in the 1400s.
Jan 1, 1497
John Cabot left England and sailed with a crew of 18.
Jan 1, 1498
Cabot from Englad
John Cabot, yet again, sailed from England with a hope to reach Japan, and he was never seen after that.
Jan 1, 1500
Religious wars broke out is Holland, France, and Germany.
Jan 1, 1500
Protestants and Catholics tension grows in the French country.
Jan 1, 1500
Being an Englishmen made many people proud of who they were. They had won and accomplished many things.
Jan 1, 1500
The Atlantic had slavery as a part of their world.
Oct 1, 1517
Johann Tetzel started to charge to be forgiven by God for their sins. Many were trying to "buy" their forgiveness.
Jan 1, 1524
Giovanni da Verrazzano
One of the first to look the Westward share was an Italian named Verrazzano. He sailed west to look for it at around this time.
Jan 1, 1547
King Henry Ⅷ
King Henry Ⅷ had wanted a divorce with his wife, Catherine, but the Pope wouldn't let it be done. So the King left the Catholic Church but made up the Church of England. He died in this year.
Jan 1, 1564
Fort Caroline was established by French colonist by where today is Jacksonville, Florida.
Sep 1, 1565
Pedro Menénedez de Avilés
Pedro Menénedez de Avilés, a Spaniard commander, had come to behead and to hang those who were Lutherans/Protestants by orders of his King, which the French were. Fort Caroline was immediately abandoned by the French because of him.
Jan 1, 1567
Francis Drake's ship was attacked by sailors from spain who had acted as friends to him at first but later on radied is ship.
Jan 1, 1578
Strait of Magellan
Francis Drake went through the Strait of Magellan and up the coast of Peru, which became the most well-known achievement.
England sets their first colony on Roanoke.
During the spring, White, sailed with 100 men, women, and children. His son-in-law and daughter had joined him too. He was an artist that caught the scenes of Roanoke.
Late summer John White departed from Roanoke so he could get supplies.
John White was suppose to go back to Roanoke, but couldn't because sailors and lots of other men were being taken to work against the Spanish Armada.
In the summer the Spanish Armada set out with its 130 ships.
John eventually went back to Roanoke, but was surprised to what he found. He found no one left in the settlement.
Samuel de Champlain
A French captain name Samuel de Champlain explored the Atlantic coast. All the way from the mouth part of the St. Lawrence river to where about Massachusetts is today.
There were two clusters of colonist. One was of New England and one of Chesapeake Tidewater.
Thousands of immigrants came to Maryland because of the great amount of work that could be found on tobacco farms.
Colonization of English in New England stopped because of civil war and turmoil in England.
Colonies on the south moved to plantation agriculture just when it was established in the West Indies.
Africans in Virginia
There was a small amount of Africans in Virginia.
Puritan New England was a society that was church-centered but then it changed.
John Smith had arrived back in England after he had escaped from slavery.
Each company was granted a written contract giving rights (charter) to set up ouposts in North America by King James.
In late December three ships set sail as John White as the supplier.
Virginia is founded.
The three ships arrived at great bay.
Samuel de Champlain made the first permanent French settlement where fur trading occurred on a site on the St. Lawrence river, Quebec.
Henry Hudson was hired by the Dutch merchants to look for a route to China. He sailed west and reached a river that now has his name.
Going Back to England
John Smith was hurt in a gunpowder exploion so he returned to England.
The Separatists moved from England to Leiden, Holland.
Truly and Englishman
Henry Hudson had sailed yet again to North America but this time he was sailing for his own country, England.
The population of Georgia is 600 people.
The first Africans of America were brought by a Dutch ship to Jamestown to work as indentured servants.
The House of Burgesses was created to make laws for the colony of Jamestown.
The population of New England was neraly 500
Iroquois trappers were hauling to the trading post to Albany a million pounds of beaver skins each year.
Massachusetts' coast the ship Mayflower arrive off Cape Cod.
The population grew to 2,000.
Anthony Johnson came to Virginia and was sold to the highest bidder as an indentured servant.
In fall season the first Thanksgiving was held. The Plymouth settlement was celebrating a great harvest with the Indians on a three-day celebration.
One-third of the colonist of Virginia were killed by the Powhatan and later were killed in return.
New Amsterdam was founded.
Thomas Morton was arrested and sent to England because of things he had done in Merrymount, neighbor of Plymouth.
Massachusetts Bay Company
The Massachusetts Bay Company was given a royal charter to settle land in New England.
New England Grows
The population of New England had grown because of different problems they didn't like about England. Thousands of families that were Puritan went to the Americas from England.
The Great Migration
11 ships with 700 passangers, 140 cows, and 60 horses had started the migration to New England.
Maryland is established.
Harvard College was founded to provide upcoming ministers.
Thomas Hooker, a minister, moved to Valley of Connecticut in search of more fertile land.
Roger Williams fled to Narragansett Bay and founded a colony with a small number of followers. It would eventually become Rhode Island.
Anne Hutchinson was banised from the colony and left to go to Rhode Island or also known as Rougue Island. It was a place where you could find freedom of religion.
Hudson Bay's beavers were all trapped.
Civil War started in England.
Virginia’s governor at the time was William Berkeley.
A new governor arrived in New Amsterdam in a Dutch ship, Peter Stuyvesant.
King Charles the first was beheaded.
Massachusetts commonwealth had a another problem (for them at least) and it was the Quakers. They were a Puritan group.
Peter Stuyvesant had not liked the idea that 23 Jewish settlers arrived since he thought that anyone not Chrstian was suspicious.
New Netherland attacked New Sweden because Peter Stuyvesant wanted to expand New Netherland.
New Amsterdam's population was one-fifth African American because they accepted indentured servants.
Puritans ruled until Charles the second stepped up and took over.
Became harder for African Americans to get freedom.
There were changes done to the labor system. The indentured servants of African descent gradually grew.
The French began worrying of the number of growing English Colonist.
The land that France owned expanded to the land around the great lakes and the St. Lawrence Valley.
Gift of Land
Helpers of King Charles the second were given what they asked, land.
Duke of York's ships arrived on New Amsterdam the colony surrendered without a fight.
The colony of Virginia had less than 500 descendants of Africans that were brought there.
The St. Lawrence was being rode by the Seneca Iroquois Indians in conoes headed to a French trading post outside of Montreal.
Winter of 1688-1689 La Salle a frenchman who was was the first person from his country to go south, took notes of what the Seneca told him about their homeland.
6% were black in the southern part of America.
Charlestown was built by the first settlers that had helped King Charles the second.
A missionary priest named Jacques Marquette along with fur trader, Louis Joliet, set out to find out if what the Indians said was true, if there actually was a "gret water" that emptied into an even larger one.
King Philip War
Puritan colonies fought against the New England Indians (Native Americans) because of land.
Virginia had become the first challenge in English authority.
King Louis ⅩⅣ
King Louis ⅩⅣ of France gave permission to La Salle to explore the Mississippi with the goal of colonization
A boat was used to cross the Great Lakes by La Salle.
La Salle's Journey.
23 French colonist along with 31 Indians joined La Salle to go on a journey.
Pennsylvania is founded.
Gulf of Mexico
La Salle's expedition led them to the Gulf of Mexico.
La Salle left France to claim Mississippi Delta.
Huguenots were being persecuted by the King of France.
La Salle's Death
La Salle was killed his enemies north of a river called Brazos River in Texas.
The king of England was making an effort on making everyone Catholics again.
Biblical Golden rule
Biblical Golden rule was used to condemn slavery and slave trade by Quakers in Germantown, Pennsylvania.
Bill of RIghts
The new rulers were forced to accept bill of rights passed by Parliament.
England and France went to war for the first time over their world empires.
War of the King
During King William's (1689-1697) War the Iroquois faught along side the English and against the French.
In a hill in the island near Massachusetts, Nantucket, there were a group a people and one pointed towards the ocean and said “There is a green pasture where our children’s grandchildren will go for bread,” which eventually came true.
The Crown forced a charter on Massachusetts.
Mather was believer of witchcraft started a panic in Massachusetts.
The King of France aprroved of settlemnts being done on the lower part of the Mississippi.
There were 3 colonies. The New England colony, the Middle colony, and the Southern colonies.
English Bill of Rights
The English Bill of Rights was followed by colonial governments.
There were a minor amount of white servants at around this time.
Boston was the largest and richest colonial towns because of the trading, shipbuilding, and fishing that was being done there.
The number of pirates became less and less.
Elbow room was located in Appalachian Mountains a.k.a. backcountry.
New France Population
New France's population became 15,000 around this time.
English Women were being given themselves rights of Englshmen and that was becoming more common.
Scots-Irish had come from England to the backcountry.
France had control over two major entrances to the interior of America which were the St. Lawrence River and the mouth of the Mississippi.
Queen Anne's War (1702-1713) and King George's War (1744-1748) didn't change North America's balance of power.
England and Scotland became one to be renamed as the United Kingdom of Great Britain.
The "Four Kings" who were Mohawk Indians were visiting England due to be involved by the rivalry between England France.
A man by the name of Christopher Hussey, was driven into the Atlantic Ocean.
Blackbeard was caught and beheaded off of Carolina coast.
Southern Louisiana French settlements which included New Orleans were over watched by Jean Baptiste Bienville.
About 25% of the population of New England were part of a church.
A dozen shipyards were located in Philadelphia.
The leader of the campaign for smallpox inoculation was Mather.
The League of Iroquois were six nations with Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca, and Tuscarora.
Benjamin Franklin was 17 when he set foot into the streets of Philadelphia
Carolina was takes over the Crown from its proprietors
William Cosby was the govenor of New York.
Georgia is founded.
Govenor supporters were defeated in city election.
Zenger was defended by Andrew Hamilton in his trial
The Great Awakening
The Great Awakening happened which were ministries going around scaring people of hell.
Strict laws that Oglethorpe had put were overturned.
Philadelphia became the shipbuilding leader.
English colonist growing population tipped off the balance of power between France and English.
George Washington was the one who was sent to carry a message from the governor of Virginia to the people whose forst were all over the Ohio Valley, the French.
The British wanted a meeting to discuss their relationship with the Iroquois.
George Washington, a 22 year old Virginian, was leading a single file of 132 soldiers to drive out the people from France out of the Ohio Valley.
George Washington was unable to complete his plan to drive out the French from the Ohio Valley. So General Edward Braddock tried ths time.
The French and Indian War also known around the as the Seven Years' War (1756-1763) which was a war in Fort Necessity.
The secretary of state and the virtual prime minister of Britain had become William Pitt.
The French forst in Louisbourg near the mouth of the St. Lawrence, Fort Duquesne and several others were taken by the British.
Battle of Quebec
The Battle of Quebec whould decide the fate of the Ohio Valley.
The Seven Years' War ended because of the Treaty of Paris.
Phillis Wheatley was a slave whose poems were published in a book around this time.