exploration and colonization era By William Abrams Aug 22, 1492 christopher columbus sets sail in 1492 christopher colombus sets sail from spain to find a faster route to china for trade. Period: Aug 22, 1492 to Jun 22, 1743 exploration and colonization era starts Jul 9, 1497 john cabot john cabot on his first voyage searching for the Northwest Passage. Jun 21, 1499 Amerigo Vespucci Amerigo Vespucci finds the South American Coast. Mar 6, 1507 “America” is first used in a book “America” is first used in a book, referring to the New World. Amerigo Vespucci receives credit for the discovery of the continent. Apr 25, 1513 landfall in Florida. Spaniard Ponce de Leon makes landfall in Florida. Oct 31, 1517 Protestant Reformation Protestant Reformation, led by Martin Luther is launched in Europe. Jun 26, 1519 texas Alonso de Pineda sails along the Texas coast. Apr 21, 1521 explorer Cortés Spanish explorer Cortés claims Mexico for spain May 1, 1524 Carolina Giovanni de Veranzo leads French expedition beginning in Carolina, and ending at Nova Scotia. Aug 21, 1524 Hudson River French sponsored navigator Giovanni da Verrazano discovers the Hudson River. Dec 26, 1526 South Carolina The first settlers from Hispaniola establish San Miguel de Guadalupe, now South Carolina. Oct 18, 1528 Cabeza de Vaca Cabeza de Vaca explores the Gulf coast, including both Florida and Texas. May 3, 1533 California Fortún Jiménez sent by Cortéz to explore Baja Peninsula and names the region California Sep 1, 1534 France to explore the New World. Jacques Cartier sails from France to explore the New World. Jan 29, 1539 Florida to California Hemano de Soto lands in Florida. Fransico de Ulba explores the California coast. . Marcos de Niza explored New Mexico and Arizona in search of gold. May 23, 1540 Rio Grande. FranciscoVasquez de Coronado explores the southwest, north of the Rio Grande.. Jul 17, 1541 Mississippi River Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto explores the Mississippi River. Jun 23, 1542 Juan Rodiquez Cabrillo Juan Rodiquez Cabrillo enters current day California Jan 2, 1554 Sir Walter Raleigh Sir Walter Raleigh is born. Sep 22, 1564 Fort Caroline The French establish a colony at Fort Caroline in Florida. Aug 21, 1565 first European Colony Spain establishes the first European Colony in North America, St. Augustine, Florida. Nov 30, 1566 Santa Catalina Santa Catalina colony is established in Georgia. Apr 25, 1577 Sir Francis Drake Sir Francis Drake set sail from Plymouth to return to England. Jun 9, 1579 Pacific Ocean Francis Drake explores the Pacific Ocean Jul 4, 1584 Roanoke Island First Expedition, led by Sir Walter Raleigh, arrives at Roanoke Island. Jan 28, 1585 first English settlement The first English settlement, the Roanoke Colony, is established. Aug 18, 1587 Virginia Dare Virginia Dare is the first English child born in the Roanoke Colony. May 14, 1607 Jamestown, Virginia Jamestown, Virginia is the first established colony of the 13 Colonies. Dec 23, 1607 Captain John Smith Captain John Smith is captured by the Powhatans at Werowocomoco. Aug 4, 1609 Cape Cod Henry Hudson sailed into Cape Cod. Aug 21, 1609 tobacco Colonists’ plant and harvest native tobacco in Virginia. Apr 19, 1610 Starving Time During that winter of 1609-1610, nearly 440 settlers of Jamestown die because of what is known as Starving Time. Aug 25, 1614 John Rolfe marries Pocahontas Tobacco farmer John Rolfe marries Pocahontas, daughter of Cheif Powhatan. Feb 22, 1619 House of Burgesses House of Burgesses becomes the first representative assembly. Aug 11, 1620 Mayflower Compact Earliest Plymouth Colony document is known as the Mayflower Compact Dec 21, 1620 Plymouth Colony Landing party arrives what is to become the Plymouth Colony. Nov 22, 1621 Thanksgiving The Pilgrims celebrate the First Thanksgiving at Plymouth. Jul 14, 1624 Virginia Company charter Virginia falls under British control. The Virginia Company charter is revoked by Britain. New Netherland is founded by Dutch West India Company. Aug 24, 1626 Manhattan Island Manhattan Island was bought by Peter Minuit from Native Americans. Feb 1, 1629 King Charles I try to rule as absolute Monarch King Charles I try to rule as absolute Monarch, leading people to leave for the American Colonies. Aug 6, 1629 Massachusetts Bay Colony Massachusetts Bay Colony Royal charter was issued by Parliament. Dec 4, 1630 Boston Boston is established by John Winthrop. May 23, 1632 Lord Baltimore George Calvert (Lord Baltimore) gains land in Maryland. May 23, 1634 Maryland is founded Maryland is founded. Plymouth Bay settlers start colonies on Conneticut River. Jean Nicolet arrives in Green Bay (Wisconsin). Also, Jean Nicolet explores Lake Michigan. May 25, 1635 first public school in America The first public school in America is established, Boston Latin School. Jul 10, 1636 Harvard College Harvard College in Massachusetts is founded.Providence, Rhode Island is founded by Roger Williams. Hartford founded by Thomas Hooker. Apr 24, 1638 first Colonial printing press Cambridge, Massachusetts is where the first Colonial printing press is located. Puritans establish settlement called Naumkeag. The House of Burgesses is officially reestablished. Dec 13, 1639 New Hampshire New Hampshire founded by John Wheelright. May 29, 1641 Yonkers Yonkers (New York) is founded by the Dutch. Jul 21, 1641 Slavery legal New England makes Slavery legal. Nov 28, 1644 Providence Plantation Providence, Newport, Shawomet & Portsmouth become one colony. Providence Plantation in Narragansette Bay. Jan 6, 1647 Liberal Constitution Liberal Constitution drafted in Rhode Island. Jul 20, 1649 Religious toleration Religious toleration is granted to Maryland. May 23, 1650 Quaker and Jewish immigrants Quaker and Jewish immigrants seeking freedom of worship begin arriving in northeast. Mar 31, 1652 slavery illegal Rhode Island passes the first law within the colonies making slavery illegal. Jun 15, 1660 New Jersey The first permanent settlement in New Jersey is at Bergen (Jersey City). First Navigation act is passed by the British Parliament. May 1, 1662 Conneticut Colony of Conneticut is chartered by England. Conneticut and Rhode Island merged under one charter. Feb 12, 1663 Cotton Mather Cotton Mather was born in Boston, Massachusetts. Feb 1, 1665 Saint Augustine Pedro Menedez founds Saint Augustine in Florida. Carolina and Georgia are colonized. May 22, 1673 Lake Michigan Marquette and Joliet cross Lake Michigan into Wisconsin Jul 8, 1675 King Philip’s War Earliest attacks against Colonists begins King Philip’s War. Jul 30, 1676 Bacon’s Rebellion Declaration of the People of Virginia leads to Bacon’s Rebellion. Apr 19, 1677 rebel against taxation Colonists in North Carolina rebel against taxation by the English. Jan 1, 1681 William Penn Pennsylvania is established by William Penn for quakers. Sep 21, 1690 King William’s War King William’s War starts to spread to the colonies. Feb 23, 1692 Salem Witch trials Salem Witch trials take place in a village in Massachusetts May 11, 1697 Baja California First mission founded in Baja California Jun 21, 1699 wool tax The parliament in England passes the Wool Act. Oct 16, 1705 black code The Virginia Black Code is passed in Virginia. Jan 19, 1706 Benjamin Franklin Benjamin Franklin is born in Boston, Massachusetts. May 29, 1707 act of the union Act of the Union combines England, Scotland, and Wales as part of the United Kingdom. Aug 24, 1710 post office act Post Office Act passes in the English parliament. Begins a postal system in the colonies. May 7, 1718 New Orleans The French establishes New Orleans. Jul 25, 1720 population Population of the American colonists number 475,000. Feb 22, 1732 George Washington Feb. 22. George Washington of Virginia is born. Dec 30, 1737 copper coin First copper Coins of the Colony are minted in Connecticut. Jun 19, 1754 Albany congress June 19. Delegates from seven colonies met at the Albany Congress. Feb 10, 1763 treaty of paris Feb. 10. French and Indian War ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.