13 colonies

exploration and colonization era

  • Aug 22, 1492

    christopher columbus sets sail

    christopher columbus sets sail
    in 1492 christopher colombus sets sail from spain to find a faster route to china for trade.
  • Period: Aug 22, 1492 to

    exploration and colonization era starts

  • Jul 9, 1497

    john cabot

    john cabot
    john cabot on his first voyage searching for the Northwest Passage.
  • Jun 21, 1499

    Amerigo Vespucci

    Amerigo Vespucci finds the South American Coast.
  • Mar 6, 1507

    “America” is first used in a book

    “America” is first used in a book, referring to the New World. Amerigo Vespucci receives credit for the discovery of the continent.
  • Apr 25, 1513

    landfall in Florida.

    Spaniard Ponce de Leon makes landfall in Florida.
  • Oct 31, 1517

    Protestant Reformation

    Protestant Reformation, led by Martin Luther is launched in Europe.
  • Jun 26, 1519


    Alonso de Pineda sails along the Texas coast.
  • Apr 21, 1521

    explorer Cortés

    explorer Cortés
    Spanish explorer Cortés claims Mexico for spain
  • May 1, 1524


    Giovanni de Veranzo leads French expedition beginning in Carolina, and ending at Nova Scotia.
  • Aug 21, 1524

    Hudson River

    Hudson River
    French sponsored navigator Giovanni da Verrazano discovers the Hudson River.
  • Dec 26, 1526

    South Carolina

    South Carolina
    The first settlers from Hispaniola establish San Miguel de Guadalupe, now South Carolina.
  • Oct 18, 1528

    Cabeza de Vaca

    Cabeza de Vaca
    Cabeza de Vaca explores the Gulf coast, including both Florida and Texas.
  • May 3, 1533


    Fortún Jiménez sent by Cortéz to explore Baja Peninsula and names the region California
  • Sep 1, 1534

    France to explore the New World.

    Jacques Cartier sails from France to explore the New World.
  • Jan 29, 1539

    Florida to California

    Hemano de Soto lands in Florida. Fransico de Ulba explores the California coast. . Marcos de Niza explored New Mexico and Arizona in search of gold.
  • May 23, 1540

    Rio Grande.

    Rio Grande.
    FranciscoVasquez de Coronado explores the southwest, north of the Rio Grande..
  • Jul 17, 1541

    Mississippi River

    Mississippi River
    Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto explores the Mississippi River.
  • Jun 23, 1542

    Juan Rodiquez Cabrillo

    Juan Rodiquez Cabrillo enters current day California
  • Jan 2, 1554

    Sir Walter Raleigh

    Sir Walter Raleigh is born.
  • Sep 22, 1564

    Fort Caroline

    Fort Caroline
    The French establish a colony at Fort Caroline in Florida.
  • Aug 21, 1565

    first European Colony

    Spain establishes the first European Colony in North America, St. Augustine, Florida.
  • Nov 30, 1566

    Santa Catalina

    Santa Catalina colony is established in Georgia.
  • Apr 25, 1577

    Sir Francis Drake

    Sir Francis Drake set sail from Plymouth to return to England.
  • Jun 9, 1579

    Pacific Ocean

    Pacific Ocean
    Francis Drake explores the Pacific Ocean
  • Roanoke Island

    First Expedition, led by Sir Walter Raleigh, arrives at Roanoke Island.
  • first English settlement

    The first English settlement, the Roanoke Colony, is established.
  • Virginia Dare

    Virginia Dare is the first English child born in the Roanoke Colony.
  • Jamestown, Virginia

    Jamestown, Virginia is the first established colony of the 13 Colonies.
  • Captain John Smith

    Captain John Smith is captured by the Powhatans at Werowocomoco.
  • Cape Cod

    Henry Hudson sailed into Cape Cod.
  • tobacco

    Colonists’ plant and harvest native tobacco in Virginia.
  • Starving Time

    During that winter of 1609-1610, nearly 440 settlers of Jamestown die because of what is known as Starving Time.
  • John Rolfe marries Pocahontas

    Tobacco farmer John Rolfe marries Pocahontas, daughter of Cheif Powhatan.
  • House of Burgesses

    House of Burgesses becomes the first representative assembly.
  • Mayflower Compact

    Earliest Plymouth Colony document is known as the Mayflower Compact
  • Plymouth Colony

    Landing party arrives what is to become the Plymouth Colony.
  • Thanksgiving

    The Pilgrims celebrate the First Thanksgiving at Plymouth.
  • Virginia Company charter

    Virginia falls under British control. The Virginia Company charter is revoked by Britain. New Netherland is founded by Dutch West India Company.
  • Manhattan Island

    Manhattan Island was bought by Peter Minuit from Native Americans.
  • King Charles I try to rule as absolute Monarch

    King Charles I try to rule as absolute Monarch, leading people to leave for the American Colonies.
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony

    Massachusetts Bay Colony Royal charter was issued by Parliament.
  • Boston

    Boston is established by John Winthrop.
  • Lord Baltimore

    George Calvert (Lord Baltimore) gains land in Maryland.
  • Maryland is founded

    Maryland is founded
    Maryland is founded. Plymouth Bay settlers start colonies on Conneticut River. Jean Nicolet arrives in Green Bay (Wisconsin). Also, Jean Nicolet explores Lake Michigan.
  • first public school in America

    The first public school in America is established, Boston Latin School.
  • Harvard College

    Harvard College in Massachusetts is founded.Providence, Rhode Island is founded by Roger Williams. Hartford founded
    by Thomas Hooker.
  • first Colonial printing press

    Cambridge, Massachusetts is where the first Colonial printing press is located. Puritans establish settlement called Naumkeag. The House of Burgesses is officially reestablished.
  • New Hampshire

    New Hampshire
    New Hampshire founded by John Wheelright.
  • Yonkers

    Yonkers (New York) is founded by the Dutch.
  • Slavery legal

    New England makes Slavery legal.
  • Providence Plantation

    Providence, Newport, Shawomet & Portsmouth become one colony. Providence Plantation in Narragansette Bay.
  • Liberal Constitution

    Liberal Constitution drafted in Rhode Island.
  • Religious toleration

    Religious toleration is granted to Maryland.
  • Quaker and Jewish immigrants

    Quaker and Jewish immigrants seeking freedom of worship begin arriving in northeast.
  • slavery illegal

    Rhode Island passes the first law within the colonies making slavery illegal.
  • New Jersey

    New Jersey
    The first permanent settlement in New Jersey is at Bergen (Jersey City). First Navigation act is passed by the British Parliament.
  • Conneticut

    Colony of Conneticut is chartered by England. Conneticut and Rhode Island merged under one charter.
  • Cotton Mather

    Cotton Mather was born in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • Saint Augustine

    Pedro Menedez founds Saint Augustine in Florida. Carolina and Georgia are colonized.
  • Lake Michigan

    Marquette and Joliet cross Lake Michigan into Wisconsin
  • King Philip’s War

    Earliest attacks against Colonists begins King Philip’s War.
  • Bacon’s Rebellion

    Declaration of the People of Virginia leads to Bacon’s Rebellion.
  • rebel against taxation

    Colonists in North Carolina rebel against taxation by the English.
  • William Penn

    William Penn
    Pennsylvania is established by William Penn for quakers.
  • King William’s War

    King William’s War starts to spread to the colonies.
  • Salem Witch trials

    Salem Witch trials
    Salem Witch trials take place in a village in Massachusetts
  • Baja California

    First mission founded in Baja California
  • wool tax

    The parliament in England passes the Wool Act.
  • black code

    The Virginia Black Code is passed in Virginia.
  • Benjamin Franklin

    Benjamin Franklin
    Benjamin Franklin is born in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • act of the union

    Act of the Union combines England, Scotland, and Wales as part of the United Kingdom.
  • post office act

    Post Office Act passes in the English parliament. Begins a postal system in the colonies.
  • New Orleans

    New Orleans
    The French establishes New Orleans.
  • population

    Population of the American colonists number 475,000.
  • George Washington

    George Washington
    Feb. 22. George Washington of Virginia is born.
  • copper coin

    First copper Coins of the Colony are minted in Connecticut.
  • Albany congress

    June 19. Delegates from seven colonies met at the Albany Congress.
  • treaty of paris

    Feb. 10. French and Indian War ends with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.