The american colonies

Timeline created by jelsy
  • A new colony in North America

     A new colony in North America
    King James I of England gave the Virginia Company of London the charter to establish a new colony in North America.
  • Jamestown settlement

    Jamestown settlement
    Four months after leaving England, landed at Cape Henry in Virginia on April 26, 1607. Upon reaching Virginia they founded the settlement of Jamestown, it was the first permanent English settlement in North America.
  • Tobacco saved Virginia

    Tobacco saved Virginia
    The plant that saved Virginia was tobacco. In 1613 it was sent to England for the first time. Soon most of the Virginia settlers were busy growing tobacco, It was even used as currency.
  • Virginia’s government changed

    Virginia’s government changed
    In 1619, Virginia’s government changed: The House of Burgesses were elected representatives from the various settlements in Virginia and served as advisors.
  • Slavery

    Slavery
    A ship with 20 captured black Africans arrived. They were sold as servants to work in the tabacco fields.
  • The New England Colonies

    The New England Colonies
    the Pilgrims, a group that came to America to find religious freedom. They were Puritans, who disagreed with the teachings of the Catholic church. They wanted the Church of England to be more “pure”. They arrived in Plymouth and found Plymouth Colony.
  • The New York Colony

    The New York Colony
    The Province of New York was an English colony in North America and was founded in 1626 by the Duke of York and other colonists on Manhattan Island.
    The New York Colony was classified as one of the Middle Colonies.
  • Massachusetts Colony

    Massachusetts Colony
    The Massachusetts Colony was founded in 1630 by John Winthrop and other Puritans, at Massachusetts Bay.
    The Massachusetts Colony was classified as one of the New England Colonies.
  • Maryland Colony

    Maryland Colony
    The Maryland Colony was founded in 1633 by George Calvert, Lord Baltimore and other colonists, at Baltimore.
    The Maryland Colony was classified as one of the Southern Colonies.
  • The South Carolina Colony

    The South Carolina Colony was founded in 1633 by eight English nobles with a Royal Charter from King Charles II. North and South Carolina were one colony until 1729.
    The South Carolina Colony was classified as one of the Southern Colonies.
  • The Rhode Island Colony

    The Rhode Island Colony
    The Rhode Island Colony was founded in 1636 by Roger Williams and other colonists, such as Anne Hutchinson at Providence.
    The Rhode Island Colony was classified as one of the New England Colonies.
  • The Connecticut Colony

    The Connecticut Colony
    The Connecticut Colony was founded in 1636 by Thomas Hooker and other colonists, at Hartford.
    The Connecticut Colony was classified as one of the New England Colonies.
  • The New Hampshire Colony

    The New Hampshire Colony
    The New Hampshire Colony was founded in 1638 by Captain John Mason and John Wheelwright and other colonists.
    The New Hampshire Colony was classified as one of the New England Colonies.
  • The Delaware Colony

    The Delaware Colony
    The Delaware Colony was founded in 1638 by Peter Minuit and New Sweden Company.
    The Delaware Colony was classified as one of the Middle Colonies.
  • The North Carolina Colony

    The North Carolina Colony
    The North Carolina Colony was founded in 1653 by the Virginia colonists.
    The North Carolina Colony was classified as one of the Southern Colonies.
  • The New Jersey Colony

    The New Jersey Colony
    The New Jersey Colony was founded in 1664 by Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret.
    The New Jersey Colony was classified as one of the Middle Colonies.
  • The Pennsylvania Colony

    The Pennsylvania Colony
    The Pennsylvania Colony was founded in 1682 by William Penn and other colonists.
    The Pennsylvania Colony was classified as one of the Middle Colonies.
  • The Georgia Colony

    The Georgia Colony
    The Georgia Colony was founded in 1732 by James Oglethorpe and other colonists.
    The Georgia Colony was classified as one of the Southern Colonies.
  • The Independence War

    The Independence War
    The colonists accepted British rule until 1760s
  • The Sugar and Stamp Act

    The Sugar and Stamp Act
    Like the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act was imposed to provide increased revenues to meet the costs of defending the enlarged British Empire.
  • The Stamp Act

    The Stamp Act
    It was Passed by the British Parliament to raise money for the defense of the colonies.
    The colonists had to buy special tax stamps and attach them to newspapers, pamphlets, licenses and legal papers.
  • The Townshend Acts

    The Townshend Acts
    The Townshend Acts were a series of measures, passed by the British Parliament, that taxed goods imported to the American colonies. But American colonists, who had no representation in Parliament, saw the Acts as an abuse of power. The British sent troops to America to enforce the unpopular new laws, further heightening tensions between Great Britain and the American colonies.
  • The Boston Massacre

    The Boston Massacre
    Five colonists were killed by British troops during a street fight between a mob of Boston citizens and British soldiers who were occupying the city. This event became known as the Boston Massacre.
  • Withdrawing of the Stamp Act

    Parliament repealed the Townshend Acts, except the duty on tea.
  • The Tea Act

    The Tea Act was imposed to collect an import tax on tea. This legislation gave the British East India Company a monopoly, as American merchants were bypassed and undersold.
  • The Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party
    The Boston Tea Party was a political protest at Griffin’s Wharf in Boston, Massachusetts. American colonists, frustrated and angry at Britain for imposing “taxation without representation,” dumped 342 chests of tea, imported by the British East India Company into the harbor.
  • the Intolerable /Coercive Acts

    the Intolerable /Coercive Acts
    the British made a set of laws to punish Massachusetts. Boston harbor was closed to all trade until the tea was paid for. The British sent more soldiers to keep order.
  • The Battles of Lexington and Concord

    The Battles of Lexington and Concord
    Tensions had been building for many years between residents of the 13 American colonies and the British authorities, particularly in Massachusetts. On the night of April 18, 1775, hundreds of British troops marched from Boston to nearby Concord in order to seize an arms cache. A confrontation on the Lexington town green started off the fighting, and soon the British were hastily retreating under intense fire. Many more battles followed.
  • Declaration of Independence adopted

     Declaration of Independence adopted
    The Continental Congress cut off all ties to Britain. The Declaration of Independence was issued (4th July, 1776) by Thomas Jefferson. It officially named the colonies “The United States of America”. It sent the basis for a new form of government.
  • The British captured New York

    Americans were close to losing the war, they were not disciplined soldiers.
  • France joined the war

    France joined the war
    American forces captured the British army at Saratoga. The soldiers were captured and then sent back to England. Benjamin Franklin (ambassador to France) convinced France to join in the war.
  • France and the United States form an alliance

     France and the United States form an alliance
    France and the United States form an alliance
    The French had secretly furnished financial and material aid to the American since before, but with the signing in Paris of the Treaty of Amity and Commerce and the Treaty of Alliance, the Franco-American alliance was formalized.
  • Battle of Camden

    The British, led by General Charles Cornwallis, soundly defeated the Americans in the Battle of Camden. This victory served to strengthen the British hold on South Carolina.
  • Siege of Yorktown

    After winning a costly victory at Guilford Courthouse, Washington’s army and a force under the French Count de Rochambeau placed Yorktown under siege, and Cornwallis surrendered his army of more than 7,000 men.
  • the Articles of Peace

    Britain and America signed the Articles of Peace. This preliminary treaty ended the American Revolution and granted the United States of America land east of the Mississippi River.
  • Treaty of Paris ends the war

    Treaty of Paris ends the war
    After the British defeat at Yorktown. By its terms, Britain recognized the independence of the United States with generous boundaries, including the Mississippi River on the west. Britain retained Canada but ceded East and West Florida to Spain.
  • The U.S. Constitution was approved

    The U.S. Constitution was approved
    Congress asked for a Constitutional Convention to be held. It was led by Washington. The original purpose was to revise the Articles of Confederation. After some debates, they issued the Constitution of the United States, which proposed a new system of government: a federal government. The power to rule is shared between a central power and local governments.
  • First meeting of the United States Congress.

  • George Washington

    George Washington
    George Washington was inaugurated as the first president of the United States.
  • First factory

    First factory
    The first factory opened in the US.
  • Bill of Rights

    Bill of Rights
    Ten amendments were added to the Constitution, because the original one said nothing about the rights and freedoms of individual citizens. The Bill of Rights granted the right to religious freedom, freedom of speech, the right to carry arms, to stand trial by jury and protection against cruel punishments.
  • Looking For New Markets

    the Americans were looking overseas for new markets. they expand across the pacific ocean towards east Asia.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    President Thomas Jefferson buys the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million (because Napoleon needed money to fight against Britain). This doubles the size of the United States and provides a large area to the west of the country for expansion.
  • Lewis and Clark reach the Pacific Ocean

    Lewis and Clark reach the Pacific Ocean
    The explorers were Lewis and Clark, who arrived to the Pacific Ocean. This became known as the Oregon Trail.
  • Congress banned slave ships coming from Africa.

    The South needed slaves to work their fields of tobacco, rice and cotton. The North was colder and farms were smaller, so slaves were not needed.
    Some northerners also opposed slavery for moral reasons: they were abolitionists.
  • The Missouri Compromise.

    It was decided that slavery would be permitted in Missouri and Arkansas but banned in lands to the west and north of Missouri.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    Congress passes a law to provide for an exchange of lands with the Indians residing in any of the states or territories, and for their removal west of the river Mississippi".
  • Battle of the Alamo

    Battle of the Alamo
    In 1832, a powerful Mexican general named Santa Anna took control of the government. The Texans (called "Texians" at the time) didn't like the new ruler. They rebelled and declared their independence on March 2, 1836. Santa Anna gathered an army to march on Texas and take it back.
  • The Trail of Tears

    It was the name the Cherokee used to describe to the 1000 mile route, or trail, that they were forced to travel, from their homelands in the Southeastern United States to reservations in present day Oklahoma, as a result of the 1830 Indian Removal Act.
  • Oregon Trail

    Oregon Trail
    It was the Important route taken by settlers from the east migrating to build a new life in the western part of the United States. It stretched for around 2,000 miles and through six different states including Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    Many people in the United States believed it was the country's destiny to expand westward all the way to the Pacific Ocean. This belief became known as the Manifest Destiny.
  • Texas becomes a U.S. State

    the United States Congress passed a "Joint Resolution for Annexing Texas to the United States" and Texas was subsequently admitted it to the Union as the 28th state. but this quickly led to the Mexican-American War
  • Oregon Treaty

    England signs the Oregon Treaty handing over the Oregon Territory to the United States.
  • Fugitive slave act

    Easier for the southern to capture slaves who escaped from their masters. Bounty hunters chase black people and returned them to their masters.
    This act angered northerners. Some refused to accept it. Other started providing help to fugitives.
  • Congress ended the Missouri compromise

  • Abraham Lincoln

    Abraham Lincoln
    Abraham Lincoln (Republican, anti-slavery) was elected President of the US.
  • Secession

    Secession
    Eleven southern states announced that they were now an independent nation: The Confederate States of America.
    Confederacy: Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Mississippi, Virginia, Texas, Tennessee, Oklahoma, along with the provisional governments of Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri.
  • Civil War Begins

    Apr 12,
    Confederate forces under General P.G.T. Beauregard bombard Major Robert Anderson and his Union soldiers at Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. The Civil War officially begins.
  • Preliminary Emancipation

    Lincoln issues a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, which declares his intention to free all slaves in any new territory captured by the Union Army
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Lincoln issues the Emancipation Proclamation. It frees all slaves in territory captured by the Union Army, and orders the enlistment of Black soldiers. From this point forward, the Civil War is a war over slavery.
  • Slavery was abolished

    Slavery was abolished
    Slavery was abolished.
    President Lincoln was assassinated.
  • Plans for Reconstruction

    At the end of May, President Andrew Johnson announced his plans for Reconstruction, which reflected both his staunch Unionism and his firm belief in states’ rights.
  • Black Codes

    Black Codes
    which were designed to restrict freed blacks’ activity and ensure their availability as a labor force.
  • the Freedmen’s Bureau and Civil Rights Bills

    Congress passed the Freedmen’s Bureau and Civil Rights Bills and sent them to Johnson for his signature.
    Both were intented to ensure black people´s rights in the south.
  • 14th Amendment

    which broadened the definition of citizenship, granting “equal protection” of the Constitution to former slaves, before they could rejoin the Union.
  • Reconstruction Acts

    After the North defeated the South in the Civil War, politicians faced the task of putting the divided country back together.
    The Reconstruction Acts of 1867 laid out the process for readmitting Southern states into the Union
  • The Fourteenth Amendment

     The Fourteenth Amendment
    The Fourteenth Amendment (1868) provided former slaves with national citizenship, and the Fifteenth Amendment (1870) granted black men the right to vote. These were only the first steps, however, toward reconstructing the fragmented nation.
  • the 15th Amendment

    Congress approved the 15th Amendment, which guaranteed that a citizen’s right to vote would not be denied “on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”
  • Reconstruction Governments

    Reconstruction Governments
    All of the former Confederate states had been admitted to the Union, and the state constitutions during the years of Radical Reconstruction were the most progressive in the region’s history
  • Only three states had Reconstrution Governments

    By 1876, only Florida, Louisiana and South Carolina were still in Republican hands.
  • The Compromise of 1876

    The Compromise of 1876 marked the end of Reconstruction as a distinct period, but the struggle to deal with the revolution ushered in by slavery’s eradication would continue in the South and elsewhere long after that date.
  • A century later

    A century later, the legacy of Reconstruction would be revived during the civil rights movement of the 1960s, as African Americans fought for the political, economic and social equality that had long been denied them.
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    Southern Colonies Characteristics

    Maryland
    Virginia
    North Carolina
    South Carolina
    Georgia
    -Hot weather
    -Wealthy landowners with large plantations of tobacco or cotton
    -They owned black slaves
    -They lived near the cost (as did the other colonies)
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    Northern Colonies (New England Colonies) Characteristics.

    Centered in Massachusetts.
    Connecticut
    Rhode Island

    Massachusetts

    New Hampshire
    -Most were small farmers and craftsmen
    -Others were fishers
    -Others (Boston) depended on trade
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    Middle Colonies Characteristics.

    Delaware

    Pennsylvania

    New Jersey

    New York
    -The biggest were New York and Pennsylvania
    -Most people were farmers
    -Philadelphia, the capital of Pennsylvania, was home of merchants and traders. By 1770, it was the largest city in America.
    -New York also depended on trade
    -The people in these colonies were more tolerant
    -German, Dutch, Swedish ancestors
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    French and Indian War/ Seven years war

    Both wanted the land west of the Appalachian mountains (good for farming)
    The English won and captured Quebec and Montreal
    France had to give the English all the land east of the Mississippi river
    1763 the war was ended by the peace of paris.
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    Events That Led to The American Revolution

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    The American Revolution

    the battles of Lexington and Concord kicked off the armed conflict.
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    Mexican-American War.

    It ended in 1848 with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in which the United States paid Mexico $15 million for land that would later become California, Texas, Arizona, Nevada, Utah, and parts of several other states.
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    American Civil War

    American Civil War, also called War Between the States, four-year war (1861–65) between the United States and 11 Southern states that seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America.
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    Reconstruction

    Reconstruction (1865-1877), the turbulent era following the Civil War, was the effort to reintegrate Southern states from the Confederacy and 4 million newly-freed slaves into the United States.