U.S. History

Timeline created by Jonathan Torres
  • 1492

    Columbian Exchange Begins

    Columbian Exchange Begins
    The distribution of cattle, agriculture, diseases, and technology to the new world.
  • 1492

    European Exploration Era

  • 1500

    Spanish Encomienda System Begins

    Spanish Encomienda System Begins
    A Spanish labor system
  • 1500

    Spanish Casta System Begins

  • 1520

    Small Pox Begins Spreading to Native Americans

    Small Pox Begins Spreading to Native Americans
    Was brought by Christopher Columbus and others from the Old World.
  • 1521

    Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortez Conquers the Aztec Empire

  • 1534

    England Splits from the Catholic Church

    England Splits from the Catholic Church
    King was made Supreme Head of the church
  • London Company Gains Charter for Set Up English Colony

  • Christopher Columbus “Founds” New World

  • Jamestown, Virginia Colony Founded

    Jamestown, Virginia Colony Founded
    First permanent English settlement
  • French found Quebec on the St. Lawrence River and Engage in the Fur Trade

  • Tobacco introduced to Virginia Colony by John Rolfe

    Tobacco introduced to Virginia Colony by John Rolfe
    Tobacco was introduced as a commercial crop to Virginia colonists by John Rolfe himself
  • First African Slaves Arrive in Jamestown, Virginia Colony

    First African Slaves Arrive in Jamestown, Virginia Colony
    Set slaves in North America wither bought or kidnapped
  • Virginia House of Burgesses

    Virginia House of Burgesses
    First elected general assembly for the colonies
  • Plymouth, Massachusetts Colony Founded

    Plymouth, Massachusetts Colony Founded
    Site of the first pilgrim settlement
  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    Agreement between the settlers of Plymouth
  • New Hampshire Founded

    New Hampshire Founded
    U.S. state in New England
  • Dutch New Amsterdam Becomes Capital of New Netherland

  • “City Upon a Hill” John Winthrop

    “City Upon a Hill” John Winthrop
    A phrase based on the story of salt and light
  • The Great Migration to Massachusetts Bay Colony

  • Maryland Founded

    Maryland Founded
    Long history as a major seaport
  • Thomas Hooker Founds Connecticut

    Thomas Hooker Founds Connecticut
    Founded after the withhold with Puritan leaders
  • Roger Williams Founds Rhode Island

    Roger Williams Founds Rhode Island
    Became a haven for religious minorities
  • Harvard College Founded in Massachusetts

  • Delaware Founded

  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

    Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
    Adopted by the Connecticut Colony Council
  • Maryland Toleration Act

    Maryland Toleration Act
    Act was meant to ensure the freedom of Christian settlers
  • North Carolina Founded

    North Carolina Founded
    Founded by Virginia colonists
  • Iroquois Confederacy Formed

  • Navigation Acts and Mercantilism

    Navigation Acts and Mercantilism
    Series of laws
  • South Carolina Founded

    South Carolina Founded
    A historical city
  • New York Founded

    New York Founded
    Major financial, commercial, and cultural center
  • New Jersey Founded

    New Jersey Founded
    Name comes from the Isle of Jersey
  • King Philips War

    King Philips War
    An armed conflict
  • Bacon’s Rebellion

    Bacon’s Rebellion
    Armed rebellion by Virginia Settlers
  • Pueblo Revolt

  • Quaker William Penn Founds Pennsylvania

    Quaker William Penn Founds Pennsylvania
    British North American colony that became the U.S. state of Penn.
  • John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government Published

  • English Bill of Rights

    English Bill of Rights
    Created a Constitutional Monarchy
  • Salem Witch Trials

  • The Great Awakening

    The Great Awakening
    A religious revival
  • Georgia Founded as a Debtors Colony

  • Stono Rebellion

    Stono Rebellion
    A slave rebellion
  • Colonial Era

    Colonial Era
    First colony was founded during that time
  • French and Indian War Begins

    French and Indian War Begins
    North American Conflict
  • TIMESPAN: The Industrial Revolution

  • Salutary Neglect Policy

  • French and Indian War Ends

  • Proclamation Line of 1763

    Proclamation Line of 1763
    British produced boundary
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    Revenue Raising Act
  • Stamp Act

  • Quartering Act

    Quartering Act
    Required the colonies to house British soldiers
  • Townshend Acts

  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    A confrontation between soldiers and colonists
  • Tea Act

  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Political and mercantile protest
  • Intolerable Acts

  • First Continental Congress

  • Thomas Paine’s Common Sense Published

  • Battle of Lexington and Concord

  • Second Continental Congress

  • Continental Army Lead by General George Washington

  • Declaration of Independence

  • Benjamin Franklin Becomes French Ambassador

  • Adam Smith Publishes “The Wealth of Nations”

  • Winter at Valley Forge

  • Battle of Saratoga

  • Articles of Confederation

  • Period: to

    Abolition Movement

  • Period: to

    Abolition Movement

  • Revolutionary Era

  • Battle of Yorktown

  • Republican Motherhood

  • Treaty of Paris of 1783

  • Shays’ Rebellion

  • Federalist Papers

  • Constitutional Convention/ Philadelphia Convention

  • U.S. Constitution

  • The Great Compromise

  • The 3/5ths Compromise

  • Bill of Rights Added to U.S. Constitution

  • The French Revolution Begins

  • Washington Elected 1st President

  • Washington Creates Presidential Cabinet

  • Washington D.C. Becomes New US Capital

  • Period: to

    The Second Great Awakening

  • Alexander Hamilton Gets Congress to Approve National Bank

  • Whiskey Rebellion

  • Cotton Gin and Interchangeable Parts Invented by Eli Whitney

  • Washington’s Farewell Address

  • First Two-Party System Created (Dem-Rep vs Federalist)

  • John Adams (Federalist) Elected 2nd President

  • XYZ Affair

  • Alien and Sedition Acts

  • Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions

  • Election of 1800 and the Start of the Jeffersonian Era

  • The Market Revolution Begins

  • Cult of Domesticity Begins

  • Period: to

    Manifest Destiny

  • Thomas Jefferson (Democratic Republican) Elected 3rd President

  • Steam Locomotive Invented in Great Britain

  • Louisiana Purchase

  • Marbury v. Madison

  • James Madison (Democratic Republican) Elected 4th President

  • British Impressment of US Sailors

  • War Hawks in Congress Support War Against British

  • War of 1812 Begins

  • Francis Scott Key Writes the Star Spangled Banner

  • Treaty of Ghent

  • Enlightenment Era

  • Federalist Party Collapses

  • TIMESPAN: Era of Good Feelings

  • Tariff of 1816

  • James Monroe (Democratic Republican) Elected 5th President

  • Adam- Onis Treaty/ Spain Ceded Florida to U.S.

  • Compromise of 1820

  • Universal Male Suffrage Begins to Rise

  • Monroe Doctrine

  • Henry Clay’s “American System”

  • Erie Canal Built

  • John Quincy Adams (Democratic Republican) Elected 6th President

  • Lowell, Massachusetts Textile Mill Employs Women

  • Andrew Jackson (Democrat) Elected 7th President

  • Second Two-Party System Created (Democrats vs Whigs)

  • Indian Removal Act

  • Abolition Movement Begins

  • Congress Passes Preemption Acts

    Congress Passes Preemption Acts
    Preemption Act, statute passed by the U.S. Congress in response to the demands of the Western states
  • Trail of Tears Begins

  • William Lloyd Garrison Publishes Abolitionist Newspaper “The Liberator”

  • Andrew Jackson Vetos National Bank

  • Nullification Crisis

  • Texas Revolution and Independence from Mexico

    Texas Revolution and Independence from Mexico
    A rebellion of colonists from the United States and Tejanos
  • Horace Mann Advocates for Public Schools

  • Increased Irish and German Immigration to the North

    Increased Irish and German Immigration to the North
    Over seven million immigrants went to the United States
  • Federal Support Given to Samuel Morse to Construct Telegraph Lines

  • Dorothea Dix Advocates for Mentally Ill and Prison Reform

  • James K. Polk Elected US President (Democrat)

    James K. Polk Elected US President (Democrat)
    James K. Polk defeated Whig Henry Clay over the controversial issues of slavery and the annexation of the Republic of Texas.
  • Irish Potato Famine Begins

  • Frederick Douglass writes autobiography “Narrative of the Life of an American Slave”

  • Texas Annexation by the United States

    Texas Annexation by the United States
    Texas was admitted into the United States
  • Frederick Douglass Publishes Autobiography “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave”

    Frederick Douglass Publishes Autobiography “Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave”
    memoir and treatise on abolition
  • Oregon Territory Divided Between British and U.S.

    Oregon Territory Divided Between British and U.S.
    Oregon was divided between the UK and the US in 1846.
  • Mexican American War Begins

    Mexican American War Begins
    Mexican cavalry attacked a group of U.S. soldiers
  • Wilmot Proviso

    Wilmot Proviso
    introduced an amendment to prohibit slavery in the territory acquired from Mexico
  • Seneca Falls Convention

  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Mexican American War Ends

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: Mexican American War Ends
    The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, that brought an official end to the Mexican-American War
  • Mexican Cession

    Mexican Cession
    Included land that makes up the states of California, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, Arizona, Texas, and parts of Colorado and Wyoming.
  • Free Soil Movement Begins

    Free Soil Movement Begins
    short-lived coalition political party in the United States
  • California Gold Rush

    California Gold Rush
    Gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California
  • Triangular Trade

  • Middle Passage

  • Compromise of 1850

    Compromise of 1850
    consists of five laws
  • Fugitive Slave Law Passed in Compromise of 1850

    Fugitive Slave Law Passed in Compromise of 1850
    act required that slaves be returned to their owners
  • Harriet Tubman Begins Using Underground Railroad

    Harriet Tubman Begins Using Underground Railroad
    encountered the Underground Railroad when she used it to escape slavery
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe Publishes “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”

    Harriet Beecher Stowe Publishes “Uncle Tom’s Cabin”
    an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Gadsden Purchase

    Gadsden Purchase
    an agreement between the United States and Mexico
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

    Kansas-Nebraska Act
    The Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise
  • Bleeding Kansas Begins

    Bleeding Kansas Begins
    violence during the settling of the Kansas territory
  • Republican Party Created

    Republican Party Created
    one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States
  • Caning of Senator Sumner

    Caning of Senator Sumner
    pro-slavery Democrat from South Carolina, used a walking cane to attack Senator Charles Sumner
  • Dred Scott v. Sandford

    Dred Scott v. Sandford
    a landmark decision of the US Supreme Court
  • John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry, Virginia

    John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry, Virginia
    left their farmhouse hide-out en route to Harpers Ferry
  • Republican Abraham Lincoln Wins Presidential Election of 1860

    Republican Abraham Lincoln Wins Presidential Election of 1860
    only the second time the party had a candidate in the presidential race
  • Seven Southern States Secede from the Union, Forming the Confederate States of America

  • Democrat Jefferson Davis Elected President of the Confederacy

  • Battle of Fort Sumter

  • Lincoln Suspends Habeas Corpus

  • Period: to

    The Civil War

  • Emancipation Proclamation

  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Act
    certain people could claim 160 acres of gov't land
  • Battle of Vicksburg

  • Battle of Gettysburg

  • Gettysburg Address

  • Gen. Lee Surrenders to Gen. Grant at Appomattox Court House

  • President Abraham Lincoln Assassinated by John Wilkes Booth

  • President Andrew Johnson Becomes President

  • Johnson Pardons the South

  • Radical Republicans Champion for Black Civil Rights in Congress

  • 13th Amendment

  • Freedmens Bureau Created

  • Sharecropping Begins in the South

  • Black Codes First Passed in the South

  • Ku Klux Klan Formed

  • “Scalawags and Carpetbaggers”

  • Period: to

    Reconstruction Era

  • Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson

  • 14th Amendment

  • Transcontinental Railroad Completed

    Transcontinental Railroad Completed
    further settlement
  • 15th Amendment

  • Hiram Rhode Revels Becomes First African American in Congress (Senate)

  • Industrialization Begins to Boom

    Industrialization Begins to Boom
    Ideas and movement that caused a wave of globalization
  • Social Darwinism Theory Gains Popularity

    Social Darwinism Theory Gains Popularity
    survival of the fittest
  • Nativism Spreads

    Nativism Spreads
    spread of native inhabitants
  • Standard Oil Company Founded by John D. Rockefeller

    Standard Oil Company Founded by John D. Rockefeller
    controlled U.S. refineries and pipelines
  • Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall

    Boss Tweed rise at Tammany Hall
    helped immigrants rise
  • Telephone Invented by Alexander Graham Bell

    Telephone Invented by Alexander Graham Bell
    success gained through experiments and assisting the deaf
  • Reconstruction Ends

    Reconstruction Ends
    marked a significant chapter
  • Light Bulb Invented by Thomas Edison

    Light Bulb Invented by Thomas Edison
    first electric lightbulb
  • 3rd Wave of Immigration: “New Immigrants”

    3rd Wave of Immigration: “New Immigrants”
    new immigrants from all part of the work
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    U.S. federal law
  • Dawes Act

    Dawes Act
    regulated land rights on tribal territories
  • Andrew Carnegie’s Book “Gospel of Wealth”

    Andrew Carnegie’s Book “Gospel of Wealth”
    article written by Andrew Carnegie
  • Carnegie Steel Company Founded by Andrew Carnegie

    Carnegie Steel Company Founded by Andrew Carnegie
    steel empire