A New Nation 1800-1876 By gracewhipple Nov 17, 1800 The White House completed John Adams was the First President to move into the White House. Mar 4, 1801 Thomas Jefferson Elected as the third President Apr 30, 1803 Louisiana Purchase Thomas Jefferson purchased the Louisiana territory for 15 million dollars from France, doubling the Nation. May 14, 1804 Lewis and Clark expedition Authorized by President Jefferson, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark set out to map the North West United States along with Sacagawea, their Indian guide. Apr 27, 1805 Marines at Tripoli The America Marines and Berbers fought the pirates at Tripoli Dec 8, 1805 Lewis and Clark at the Pacific Lewis and Clark built Fort Clatsop near the mouth of the Columbia 1806 Noah Webster's Dictionary Brilliant Noah Webster publishes the first America Dictionary Jan 1, 1808 Slave Importation Outlawed The importation of Slaves is outlawed Nov 4, 1808 James Madison James Madison is elected as fourth President of the United States Feb 12, 1809 Birth of Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln was born in a log cabin in Kentucky Nov 7, 1811 Battle of Tippecanoe Tecumseh and his warriors are defeated by William Henry Harrison Jun 1, 1812 War of 1812 President James Madison asked Congress to declare war on Great Britain Aug 24, 1814 White House Burns British troops burned the White House causing President Madison to evacuate. The White House treasures are saved by Dolly Madison. Sep 13, 1814 Our Nations Anthem Francis Scott Key pens the words to the Star-Spangled Banner during the bombardment of Fort McHenry Dec 24, 1814 Treaty of Ghent A peace treaty is signed between the British and American governments at Ghent. Jan 8, 1815 Battle of New Orleans General Andrew Jackson, unaware of the Treaty of Ghent leads his troops to the victory against the British troops at New Orleans Nov 1, 1816 James Monroe elected Our fifth President was elected defeating Rufus King. Mar 15, 1818 Seminole War Andrew Jackson and the Army invade Florida Jan 2, 1819 Panic of 1819 The first financial crisis leading to bank failures, foreclosures, and unemployment. Mar 3, 1820 Missouri Compromise of 1820 Sponsored by Henry Clay, his legislation helped to temporarily solve the slavey crises. Jul 10, 1821 Florida is Purchused Florida is purchased from Spain Dec 2, 1823 Monroe Doctrine President Monroe created a policy in which the United States would oppose any European interventions in the Americas Dec 2, 1824 John Quincy Adams Elected Elected by the House of Representatives because the Electoral College did not have a majority, he was our sixth President Oct 26, 1825 Erie Canal Erie Canal opened cutting travel between Buffalo, New York, and New York City by a third. Jul 4, 1826 Jefferson and Adams Die Thomas Jefferson and John Adams die on the same die, one hour apart Jul 4, 1827 Slavery abolished in New York Slavery is legally abolished in New York Jul 4, 1828 First Passenger Railroad The Baltimore and Ohio became the first passenger railroad Oct 28, 1828 Tariffs of Abominations South Carolina opposed the Tariff and began a process of a formal Nullification Campaign Oct 31, 1828 Andrew Jackson Andrew Jackson was elected to be our seventh President Dec 10, 1830 Emily Dickinson One of America's most famous poets is born Aug 21, 1831 Nat Turner Slave rebellion led by slave Nat Turner ends in the death of 57 white citizens; he was eventually hanged. Jul 24, 1832 The Oregon Trail The First Wagons crossed the Rocky Mountains Oct 8, 1832 Trail of Tears The campaign to remove the Cherokee and other indigenous tribes from their homes and move them to the Oklahoma territory, is begun. Thousands die from exposure and want on this tragic trip. 1834 The Reaper is invented Cyrus McCormick invented the reaper Jun 2, 1835 P.T. Barnum P.T. Barnum starts his first circus in the United States Oct 2, 1835 Texas Revolution Sam Houston takes command in the Battle of Gonzales and fights to secede from Mexico Mar 6, 1836 The Alamo General Santa Anna besieges Fort Alamo for thirteen days before it falls and every defender is killed. Dec 7, 1836 Martin Van Buren Elected Van Buren defeats William Henry Harrison May 10, 1837 Panic of 1837 A global economic crisis led to record unemployment Jan 6, 1838 Telegraph invented Samuel Morse demonstrates the telegraph and the Morse Code system Dec 2, 1840 William Henry Harrison elected Van Buren is defeated by Whig, Harrison Apr 4, 1841 John Tyler President William Henry Harrison dies of pneumonia leaving the presidency to his Vice President, Tyler. Dec 4, 1844 James K. Polk President Polk defeats Henry Clay for president 1845 Singer Sewing Machine Invented Elias Howe invents his sewing machine May 8, 1846 Mexican War The first major conflict at Palo Alto under the command of Zachary Taylor Jan 24, 1848 Gold Rush Gold is discovered at Sutter's Mill in Colona, California starting the 1849 gold rush Nov 7, 1848 Zachary Taylor elected Hero of the Mexican War, Taylor is elected from the Whig party Jan 23, 1849 First Woman Doctor Elisabeth Blackwell Elizabeth Blackwell is granted her degree Jan 29, 1850 Compromise of 1850 To avert possible war over the issue of slavery in the territories Henry Clay introduces a compromise. Jul 10, 1850 Millard Fillmore president After Zachary Taylor dies in office his vice president Fillmore is sworn in to office. Mar 20, 1852 Uncle Tom's Cabin Written Written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, it was defined by Lincoln as the book that started the Civil War Nov 2, 1852 Franklin Pierce President Democrat, Franklin Pierce is elected Dec 30, 1853 Gasden Purchase A 29,640 square mile tract is purchased from Mexico to allow for a railroad Apr 5, 1856 Booker T. Washington born Great black leader and educator is born. Nov 4, 1856 James Buchanan president The only bachelor president is elected. Oct 16, 1859 Harper's Ferry Abolitionist John Brown tries to raid Harpers Ferry of arms to start a slave revolt. He is defeated and later hanged for treason. Apr 3, 1860 Pony Express The first attempt at long-distance mail to California is started and continued for 18 months Nov 6, 1860 Abraham Lincoln president Running on an anti-slavery platform Lincoln is elected Feb 4, 1861 Confederacy is formed In Montgomery, Alabama a convention formed the Confederated States and elected Jefferson Davis president. Apr 12, 1861 Fort Sumter The first conflict of the Civil War began with the bombardment of Fort Sumter, South Carolina for 34 hours before it fell. Jul 21, 1861 Battle of Bull Run The first Battle at Manasses, Virginia, ended with victory for the Confederacy Jul 1, 1863 Gettysburg A turning point in the war, this battle turned the Confederate army south again, yet with terrible losses on both sides. Lincoln's Gettysburg address is one of the most beautiful speeches ever given. Jul 4, 1863 Vicksburg Decisive victory in the western theater won to General Grant at Vicksburg, Mississippi Nov 8, 1864 Lincoln's Second Inaguration Defeating George McClellan Apr 1, 1865 Sheridan's March General Sheridan successfully cut the Confederacy supply lines in his march across five states Apr 9, 1865 Surrender at Appomatox Court House General Lee surrenders to U.S. Grant in Virginia ending the Civil War Apr 14, 1865 President Lincoln Assasinated John Wilkes Booth enter Ford Theater and shoots Lincoln in the back of the head. Dec 18, 1865 Slavery abolished!!! The thirteenth amendment abolishes slavery Mar 30, 1867 Purchase of Alaska Secretary of State, William Seward, purchased Alaskan territory for 7.2 million dollars Oct 28, 1868 Thomas Edison Edison applies for his first patent, an electric vote recorder Nov 3, 1868 Ulysses Grant president Becomes the 18th president May 10, 1869 Transcontinental Railroad The Golden Spike was driven into the tracks to mark the meeting of the railroad from East and West at Promontory Point, Utah. This linked California and the East. Mar 30, 1870 15th Amendment Giving blacks the right to vote, race would no longer be a factor in the voting process. The 15th amendment is ratified by the Secretary of State Oct 8, 1871 Chigago Fire The great Chicago fire burned 1.2 million acres of land and killed 250 people, causing massive structural damage. 1873 Women's Crusade Women's Christian Temperance Union started a movement against the sale of liquor Jul 21, 1873 Jesse James Jesse and his brother Frank engage in their first successful train robbery Jul 25, 1876 Battle of Little Bighorn Lt. Colonel George Custer led U.S troops against the Sioux and Cheyenne Indians and was routed completely, his forces almost entirely wiped out.