Topic 1 & 2 Test

  • 3000 BCE

    Mesopotamian City-State

    The Mesopotamian city-state was first ruled by kings who were believed to be appointed by the gods. The king himself was considered to be divine by the power of the priesthood, and was the god who looked after the city-state. Ruled by a god to the people, the Mesopotamian city-state laid a foundation for early civilizations with a bustling town center. The town center was the hosting location for worship, trade, and oversight.
  • Period: 3000 BCE to 200 BCE

    Important Strides in Civilization Development

  • 2400 BCE

    Egyptian Agriculture

    The boom of agriculture that resulted in great Egyptian wealth was caused by the usage of the Nile River. A surplus of grain was developed, therefore causing Egypt to be incredibly wealthy compared to that of other ancient worlds. Making use of their resources, ancient Egyptians turned their booming agricultural economy into the sustenance of their early society.
  • 2340 BCE

    Mesopotamian Unification

    King Sargon the Great, also known as the Sargon of Akkad, conquered many Mesopotamian cities to form the world's first true empire. He also created the world's first army, who consisted of men who had no other duties or responsibilities. One tactic of king Sargon the Great would be mining out the underneath of enemy fortifications to cause them to collapse. This unification caused by King Sargon the Great helped unify Mesopotamian cities, therefore creating a functioning early society.
  • 1780 BCE

    Mesopotamian Way of Law

    One great success in the development of civilization was the foundation of law and order that was provided by Mesopotamians. The Babylonian king Hammurabi's law code detailed the rights and wrongs of his people, and drew distinctions amongst his slaves, commoners, and citizens.
  • 1700 BCE

    Hittites Empire

    The Hittites Empire's existence rooted during the Bronze Age, as it rapidly took over a vast landmass due to a strong economy. This civilization made use of the technologies and cultures of the civilizations that they conquered, and did not strive to force their own beliefs on preexisting people. This was a massive stride in the development of civilization, as tolerability began to take place and culturally-rich relationships were formed between the groups.
  • 1400 BCE

    Mycenean Overtake

    The Myceneans invaded the Minoan settling. The Minoan people established the importance of trade with their neighbors, and had even developed their own form of writing and bureaucracy, and their civilization led a great example until its downfall. The Mycenean people made use of the Minoan culture and incorporated it into their own, and eventually prioritized trade and politics.
  • 1300 BCE

    Phoenician Language

    The Phoenician people developed their own language that would soon be the foundation for the Greek and Roman writing system. Their syllabic alphabet was much more concise compared to that of symbolic ones, therefore making it possible for a non-specialist to make use of this language. This was extremely beneficial in the development of civilization, as language in itself was starting to become more accessible and available to learn.
  • 1100 BCE

    Iron Age

    The Iron Age resulted as the termination of the Bronze Age, which had fallen due to the collapse of long-distance trade of tin from modern-day Afghanistan. The Iron Age made use of foraging to create iron resources that were hard, durable, and also more localized. This created a boom in more localized economy, alongside the benefits of metal-working that led to stronger societies, architecture, and economy.
  • 600 BCE

    Phoenician Merchants

    The Phoenician people were known for their great strides in the development of international trade and exploration. They were nomads who traveled by sea farther than any other ancient people, and established colonies all along the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. These civilizations acted as hubs for international trade, and had eventually surpassed that of the fallen Bronze Age.
  • 586 BCE

    Neo-Babylonian Conquest

    The Neo-Babylonians conquered Judah in 586 BCE, which led an enormous impact on the beliefs of the Hebrews. Yahweh is able to be found in more than one location, and is not by any means bound. With this information, the relationship between Yahweh and the Hebrews strengthened, and the development of strict religious customs were developed. With more implementation of religion to society, connection between the people grew.