Timeline Activity

Timeline created by Antonio12345
  • Creation of computers

    Creation of computers
    Image result for first computer
    First programmable computer. The Z1 was created by German Konrad Zuse in his parents' living room between 1936 and 1938. It is considered to be the first electromagnetically binary programmable computer, and the first really functional modern computer.
  • Atanasoff

    Atanasoff and his graduate student, Clifford Berry, design a computer that can solve 29 equations simultaneously. This marks the first time a computer is able to store information on its main memory.
  • Mauchly and Presper

    Mauchly and Presper leave the University of Pennsylvania and receive funding from the Census Bureau to build the UNIVAC, the first commercial computer for business and government applications.
  • William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain

    William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain of Bell Laboratories invent the transistor. They discovered how to make an electric switch with solid materials and no need for a vacuum.
  • Grace Hopper

    Grace Hopper develops the first computer language, which eventually becomes known as COBOL. Thomas Johnson Watson Jr., son of IBM CEO Thomas Johnson Watson Sr., conceives the IBM 701 EDPM to help the United Nations keep tabs on Korea during the war.
  • John Backus

    The FORTRAN programming language, an acronym for FORmula TRANslation, is developed by a team of programmers at IBM led by John Backus, according to the University of Michigan.
  • Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce

    Jack Kilby and Robert Noyce unveil the integrated circuit, known as the computer chip. Kilby was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2000 for his work.
  • Douglas Engelbart

    Douglas Engelbart shows a prototype of the modern computer, with a mouse and a graphical user interface (GUI). This marks the evolution of the computer from a specialized machine for scientists and mathematicians to technology that is more accessible to the general public.
  • A group of developers

    A group of developers at Bell Labs produce UNIX, an operating system that addressed compatibility issues. Written in the C programming language, UNIX was portable across multiple platforms and became the operating system of choice among mainframes at large companies and government entities. Due to the slow nature of the system, it never quite gained traction among home PC users.
  • The first Dynamic Access Memory chip

    The newly formed Intel unveils the Intel 1103, the first Dynamic Access Memory (DRAM) chip.
  • Alan Shugart

    Alan Shugart leads a team of IBM engineers who invent the "floppy disk," allowing data to be shared among computers.
  • Robert Metcalfe

    Robert Metcalfe, a member of the research staff for Xerox, develops Ethernet for connecting multiple computers and other hardware.
  • The January issue of Popular Electronics magazine features the Altair 8080

    The January issue of Popular Electronics magazine features the Altair 8080, described as the "world's first minicomputer kit to rival commercial models." Two "computer geeks," Paul Allen and Bill Gates, offer to write software for the Altair, using the new BASIC language. On April 4, after the success of this first endeavor, the two childhood friends form their own software company, Microsoft.
  • Popular Electronics magazine features the Altair 8080

    The January issue of Popular Electronics magazine features the Altair 8080, described as the "world's first minicomputer kit to rival commercial models." Two "computer geeks," Paul Allen and Bill Gates, offer to write software for the Altair, using the new BASIC language. On April 4, after the success of this first endeavor, the two childhood friends form their own software company, Microsoft.
  • Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak

    Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak
    Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak start Apple Computers on April Fool's Day and roll out the Apple I, the first computer with a single-circuit board, according to Stanford University.
  • Radio Shack and Jobs/Wozniak

    Radio Shack's initial production run of the TRS-80 was just 3,000. It sold like crazy. For the first time, non-geeks could write programs and make a computer do what they wished. Jobs and Wozniak incorporate Apple and show the Apple II at the first West Coast Computer Faire. It offers color graphics and incorporates an audio cassette drive for storage.
  • The introduction of VisiCalc

    Accountants rejoice at the introduction of VisiCalc, the first computerized spreadsheet program.
  • MicroPro International releases WordStar.

    Word processing becomes a reality as MicroPro International releases WordStar. "The defining change was to add margins and word wrap," said creator Rob Barnaby in email to Mike Petrie in 2000. "Additional changes included getting rid of command mode and adding a print function. I was the technical brains I figured out how to do it, and did it, and documented it. "
  • The first IBM personal computer.

    The first IBM personal computer, code-named "Acorn," is introduced. It uses Microsoft's MS-DOS operating system. It has an Intel chip, two floppy disks and an optional color monitor. Sears & Roebuck and Computerland sell the machines, marking the first time a computer is available through outside distributors. It also popularizes the term PC.
  • Apple's Lisa is the first personal computer with a GUI.

    Apple's Lisa is the first personal computer with a GUI. It also features a drop-down menu and icons. It flops but eventually evolves into the Macintosh. The Gavilan SC is the first portable computer with the familiar flip form factor and the first to be marketed as a "laptop."
  • Microsoft announces Windows

    Microsoft announces Windows
    Microsoft announces Windows, according to Encyclopedia Britannica. This was the company's response to Apple's GUI. Commodore unveils the Amiga 1000, which features advanced audio and video capabilities.
  • The first dot-com domain name is registered

    The first dot-com domain name is registered on March 15, years before the World Wide Web would mark the formal beginning of Internet history. The Symbolics Computer Company, a small Massachusetts computer manufacturer, registers Symbolics.com. More than two years later, only 100 dot-coms had been registered.
  • Compaq brings the Deskpro 386 to market

    Compaq brings the Deskpro 386 to market. Its 32-bit architecture provides as speed comparable to mainframes.
  • Tim Berners-Lee

    Tim Berners-Lee, a researcher at CERN, the high-energy physics laboratory in Geneva, develops HyperText Markup Language (HTML), giving rise to the World Wide Web.
  • The Pentium microprocessor

    The Pentium microprocessor advances the use of graphics and music on PCs.
  • PCs become gaming machines

    PCs become gaming machines as "Command & Conquer," "Alone in the Dark 2," "Theme Park," "Magic Carpet," "Descent" and "Little Big Adventure" are among the games to hit the market.
  • Sergey Brin and Larry Page

    Sergey Brin and Larry Page develop the Google search engine at Stanford University.
  • Microsoft invests $150 million in Apple

    Microsoft invests $150 million in Apple, which was struggling at the time, ending Apple's court case against Microsoft in which it alleged that Microsoft copied the "look and feel" of its operating system.
  • The term Wi-Fi becomes part of the computing language

    The term Wi-Fi becomes part of the computing language and users begin connecting to the Internet without wires.
  • Apple unveils the Mac OS X operating system

    Apple unveils the Mac OS X operating system, which provides protected memory architecture and pre-emptive multi-tasking, among other benefits. Not to be outdone, Microsoft rolls out Windows XP, which has a significantly redesigned GUI.
  • The first 64-bit processor

    The first 64-bit processor, AMD's Athlon 64, becomes available to the consumer market.
  • Mozilla's Firefox 1.0 challenges Microsoft's Internet Explorer

    Mozilla's Firefox 1.0 challenges Microsoft's Internet Explorer, the dominant Web browser. Facebook, a social networking site, launches.
  • YouTube

    YouTube
    YouTube, a video sharing service, is founded. Google acquires Android, a Linux-based mobile phone operating system.
  • Apple introduces the MacBook Pro

    Apple introduces the MacBook Pro, its first Intel-based, dual-core mobile computer, as well as an Intel-based iMac. Nintendo's Wii game console hits the market.
  • The iPhone.

    The iPhone brings many computer functions to the smartphone.
  • Microsoft launches Windows 7

    Microsoft launches Windows 7, which offers the ability to pin applications to the taskbar and advances in touch and handwriting recognition, among other features.
  • Apple unveils the iPad

    Apple unveils the iPad, changing the way consumers view media and jumpstarting the dormant tablet computer segment.
  • Google releases the Chromebook

    Google releases the Chromebook, a laptop that runs the Google Chrome OS.
  • Facebook

    Facebook gains 1 billion users on October 4.
  • Apple releases the Apple Watch

    Apple releases the Apple Watch. Microsoft releases Windows 10.
  • The first reprogrammable quantum computer was created

    The first reprogrammable quantum computer was created. "Until now, there hasn't been any quantum-computing platform that had the capability to program new algorithms into their system. They're usually each tailored to attack a particular algorithm," said study lead author Shantanu Debnath, a quantum physicist and optical engineer at the University of Maryland, College Park.
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    John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert

    Two University of Pennsylvania professors, John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert, build the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator (ENIAC). Considered the grandfather of digital computers, it fills a 20-foot by 40-foot room and has 18,000 vacuum tubes.
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    Personal computers

    A number of personal computers hit the market, including Scelbi & Mark-8 Altair, IBM 5100, Radio Shack's TRS-80 affectionately known as the "Trash 80" and the Commodore PET.