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The Evolution of Media

By potaeto
  • 35,000 BCE

    Cave Paintings

    Cave Paintings
    In prehistoric art, the term “cave paintings” encompasses any parietal art which involves the application of colour pigments on the walls, floors or ceilings of ancient rock shelters. A monochrome cave paintings is a picture made with only one colour (usually black)-see, for instance, the monochrome images at Chauvet
  • Period: 35,000 BCE to 1450

    Pre-Industrial Age

    People discovered fire, developed paper and forged weapons and tools with stone, bronze, copper and iron
  • 2500 BCE

    Papyrus in Egypt

    Papyrus in Egypt
    first papyrus was only used in Egypt, but by about 1000 BC people all over West Asia began buying papyrus from Egypt and using it, since it was much more convenient than clay tablets (less breakable, and not as heavy!). People made papyrus in small sheets and then glued the sheets together to make big pieces.
  • 2400 BCE

    Clay Tablets in Mesopotamia

    Clay Tablets in Mesopotamia
    In the Ancient Near East, clay tablets (Akkadian ṭuppu) were used as a writing medium, especially for writing in cuneiform, throughout the Bronze Age and well into the Iron Age. Cuneiform characters were imprinted on a wet clay tablet with a stylus often made of reed (reed pen).
  • 130 BCE

    Acta Diurna in Rome

    Acta Diurna in Rome
    Acta Diurna were daily Roman official notices, a sort of daily gazette. They were carved on stone or metal and presented in message boards in public places like the Forum of Rome. They were also called simply Acta. History[edit]. The first form of Acta appeared around 131 BC during the Roman Republic.
  • 200

    Dibao in China

    Dibao in China
    The Chinese “Dibao” is the earliest and oldest newspaper in the world. During West Han time, Han government carried out the “Jun xian zhi” 郡县制, the eparch and county system which is helpful in concentrating the central power. The country was divided into many eparches and counties but governed by the central government as a whole. Every eparch sets up its office in the capital Chang’an, which has the same function as the provincial office in today Beijing.
  • 220

    Printing press using wood blocks

    Printing press using wood blocks
    Woodblock printing is a technique for printing text, images or patterns used widely throughout East Asia and originating in China in antiquity as a method of printing on textiles and later paper. Prior to the invention of woodblock printing, seals and stamps were used for making impressions.
  • 500

    Codex in the Mayan region

    Codex in the Mayan region
    Maya codices (singular codex) are folding books written by the pre-Columbian Maya civilization in Maya hieroglyphic script on Mesoamerican bark cloth. … The Maya developed their huun-paper around the 5th century, which is roughly the same time that the codex became predominant over the scroll in the Roman world.
  • Newspaper- The London Gazette

    Newspaper- The London Gazette
    The London Gazette traces its origins back to King Charles II’s move from London to Oxford during the plague of 1665. The Gazette became the authoritative source of government and other news and is Britain’s oldest continuously published newspaper
  • Period: to

    Industrial Age

    People used the power of steam, developed machine
    tools, established iron production, and the manufacturing of various products
    (including books through the printing press.
  • Typewriter

    Typewriter, any of various machines for writing characters similar to those made by printers’ types, especially a machine in which the characters are produced by steel types striking the paper through an inked ribbon with the types being actuated by corresponding keys on a keyboard and the paper being held by a platen that is automatically moved along with a carriage when a key is struck.
  • Telephone

    Telephone, an instrument designed for the simultaneous transmission and reception of the human voice. The telephone is inexpensive, is simple to operate, and offers its users an immediate, personal type of communication that cannot be obtained through any other medium. As a result, it has become the most widely used telecommunications device in the world. Billions of telephones are in use around the world.
  • Motion picture photography/projection

    Motion picture photography/projection
    Motion-picture technology, the means for the production and showing of motion pictures. It includes not only the motion-picture camera and projector but also such technologies as those involved in recording sound, in editing both picture and sound, in creating special effects, and in producing animation.
  • Printing press for mass production

    Printing press for mass production
    Printing press, machine by which text and images are transferred to paper or other media by means of ink. Although movable type, as well as paper, first appeared in China, it was in Europe that printing first became mechanized. The earliest mention of a printing press is in a lawsuit in Strasbourg in 1439 revealing construction of a press for Johannes Gutenberg and his associates
  • Period: to

    Information Age

    The Internet paved the way for faster communication and the
    creation of the social network. People advanced the use of microelectronics with the invention
    of personal computers, mobile devices, and wearable technology. Moreover, voice, image,
    sound and data are digitalized. We are now living in the information age.
  • Commercial motion pictures

    Commercial motion pictures
    Most connoisseurs of the art of motion pictures feel that the greatest films are the artistic and personal expression of strong directors. The cinema exists, however, for many social functions, and its “art” has served many types of film that do not set out to be artistic. In practical terms these functions divide films into what are usually termed “modes,” including the documentary, the experimental, and the fictional.
  • Motion picture with sound

    Motion picture with sound
    A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film. The first known public exhibition of projected sound films took place in Paris in 1900, but it would be decades before reliable synchronization was made commercially practical. The first commercial screening of movies with fully synchronized sound took place in New York City in April 1923.
  • Telegraph

    Developed in the 1830s and 1840s by Samuel Morse (1791-1872) and other inventors, the telegraph revolutionized long-distance communication. It worked by transmitting electrical signals over a wire laid between stations. In addition to helping invent the telegraph, Samuel Morse developed a code (bearing his name) that assigned a set of dots and dashes to each letter of the English alphabet and allowed for the simple transmission of complex messages across telegraph lines.
  • Period: to

    Electronic Age

    The invention of the transistor ushered in the
    electronic age. People harnessed the power of transistors that led to the transistor
    radio, electronic circuits, and the early computers. In this age, long distance
    communication became more efficient.
  • Punch cards

    Punch cards
    The standard punched card, originally invented by Herman Hollerith, was first used for vital statistics tabulation by the New York City Board of Health and several states. After this trial use, punched cards were adopted for use in the 1890 census.
  • Television

    The invention of the television was the work of many individuals in the late 19th century and early 20th century. Individuals and corporations competed in various parts of the world to deliver a device that superseded previous technology. Many were compelled to capitalize on the invention and make profit, while some wanted to change the world through visual and audio communication technology
  • Transistor Radio

    Transistor Radio
    The first transistor radio was a joint project between the Regency Division of Industrial Development Engineering Associates and Texas Instruments. TI knew that it needed a fun product to catch the nation's attention. They thought a radio was just the thing to make a splash. TI built the transistors; Regency built the radio. On October 18, 1954, the Regency TR1 was put on the market. It was a scant five inches high and used four germanium transistors
  • Large electronic computers- i.e. EDSAC

    Large electronic computers- i.e. EDSAC
    Short for Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator, EDSAC is an early British computer considered to be the first stored program electronic computer. It was created at the University of Cambridge in England, performed its first calculation on May 6, 1949, and was the computer that ran the first graphical computer game, nicknamed "Baby." In the picture to the right, is an example of the EDSAC computer.
  • UNIVAC 1

    UNIVAC 1
    The UNIVAC handled both numbers and alphabetic characters equally well. The UNIVAC I was unique in that it separated the complex problems of input and output from the actual computation facility. Mercury delay lines were used to store the computer's program. The program circulated within the lines in the form of acoustical pulses that could be read from the line and written into
  • Mainframe computers - i.e. IBM 704

    Mainframe computers - i.e. IBM 704
    The IBM 704 Data Processing System was a large-scale computer designed for engineering and scientific calculations. Its predecessor was the 701, and its sister computers were the 702 and 705 Data Processing Systems, designed primarily for commercial applications. All four types could be used for both scientific and commercial applications.
  • OHP, LCD projectors

    OHP, LCD projectors
    LCD projector is a type of video projector for displaying video, images or computer data on a screen or other flat surface. It is a modern equivalent of the slide projector or overhead projector. To display images, LCD projectors typically send light from a metal-halide lamp through a prism or series of dichroic filters that separates light to three polysilicon panels – one each for the red, green and blue components of the video signal. As polarized light passes through the panels.
  • Personal computers - i.e. Hewlett- Packard 9100A

    Personal computers - i.e. Hewlett- Packard 9100A
    The Hewlett-Packard 9100A (hp 9100A) is an early computer (or programmable calculator), first appearing in 1968. HP called it a desktop calculator because, as Bill Hewlett said, "If we had called it a computer, it would have been rejected by our customers' computer gurus because it didn't look like an IBM. We therefore decided to call it a calculator, and all such nonsense disappeared.
  • Apple 1

    Apple 1
    Apple Computer 1, also known later as the Apple I, or Apple-1, is a desktop computer released by the Apple Computer Company (now Apple Inc.) in 1976. It was designed and hand-built by Steve Wozniak. Wozniak's friend Steve Jobs had the idea of selling the computer[citation needed]. The Apple I was Apple's first product.
  • Portable Computers/Laptops/Netbooks

    Portable Computers/Laptops/Netbooks
    A portable computer was a computer designed to be easily moved from one place to another and included a display and keyboard.
  • Web browsers: Mosaic

    Web browsers: Mosaic
    NCSA Mosaic, or simply Mosaic, is the web browser that popularized the World Wide Web and the Internet. It was also a client for earlier internet protocols such as File Transfer Protocol, Network News Transfer Protocol, and Gopher. The browser was named for its support of multiple internet protocols.
  • Internet Explorer

    Internet Explorer
    Internet Explorer is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995. It was first released as part of the add-on package Plus! for Windows 95 that year. Later versions were available as free downloads, or in service packs, and included in the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) service releases of Windows 95 and later versions of Windows. The browser is discontinued, but still maintained.
  • Google

    Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
  • LiveJournal

    A weblog or blog site that allows a person to keep an online log to be used how they see fit. Places such as Livejournal can be considered similar to services that offer small parcels of online space for websites like Geocities - where big-name bloggers often have their own custom blog sites, others can get a Livejournal with no cost to them.
  • Smartphone

    A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi. Smartphones are typically pocket-sized, as opposed to tablet computers, which are much larger.
  • Wearable Technology

    Wearable Technology
    Wearable technology, wearables, fashionable technology, wearable devices, tech togs, or fashion electronics are smart electronic devices (electronic device with micro-controllers) that can be worn on the body as implants or accessories.
  • Friendster

    Friendster was a social gaming site based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It was originally a social networking service website.[3][4] Before Friendster was redesigned, the service allowed users to contact other members, maintain those contacts, and share online content and media with those contacts.[5] The website was also used for dating and discovering new events, bands and hobbies. Users could share videos, photos, messages and comments with other members via profiles and networks
  • Multiply

    Multiply was a social networking service with an emphasis on allowing users to share media – such as photos, videos and blog entries – with their "real-world" network. The website was launched in March 2004 and was privately held with backing by VantagePoint Venture Partners, Point Judith Capital, Transcosmos, and private investors
  • Wordpress

    WordPress is a free and open-source content management system (CMS) based on PHP and MySQL. To function, WordPress has to be installed on a web server, which would either be part of an Internet hosting service or a network host in its own right. An example of the first scenario may be a service like, and the second case could be a computer running the software package A local computer may be used for single-user testing and learning purposes.
  • Skype

    Skype is a telecommunications application software product that specializes in providing video chat and voice calls between computers, tablets, mobile devices, the Xbox One console, and smartwatches via the Internet and to regular telephones. Skype additionally provides instant messaging services. Users may transmit both text and video messages, and may exchange digital documents such as images, text, and video.
  • Facebook

    Facebook is a social networking service launched on February 4, 2004. It was founded by Mark Zuckerberg with his college roommate and fellow Harvard University student Eduardo Saverin.The website's membership was initially limited by the founders to Harvard students, but was expanded to other colleges in the Boston area.
  • YouTube

    Youtube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California. The service was created by three former PayPal employees—Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim—in February 2005. Google bought the site in November 2006 for US$1.65 billion; YouTube now operates as one of Google's subsidiaries.
  • Twitter

    Twitter is an online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets" were originally restricted to 140 characters, but on November 7, 2017, this limit was doubled for all languages except Japanese, Korean, and Chinese. Registered users can post tweets, but those who are unregistered can only read them. Users access Twitter through its website interface, through Short Message Service (SMS) or mobile-device application software.
  • Tumblr

    Tumblr is a microblogging and social networking website founded by David Karp in 2007, and owned by Oath Inc. The service allows users to post multimedia and other content to a short-form blog. Users can follow other users' blogs. Bloggers can also make their blogs private.[8][9] For bloggers many of the website's features are accessed from a "dashboard" interface.
  • Cloud and Big Data

    Cloud and Big Data
    With Big Data Analytics platforms like Apache Hadoop, structured and unstructured data can be processed. Cloud computing makes the whole process easier and accessible to small, medium and larger enterprises. Big Data analytics require new processing requirements for large data sets.
  • Virtual Reality

    Virtual Reality
    Virtual reality (VR) is an interactive computer-generated experience taking place within a simulated environment, that incorporates auditory, visual, haptic, and other types of sensory feedback. This immersive environment can be similar to the real world or it can be fantastical, creating an experience that is not possible in ordinary physical reality.