The History of Multimedia

  • Feb 25, 1435

    Leone Alberti writes Della Pictura,

    Leone Alberti writes Della Pictura,
  • Feb 25, 1450

    Johann Gutenberg invents movable type,

  • Feb 25, 1455

    Printing Press Gutenberg and Caxton, movable type printing

    Printing Press Gutenberg and Caxton, movable type printing
  • The first English daily newspaper, The Daily Courant, begins publication.

    The first English daily newspaper, The Daily Courant, begins publication.
  • England's Parliament formally concedes the right of journalists to cover its proceedings

    England's Parliament formally concedes the right of journalists to cover its proceedings
  • The World Turn'd Upside Down.” The American Colonies declare their independence fromGreat Britain

    The World Turn'd Upside Down.” The American Colonies declare their independence fromGreat Britain
  • Franklin discovers electricity

    Franklin discovers electricity
  • The First Amendment to the U.S.

    The First Amendment to the U.S.
  • Charles Babbage designs the Difference Engine

    Charles Babbage designs the Difference Engine
  • LADY BYRON (first computer program)

    LADY BYRON (first computer program)
    Babbage designs Analytical Machine, often considered to be the first general-purpose computer.
  • Charles Babbage conceives the first automatic digital computer, the Analytical Engine

    Charles Babbage conceives the first automatic digital computer, the Analytical Engine
  • Samuel Morse debuts the telegraph

    Samuel Morse debuts the telegraph
  • Louis Daguerre invents the daguerreotype, the first practical form of photographicreproduction.

    Louis Daguerre invents the daguerreotype, the first practical form of photographicreproduction.
  • Daguerreotype: photographs produced using a paper negative

  • Magazines begin publishing woodcuts and lithographs produced from daguerreotypes.

  • William Henry Fox Talbot patents the Calotype,

    William Henry Fox Talbot patents the Calotype,
  • Ada Byron, a mathematician and daughter of the famed poet, translates an article on Babbage'sAnalytical Engine, and at Babbage's request

    Ada Byron, a mathematician and daughter of the famed poet, translates an article on Babbage'sAnalytical Engine, and at Babbage's request
  • Six U.S. newspapers pool their resources to establish The Associated Press. The partnership isdesigned to help defray the huge expense of sending news stories via telegraph

  • Sir David Brewster exhibits the Stereoscope at the Crystal Palace in London. Queen Victoria isamused. Over the next 70 years, the three-dimensional picture viewer (think View-Master) will becomeas ubiquitous in households as television is today.

  • Roger Fenton photographs the Crimean War, but the pictures remain unseen by the generalpublic because newspapers cannot yet publish photos.

    Roger Fenton photographs the Crimean War, but the pictures remain unseen by the generalpublic because newspapers cannot yet publish photos.
  • Europe and North America are briefly linked by a transatlantic telegraph cable; by 1866, thesystem is up to stay. News that once took months to travel now takes seconds

  • Transatlantic cable laid

    Transatlantic cable laid
  • CRAY: Builds the CDC 1604 for Control Data Corporation. The first fully transistorized supercomputer.

  • Second generation computer introduced by IBM. Used transistors instead of vacuum tubes.

  • Remington Manual Typewriter

    Remington Manual Typewriter
  • The Associated Press leases its own telegraph line

  • Alexander Graham Bell makes the first phone call

  • Inventors in the U.S. and Germany debut the dynamic microphone.

  • about a light? Edison invents the incandescent light bulb.

    about a light? Edison invents the incandescent light bulb.
  • While tabulating the 1880 U.S. census, statistician Herman Hollerith invents anelectromechanical machine that reads holes in perforated cards

  • Development of the halftone process makes it possible to reproduce photographs in booksand newspapers

  • Burroughs: First commercially successful adding machine.

  • Film: Sequential photographs with sprockets manually pulled through a projector

  • Edison and William Kennedy-Laurie Dickson debut the Kinetograph

  • Eastman introduces the Brownie, a one-dollar camera designed for children.

  • Guglielmo Marconi perfects a wireless radio system that transmits Morse code over theAtlantic Ocean.

  • Georges Méliès releases Le Voyage dans la Lune

  • Edwin Porter releases The Great Train Robbery, which will popularize the Nickelodeon.

  • Victor Talking Machine Company introduces the Victrola. RCA will buy the company

  • David Sarnoff, a Marconi wireless operator in New York, receives the SOS from the sinkingTitanic.

    David Sarnoff, a Marconi wireless operator in New York, receives the SOS from the sinkingTitanic.
  • The teletype is introduced. Journalism is no longer predicated on the knowledge of MorseCode.

  • Griffith releases The Birth of a Nation, the first modern film. Moving camera shots andclose-ups are just two of the film's many innovations.

  • Robert Wiene releases The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari. The sets are designed by GermanExpressionist artists.

  • Commercial radio: KDKA Pittsburgh

  • Electronically recorded sound discsAT&T’s Bell labs allow recording of whole symphonies

  • Electronically recorded sound discsAT&T’s Bell labs allow recording of whole symphonies

    Electronically recorded sound discsAT&T’s Bell labs allow recording of whole symphonies
  • Conrad ZuseFirst calculator. First computer

  • Germany begins airing regular public TV broadcasts.

  • "Turing’s Machine" defined as capable of computing any calculable function

  • Orson Welles scares the daylights out of America. His radio adaptation of H.G. Wells' TheWar of the Worlds realistically simulates news coverage of an invasion by hostile Martians

  • First colour T.V.broadcast.

  • The first U.S. coast-to-coast television broadcast takes place as President Harry S. Trumanaddresses the opening of the Japanese Peace Treaty Conference in San Francisco.

  • Zuse – Z3: First machine to work on a binary system rather than decimal system.

  • Shockley, Bardeen and Brattain develop the transistor. More reliable and cheaper to run than vacuum tubes.

  • IBM 701: First electronic stored computer that used vacuum tubes, RAM, punch cards and was the size of a piano.

  • Removable disksPaul Baran sees a communications network different than the traditional point to point links. He envisioned a "fishnet network".

  • Phillips first compact audio cassette.

  • "Understanding Media" postulates the global village.

  • HE inventend the Xanadu hypertext project

  • Built and Developed of the first hypertext editing system

  • Fourth generation computer by IBM uses chips to reduce size and cost.

  • Intel 4004 chip developed by Hoff. Computers can now be owned by individuals.

  • Phillips laserdisc playback only deckPONG, first commercial video game

  • Kahn &Cerf present ideas for structure of Internet

  • Intel 8080 microprocessor which was to be used in many PC’s.

  • Email provided to 100 researchers

  • First commercially available cell phone

  • VisiCalc: the first spreadsheetWordstar: word processing package is released.

  • Word Processing MachineSingle purpose machine with limited storage on magnetic material.

  • Apollo Computer unveiled the first work station

  • First PC clone

  • Apple Computers introduces the Macintosh with the first mouse driven GUI (Graphical User Interface).

  • Desktop publishingAldus PageMaker for the Macintosh

  • SONY Betamax removed from consumer shelves

  • First digital audio tape players

  • 3D Graphics: 3D graphical supercomputersPixar's "Tin Toy": the first computer-animated film to win an Academy Award,

  • Handwriting recognition is introduced by grid with a touch sensitive pad on a lap top computers.

  • National Science Foundation lifts ban on commerce on the Internet.

  • National Science Foundation lifts ban on commerce on the Internet.

  • World Wide Web

  • Internet

  • Saehan-Eiger Labs releases the MPMan F10/F20, the first portable MP3 player.

  • Internet goes interactive; shopping, banking, live concerts, radio broadcasting, spamming

  • Internet goes interactive; shopping, banking, live concerts, radio broadcasting, spamming

  • Private ISP becomes big businessNetscape goes public

  • Private ISP becomes big businessNetscape goes public

  • RSS (Really Simple Syndication) is officially introduced. The format allows instantsyndication o

  • Napster debuts, allowing users to download (and share) their favorite MP3s.

  • Postmodern humans project images on the walls of their pyramids.

  • The revolution will be downloaded: Apple introduces iTunes (January) and the iPod