Media 4

The Evolution of Media

  • 40,000 BCE

    THE PRE-INDUSTRIAL AGE

    ( Before 1700s )
    This era marks the birth and the start of the discoveries and evolution of media. It highlights the traditional ways of communication when man was not yet civilized compared to today.
  • 38,000 BCE

    Cave Paintings

    Cave Paintings
    People of prehistoric age made caves as a medium to draw and tell the series of events in their lives. It was also their means of communication.
  • 30,000 BCE

    Clay Tablets

    Clay Tablets
    It is also called as stone tablets. In the ancient period, they use stone tablets to write announcements or record a statement.
  • 30,000 BCE

    Rock Carvings

    Rock Carvings
    Similar to the cave paintings, but instead prehistoric man used rocks to write what they want to say.
  • 3000 BCE

    Cuneiform

    Cuneiform
    It is a system of writing developed by the Sumerians of Mesopotamia.
  • 500 BCE

    Codex

    Codex
    A book constructed of a number of sheets of paper (vellum, papyrus or similar materials) with hand written contents made by the Christians.
  • 500 BCE

    Alphabet

    Alphabet
    The first real form of Alphabet was the Greek one because there was a symbol for every word.
  • 300 BCE

    Papyrus

    Papyrus
    A material similar to thick paper that was used in ancient times as a writing surface. It was made out of the pith of the papyrus plant.
  • 206 BCE

    Dibao (ancient Chinese gazette)

    Dibao (ancient Chinese gazette)
    Dibao literally "reports from the [official] residences", were a type of publications issued by central and local governments in imperial China. While closest in form and function to gazettes in the Western world, they have also been called "palace reports" or "imperial bulletins". Different sources place their first publication as early as the Han Dynasty (206 BC–220 AD) or as late as the Tang Dynasty (June 18, 618–June 4, 907).
  • 200 BCE

    Smoke Signaling

    Smoke Signaling
    It is one of the oldest form of long distance communication which uses smoke to address something.
  • 59 BCE

    Acta Diurna

    Acta Diurna
    A papyrus newspaper distributed in locations in Rome and around the Bathes. It was the first form of newspaper created by Julius Caesar.
  • 105

    Paper

    Paper
    Ts'ai Lun, a court eunuch in China, makes the first known paper. It is referred to many as traditional paper, made from wood-like material used obviously for writing.
  • 220

    Printing Press using Wood Blocks

    Printing Press using Wood Blocks
    Woodblock printing is a technique for printing text, images or patterns used widely throughout East Asia and originating in China in antiquity as a method of printing on textiles and later paper. As a method of printing on cloth, the earliest surviving examples from China date to before 220 AD, and woodblock printing remained the most common East Asian method of printing books and other texts, as well as images, until the 19th century.
  • 1440

    First Printing Press

    First Printing Press
    The first working printing press is Invented by Johann Gutenberg. It is also believed to be the first system and technology of printing and typography.
  • 1455

    First Printed Bible

    First Printed Bible
    Gutenberg produced what is considered to be the first book ever printed. It was in Latin language Bible, printed in Mainz, Germany.
  • Doctrina Cristiana

    Doctrina Cristiana
    An early book on the Roman Catholic Catechism, written by Fray Juan de Plasencia, and is believed to be one of the earliest printed books in the Philippines.
  • THE INDUSTRIAL AGE

    ( 1600s - 1930s )
    It is the time where technology had its baby steps because many of which are invented by this period of industrialization.
  • The Oxford Gazette

    The Oxford Gazette
    Later renamed as The London Gazette, is the first newspaper written in English.
  • First Speech Synthesizer

    First Speech Synthesizer
    Wolfgang von Kempelen develops a mechanical speaking machine, the world's first speech synthesizer, which was a functional representational model of the human vocal tract.
  • Typewriter

    Typewriter
    It is a hand-operated mechanical device with which on typing keys can produce printed characters on paper. The first type writer was actually conceptualized in 1714. The first working typewriter was only made by the Italian Pellegrino Turri.
  • Printing Press

    Printing Press
    The first printing press by Gutenberg was industrialized by Friedrich Koenig.
  • First Modern Photograph

    First Modern Photograph
    Joseph Niépce makes the first modern photograph, in which he managed to capture small camera images on paper coated with silver chloride.
  • Analytical Engine

    Analytical Engine
    The Analytical Engine was a proposed mechanical general-purpose computer designed by English mathematician and computer pioneer Charles Babbage. The Analytical Engine incorporated an arithmetic logic unit, control flow in the form of conditional branching and loops, and integrated memory, making it the first design for a general-purpose computer that could be described in modern terms as Turing-complete.
  • Telegraph

    Telegraph
    It is the long-distance transmission of textual or symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message. It is invented by Samuel Morse.
  • Zoopraxiscope

    Zoopraxiscope
    William Lincoln invented the first made Zoopraxiscope known as the "wheel of life". It has a slit were the person recording could see moving drawings or pictures.
  • Telephone

    Telephone
    Alexander Graham Bell made the first working telephone.
  • Phonograph

    Phonograph
    Thomas Alva Edison was the first inventor to create the phonograph. It was the first ever invented machine to record sound and play it back.
  • Punched Card

    Punched Card
    A punched card or punch card is a piece of stiff paper that can be used to contain digital information represented by the presence or absence of holes in predefined positions. The information might be data for data processing applications or, in earlier examples, used to directly control automated machinery.
  • Cinematograph

    Cinematograph
    An improved cinematograph, which in contrast to Thomas Edison's "peepshow" kinetoscope allowed simultaneous viewing by multiple parties. It is invented by brothers Louis and Auguste Lumiere.
  • Vitascope

    Vitascope
    Edison Vitascope was on public debut in New York, where it showed a film " Rough Sea at Dover" by Robert Paul. It was such a novelty and large screen projection enabled massive audiences to watch.
  • THE ELECTRONIC AGE

    ( 1900s - 1980s )
    The electronic age began when electronic equipment, including computers, came into use.
  • Wireless Telegraphy or Radio System

    Wireless Telegraphy or Radio System
    Guglielmo Marconi made the first radio.
  • Television

    Television
    Philo Taylor Farnsworth invented the first made television through his Horse in Motion experiment.
  • Electronic Television

    Electronic Television
    The first electronic television was demonstrated at San Francisco. It was a product of collaborative work of inventors.
  • Harvard Mark I

    Harvard Mark I
    The IBM Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (ASCC), called Mark I by Harvard University’s staff, was a general purpose electromechanical computer that was used in the war effort during the last part of World War II.
  • EDSAC

    EDSAC
    It stands for Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator. It is the first programmed computer. It is inspired by John von Neumann's seminal First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC, the machine was constructed by Maurice Wilkes and his team at the University of Cambridge Mathematical Laboratory in England.
  • Mechanical Encyclopedia

    Mechanical Encyclopedia
    In 1949, Angela Ruiz Robles, a Spanish teacher, invented the Mechanical Enclyclopedia, the world’s first automated reader, precursor of today’s eBooks. The device, that operated on pressurized air, had pre-loaded content on spools that readers could load onto rotating spindles.
  • UNIVAC

    UNIVAC
    UNIVAC is the name of a line of electronic digital stored-program computers starting with the products of the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation. Later the name was applied to a division of the Remington Rand company and successor organizations. UNIVAC is an acronym for Universal Automatic Computer.
  • IBM 701

    IBM 701
    The IBM 701, known as the Defense Calculator while in development, was announced to the public and was IBM’s first commercial scientific computer.
  • Transistor Radio

    Transistor Radio
    A transistor radio is a small portable radio receiver that uses transistor-based circuitry. Following their development in 1954, made possible by the invention of the transistor in 1947, they became the most popular electronic communication device in history, with billions manufactured during the 1960s and 1970s. Their pocket size sparked a change in popular music listening habits, allowing people to listen to music anywhere they went.
  • Packet Switching

    Packet Switching
    Leonard Kleinrock invented "packet switching", which was the first form of the Internet. Internet is probably the biggest place to start or read media.
  • Intergalactic Computer Network

    Intergalactic Computer Network
    Intergalactic Computer Network or Galactic Network was a computer networking concept similar to today's Internet. J.C.R. Licklider, the first director of the Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO) at The Pentagon's ARPA, used the term in the early 1960s to refer to a networking system he “imagined as an electronic commons open to all, ‘the main and essential medium of informational interaction for governments, institutions, corporations, and individuals.
  • Packard

    Packard
    Packard Bell is a Dutch-based computer manufacturing subsidiary of Acer. The brand name originally belonged to an American radio manufacturer, Packard Bell, founded by Herbert "Herb" A. Bell and Leon S. Packard in 1933.
  • ARPANET

    ARPANET
    The ARPANET was created and considered as the predecessor of the internet. It was a large area-wide network created by the US military, specially the US Defense Advanced Research Agency (ARPA), to serve a ground for networking technologies that will link the military to various federal agencies.
    It enables the development and the unabated growth of the new media because it democratized the platform for creating, producing, and disseminating information.
  • First Network Email

    First Network Email
    The first email marked an historic moment in the evolution of communication. The text of that first electronic missive consisted of "something like QWERTYUIOP." Sent by computer engineer Ray Tomlinson in 1971, the email was simply a test message to himself. The email was sent from one computer to another computer sitting right beside it in Cambridge, Massachusetts, but it traveled via ARPANET, a network of computers that was the precursor to the Internet.
  • Cell Phone

    Cell Phone
    Dr. Martin Cooper invented the first cell phone. It was the first portable way to call someone if you weren't home.
  • Compact Disc

    Compact Disc
    James T. Russell invented the overall concept of optical digital recording and playback. He built prototypes of the compact disc, and the first was operating in 1973.
  • Apple 1

    Apple 1
    Apple Computer 1, also known later as the Apple I, or Apple-1, is a desktop computer released by the Apple Computer Company (now Apple Inc.) in 1976. It was designed and hand-built by Steve Wozniak. Wozniak's friend Steve Jobs had the idea of selling the computer.
  • Walkman

    Walkman
    Sony chief and founder Masaru lbuka & Akio Montita, were the first people to make the Walkman. Without the Walkman, we would have never developed other hand held music players like we know today such as the iPod (2001).
  • Usenet Newsgroup

    Usenet Newsgroup
    Usenet is a worldwide distributed discussion system available on computers. It was developed from the general-purpose UUCP dial-up network architecture. Tom Truscott and Jim Ellis conceived the idea in 1979, and it was established in 1980. Users read and post messages (called articles or posts, and collectively termed news) to one or more categories, known as newsgroups.
  • Laptop

    Laptop
    Laptop, often called a notebook or "notebook computer", is a small, portable personal computer with a "clamshell" form factor, an alphanumeric keyboard on the lower part of the "clamshell" and a thin LCD or LED computer screen on the upper portion, which is opened up to use the computer. Laptops are folded shut for transportation, and thus are suitable for mobile use.
  • First Known Music Video

    First Known Music Video
    Video Killed The Radio Star by The Buggles was the first music video introduced to the public. When MTV first broadcasted this music video it started the making of the music videos we know today.
  • THE INFORMATION AGE

    ( 1980s - present )
    It is a period in human history characterized by the shift from traditional industry that the Industrial Revolution brought through industrialization, to an economy based on information computerization.
  • Macintosh

    Macintosh
    The Macintosh is a family of personal computers (PCs) designed, developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. Steve Jobs introduced the original Macintosh computer on January 24, 1984. This was the company's first mass-market personal computer featuring an integral graphical user interface and mouse.
  • Bulletin Board System

    Bulletin Board System
    A computer running software that allows users to connect and exchange messages and information using a terminal program.
    It was started to operate this time using software that ran on an IBM XT Clone PC, with a modem that ran on 1200 bpm.
  • Mosaic Browser

    Mosaic Browser
    Mosaic, is a discontinued early web browser. It has been credited with popularizing the World Wide Web. It was also a client for earlier protocols such as File Transfer Protocol, Network News Transfer Protocol, and Gopher. The browser was named for its support of multiple internet protocols. Its intuitive interface, reliability, Windows port and simple installation all contributed to its popularity within the web, as well as on Microsoft operating systems.
  • World Wide Web

    World Wide Web
    Sir Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web. It is information system on the Internet that allows documents to be connected to other documents by hypertext links, enabling the user to search for information by moving from one document to another.
  • Internet Explorer

    Internet Explorer
    It is created by Microsoft Corporation. Internet Explorer was one of the most widely used web browsers, attaining a peak of about 95% usage share during 2002 and 2003.
  • WikiWikiWeb

    WikiWikiWeb
    The WikiWikiWeb is the first ever wiki, or user-editable website. It was launched on 25 March 1995 by its inventor, programmer Ward Cunningham, to accompany the Portland Pattern Repository website discussing software design patterns. The name WikiWikiWeb originally also applied to the wiki software that operated the website, written in the Perl programming language and later renamed to "WikiBase".
  • Yahoo!

    Yahoo!
    Yahoo! was globally known for its Web portal, search engine Yahoo! Search, and related services, including Yahoo! Directory, Yahoo! Mail, Yahoo! News, Yahoo! Finance, Yahoo! Groups, Yahoo! Answers, advertising, online mapping, video sharing, fantasy sports, and its social media website.
  • Google

    Google
    Google is an American multinational technology company specializing in Internet-related services and products. These include online advertising technologies, search, cloud computing, software, and hardware. Alexa, a company that monitors commercial web traffic, lists Google.com as the most visited website in the world.
  • Wikipedia

    Wikipedia
    Wikipedia began with its launch two days after the domain was registered by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger. Its technological and conceptual underpinnings predate this; the earliest known proposal for an online encyclopedia was made by Rick Gates in 1993, but the concept of a free-as-in-freedom online encyclopedia was proposed by Richard Stallman in December 2000.
  • Friendster

    Friendster
    Friendster was originally a social networking service website which allowed users to contact other members, maintain those contacts, and share online content and media with those contacts. It is considered one of the original and even the "grandfather" of social networks.
  • Skype

    Skype
    Skype is an instant messaging app that provides online text message and video chat services. Users may transmit both text and video messages and may exchange digital documents such as images, text, and video. Skype allows video conference calls.
  • Multiply

    Multiply
    Multiply was a social networking service with an emphasis on allowing users to share media with their "real-world" network. It had over 11 million registered users. On Multiply, a user's network was made up of their direct contacts, as well as others who are closely connected to them through their first-degree relationships.
  • Myspace

    Myspace
    Myspace is a social networking website offering an interactive, user-submitted network of friends, personal profiles, blogs, groups, photos, music, and videos.
  • Facebook

    Facebook
    Facebook is an American for-profit corporation and an online social media and social networking service based in Menlo Park, California. The Facebook website was launched on February 4, 2004, by Mark Zuckerberg, along with fellow Harvard College students and roommates, Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz, and Chris Hughes.
  • Youtube

    Youtube
    YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California. The service was created by three former PayPal employees – Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim
  • Twitter

    Twitter
    Twitter is an online news and social networking service where users post and interact with messages, "tweets", restricted to 140 characters. Registered users can post tweets, but those who are unregistered can only read them.
  • Tumblr

    Tumblr
    Tumblr is a microblogging and social networking website founded by David Karp in 2007, and owned by Oath Inc. The service allows users to post multimedia and other content to a short-form blog. As of November 1, 2017, Tumblr hosts over 375.4 million blogs. As of January 2016, the website had 555 million monthly visitors.
  • WhatsApp

    WhatsApp
    WhatsApp Messenger is a freeware and cross-platform instant messaging and Voice over IP (VoIP) service. The application allows the sending of text messages and voice calls, as well as video calls, images and other media, documents, and user location.The service uses standard cellular mobile numbers and the application runs from a mobile device, though it is also accessible from desktop computers.
  • Instagram

    Instagram
    Instagram is a mobile, desktop, and Internet-based photo-sharing application and service that allows users to share pictures and videos either publicly, or privately to pre-approved followers.
  • Pinterest

    Pinterest
    Pinterest is a web and mobile application startup that operates a software system designed to discover information on the World Wide Web, mainly utilizing images and on a shorter scale, GIFs and videos.
  • Vine

    Vine
    Vine was a short-form video hosting service where users could share six-second-long looping video clips. The service was founded in June 2012, and American microblogging website Twitter acquired it in October 2012, just before its official launch.