Liang Ling-Can invents the first fully mechanical clock
Period: Aug 12, 724 to
Aug 13, 1492
Leonardo Da Vinci
Drawings by Leonardo da Vinci depict inventions such as flying machines, including a helicopter, the first mechanical calculator and one of the first programmable robots
John Napier invents a system of moveable rods (Napier's Rods) based on logarithms which was able to multiply, divide and calculate square and cube roots
William Oughtred develops slide rules
Blaise Pascal invents the the "Pascaline", a mechanical adding machine
Gottfried Leibniz is known as one of the founding fathers of calculus
Joseph-Marie Jacquard invents an automatic loom controlled by punched cards
Charles Xavire Thomas de Colmar
The Arithmometer was the first mass-produced calculator invented by Charles Xavier Thomas de Colmar
Charles Babbage designs his first mechanical computer
Charles Babbage II
The Analytical Engine was invented by Charles Babbage
Samuel Morse invents Morse code
Boolean algebra is invented by George Boole
Georg Scheutz & Edward Scheutz
Per Georg Scheutz and his son Edvard invent the Tabulating Machine
William Stanley Jevons
William Stanley Jevons designs a practical logic machine
Ramon Verea invents a fast calculator with an internal multiplication table
Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone called the Photophone
Dorr E. Felt
The Comptometer is an invention of Dorr E. Felt which is operated by pressing keys
Herman Hollerith invents a counting machine which increment mechanical counters
Radio signals were invented by Guglielmo Marconi
Herman Hollerith II
Herman Hollerith forms the Tabulating Machine Company which later becomes IBM
Remote control was invented by Nikola Tesla
Lee Da Forest
Lee De Forest invents the electronic tube
IBM is formed on June 15, 1911
Television Electronic was invented by Philo Farnsworth
John Logie Baird
Electro Mechanical television system was invented by John Logie Baird
Walther Bothe develops the logic gate
Vannevar Bush develops a partly electronic Difference Engine
Kurt Godel publishes a paper on the use of a universal formal language
Alan Turing develops the concept of a theoretical computing machine
Konrad Zuse creates the Z1 Computer a binary digital computer using punch tape
George Stibitz develops the Complex Number Calculator - a foundation for digital computers
Willian Hewlett & David Packard
William Hewlett and David Packard start Hewlett Packard
John Vincent Atanasoff & Clifford Berry
John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry develop the ABC (Atanasoft-Berry Computer) prototype
(OMG!!!!!) Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler uses the Enigma encryption machine
Alan Turing II
Alan Turing develops the the code-breaking machine Colossus
Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper
Howard Aiken and Grace Hopper designed the MARK series of computers at Harvard University
John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly:
John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly develop the ENIAC ( Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer)
The term computer ‘bug’ as computer bug was first used by Grace Hopper
F.C. Williams develops his cathode-ray tube (CRT) storing device the forerunner to random-access memory (RAM)
Donald Watts Davies & Alan Turing
Donald Watts Davies joins Alan Turing to build the fastest digital computer in England at the time, the Pilot ACE
William Shockley invents the transistor at Bell Labs
Douglas Engelbart theorises on interactive computing with keyboard and screen display instead of on punchcards
Andrew Donald Booth
Andrew Donald Booth invents magnetic drum memory
Frederic Calland Willians & Tom Kilbum
Frederic Calland Williams & Tom Kilburn develop the SSEM "Small Scale Experimental Machine" digital CRT storage which was soon nicknamed the "Baby"
Claude Shannon builds the first machine that plays chess
Howard Aiken develops the Harvard-MARK III
The first electronic computer is created in Japan by Hideo Yamachito.
Alan Turing III
Alan Turing publishes his paper Computing Machinery and Intelligence which helps create the Turing Test.
T. Raymond Thompson & John Simmons
T. Raymond Thompson and John Simmons develop the first business computer, the Lyons Electronic Office (LEO) at Lyons Co.
John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
UNIVAC I (UNIVersal Automatic Computer I) was introduced - the first commercial computer made in the United States and designed principally by John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
The EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer) begins performing basic tasks. Unlike the ENIAC, it was binary rather than decimal
The IBM 701 becomes available and a total of 19 are sold to the scientific community.
John Backus & IBM
John Backus & IBM develop the FORTRAN Computer Programming Language
Bell Labs II
Bell Labs introduces its first transistor computer.
Basil Hirschowitz, C. Wilbur Peters, & Lawrence E. Curtiss
Optical fiber was invented by Basil Hirschowitz, C. Wilbur Peters, and Lawrence E. Curtiss
Sputnik I and Sputnik II: Sputnik I and Sputnik II are launched by the Russians
(Advanced Research Projects Agency) and NASA is formed
Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce
The first integrated circuit, or silicon chip, is produced by the US Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce
Paul Baran theorises on the "survivability of communication systems under nuclear attack", digital technology and symbiosis between humans and machines
The Common Business-Oriented Language (COBOL) programming language is invented.
General Motors puts the first industrial robot, Unimate, to work in a New Jersey factory.
Steve Russell & MIT
The first computer game Spacewar Computer Game invented BY Steve Russell & MIT
Douglas Engelbart II
Douglas Engelbart invents and patents the first computer mouse (nicknamed the mouse because the tail came out the end)
American Standard Code for Information
The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is developed to standardize data exchange among computers.
IBM introduces the first word processor
John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz
John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz develop Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Language (BASIC)
Andries van Dam & Ted Nelson
Andries van Dam and Ted Nelson coin the term "hypertext"
IBM creates the first floppy disk
Seymour Cray develops the CDC 7600, the first supercomputer
Gary Starkweather invents the laser printer whilst working with Xerox
The U.S. Department of Defense sets up the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET ) this network was the first building blocks to what the internet is today but originally with the intention of creating a computer network that could withstand any type of disaster.
Intel introduces the world's first available dynamic RAM ( random-access memory) chip and the first microprocessor, the Intel 4004.
E-mail was invented by Ray Tomlinson
Liquid Crystal Display ( LCD ) was invented by James Fergason
Pocket calculator was invented by Sharp Corporation
Floppy Disk was invented by David Noble with IBM - Nicknamed the "Floppy" for its flexibility.
Atari releases Pong, the first commercial video game
The compact disc is invented in the United States.
Robert Metcalfe creates the Ethernet, a local-area network (LAN) protocol
Vint Cerf & Bob Kahn
Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn develop gateway routing computers to negotiate between the various national networks
The minicomputer Xerox Alto (1973) was a landmark step in the development of personal computers
IBM develops SEQUEL (Structured English Query Language ) now known as SQL
Charles Simonyi coins the term WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) to describe the ability of being able to display a file or document exactly how it is going to be printed or viewed
Altair produces the first portable computer
The Microsoft Corporation was founded April 4, 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800
Steve Wozniak & Steve Jobs
Apple Computers was founded Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs
Apple Computer’s Apple II, the first personal computer with color graphics, is demonstrated
Ward Christensen writes the programme "MODEM" allowing two microcomputers to exchange files with each other over a phone line
The first magnetic tape is developed in the US
Holy Jeebus Christmas
Over half a million computers are in use in the United States.
Paul Allen &Bill Gates
IBM hires Paul Allen and Bill Gates to create an operating system for a new PC. They buy the rights to a simple operating system manufactured by Seattle Computer Products and use it as a template to develop DOS.
MS-DOS Computer Operating System increases its success
WordPerfect Corporation introduces WordPerfect 1.0 a word processing program
The Commodore 64
The Commodore 64 becomes the best-selling computer of all time.
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is introduced
More than 10 million computers are in use in the United States
Domain Name System (DNS) pioneered by Jon Postel, Paul Mockapetris and Craig Partridge. Seven 'top-level' domain names are initially introduced: edu, com, gov, mil, net, org and int.