Computer History Timeline

By Khrys
  • Aug 12, 724

    Liang Ling-Can

    Liang Ling-Can
    Liang Ling-Can invents the first fully mechanical clock
  • Period: Aug 12, 724 to

    Computer History

  • Aug 13, 1492

    Leonardo Da Vinci

    Leonardo Da Vinci
    Drawings by Leonardo da Vinci depict inventions such as flying machines, including a helicopter, the first mechanical calculator and one of the first programmable robots
  • John Napier

    John Napier
    John Napier invents a system of moveable rods (Napier's Rods) based on logarithms which was able to multiply, divide and calculate square and cube roots
  • William Oughtred

    William Oughtred
    William Oughtred develops slide rules
  • Blaise Pascal

    Blaise Pascal
    Blaise Pascal invents the the "Pascaline", a mechanical adding machine
  • Gottfried Leibniz

    Gottfried Leibniz
    Gottfried Leibniz is known as one of the founding fathers of calculus
  • Joseph-Maire Jacquard

    Joseph-Maire Jacquard
    Joseph-Marie Jacquard invents an automatic loom controlled by punched cards
  • Charles Xavire Thomas de Colmar

    Charles Xavire Thomas de Colmar
    The Arithmometer was the first mass-produced calculator invented by Charles Xavier Thomas de Colmar
  • Charles Babbage

    Charles Babbage
    Charles Babbage designs his first mechanical computer
  • Charles Babbage II

    Charles Babbage II
    The Analytical Engine was invented by Charles Babbage
  • Samuel Morse

    Samuel Morse
    Samuel Morse invents Morse code
  • George Boole

    George Boole
    Boolean algebra is invented by George Boole
  • Georg Scheutz & Edward Scheutz

    Georg Scheutz & Edward Scheutz
    Per Georg Scheutz and his son Edvard invent the Tabulating Machine
  • William Stanley Jevons

    William Stanley Jevons
    William Stanley Jevons designs a practical logic machine
  • Ramon Verea

    Ramon Verea
    Ramon Verea invents a fast calculator with an internal multiplication table
  • Alexander Graham Bell

    Alexander Graham Bell
    Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone called the Photophone
  • Dorr E. Felt

    Dorr E. Felt
    The Comptometer is an invention of Dorr E. Felt which is operated by pressing keys
  • Herman Hollerith

    Herman Hollerith
    Herman Hollerith invents a counting machine which increment mechanical counters
  • Guglielmo Marconi

    Guglielmo Marconi
    Radio signals were invented by Guglielmo Marconi
  • Herman Hollerith II

    Herman Hollerith II
    Herman Hollerith forms the Tabulating Machine Company which later becomes IBM
  • Nikola Tesla

    Nikola Tesla
    Remote control was invented by Nikola Tesla
  • Lee Da Forest

    Lee Da Forest
    Lee De Forest invents the electronic tube
  • IBM

    IBM
    IBM is formed on June 15, 1911
  • Philo Farnsworth

    Philo Farnsworth
    Television Electronic was invented by Philo Farnsworth
  • John Logie Baird

    John Logie Baird
    Electro Mechanical television system was invented by John Logie Baird
  • Walther Bothe

    Walther Bothe
    Walther Bothe develops the logic gate
  • Vannevar Bush

    Vannevar Bush
    Vannevar Bush develops a partly electronic Difference Engine
  • Kurt Godel

    Kurt Godel
    Kurt Godel publishes a paper on the use of a universal formal language
  • Alan Turing

    Alan Turing
    Alan Turing develops the concept of a theoretical computing machine
  • Konrad Zuse

    Konrad Zuse
    Konrad Zuse creates the Z1 Computer a binary digital computer using punch tape
  • George Stibitz

    George Stibitz
    George Stibitz develops the Complex Number Calculator - a foundation for digital computers
  • Willian Hewlett & David Packard

    Willian Hewlett & David Packard
    William Hewlett and David Packard start Hewlett Packard
  • John Vincent Atanasoff & Clifford Berry

    John Vincent Atanasoff & Clifford Berry
    John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry develop the ABC (Atanasoft-Berry Computer) prototype
  • (OMG!!!!!) Adolf Hitler

    (OMG!!!!!) Adolf Hitler
    Adolf Hitler uses the Enigma encryption machine
  • Alan Turing II

    Alan Turing II
    Alan Turing develops the the code-breaking machine Colossus
  • Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper

    Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper
    Howard Aiken and Grace Hopper designed the MARK series of computers at Harvard University
  • John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly:

    John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly:
    John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly develop the ENIAC ( Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer)
  • Grace Hopper

    Grace Hopper
    The term computer ‘bug’ as computer bug was first used by Grace Hopper
  • F.C. Williams

    F.C. Williams
    F.C. Williams develops his cathode-ray tube (CRT) storing device the forerunner to random-access memory (RAM)
  • Donald Watts Davies & Alan Turing

    Donald Watts Davies & Alan Turing
    Donald Watts Davies joins Alan Turing to build the fastest digital computer in England at the time, the Pilot ACE
  • William Shockley

    William Shockley
    William Shockley invents the transistor at Bell Labs
  • Douglas Engelbart

    Douglas Engelbart
    Douglas Engelbart theorises on interactive computing with keyboard and screen display instead of on punchcards
  • Andrew Donald Booth

    Andrew Donald Booth
    Andrew Donald Booth invents magnetic drum memory
  • Frederic Calland Willians & Tom Kilbum

    Frederic Calland Willians & Tom Kilbum
    Frederic Calland Williams & Tom Kilburn develop the SSEM "Small Scale Experimental Machine" digital CRT storage which was soon nicknamed the "Baby"
  • Claude Shannon

    Claude Shannon
    Claude Shannon builds the first machine that plays chess
  • Howard Aiken

    Howard Aiken
    Howard Aiken develops the Harvard-MARK III
  • Hideo Yamachito

    Hideo Yamachito
    The first electronic computer is created in Japan by Hideo Yamachito.
  • Alan Turing III

    Alan Turing III
    Alan Turing publishes his paper Computing Machinery and Intelligence which helps create the Turing Test.
  • T. Raymond Thompson & John Simmons

    T. Raymond Thompson &  John Simmons
    T. Raymond Thompson and John Simmons develop the first business computer, the Lyons Electronic Office (LEO) at Lyons Co.
  • John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly

    John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
    UNIVAC I (UNIVersal Automatic Computer I) was introduced - the first commercial computer made in the United States and designed principally by John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
  • EDVAC

    EDVAC
    The EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer) begins performing basic tasks. Unlike the ENIAC, it was binary rather than decimal
  • IBM

    IBM
    The IBM 701 becomes available and a total of 19 are sold to the scientific community.
  • John Backus & IBM

    John Backus & IBM
    John Backus & IBM develop the FORTRAN Computer Programming Language
  • Bell Labs II

    Bell Labs II
    Bell Labs introduces its first transistor computer.
  • Basil Hirschowitz, C. Wilbur Peters, & Lawrence E. Curtiss

    Basil Hirschowitz, C. Wilbur Peters, & Lawrence E. Curtiss
    Optical fiber was invented by Basil Hirschowitz, C. Wilbur Peters, and Lawrence E. Curtiss
  • Sputnik

    Sputnik
    Sputnik I and Sputnik II: Sputnik I and Sputnik II are launched by the Russians
  • NASA

    NASA
    (Advanced Research Projects Agency) and NASA is formed
  • Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce

    Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce
    The first integrated circuit, or silicon chip, is produced by the US Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce
  • Paul Baran

    Paul Baran
    Paul Baran theorises on the "survivability of communication systems under nuclear attack", digital technology and symbiosis between humans and machines
  • COBOL

    COBOL
    The Common Business-Oriented Language (COBOL) programming language is invented.
  • General Motors

    General Motors
    General Motors puts the first industrial robot, Unimate, to work in a New Jersey factory.
  • Steve Russell & MIT

    Steve Russell & MIT
    The first computer game Spacewar Computer Game invented BY Steve Russell & MIT
  • Douglas Engelbart II

    Douglas Engelbart  II
    Douglas Engelbart invents and patents the first computer mouse (nicknamed the mouse because the tail came out the end)
  • American Standard Code for Information

    American Standard Code for Information
    The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is developed to standardize data exchange among computers.
  • IBM III

    IBM III
    IBM introduces the first word processor
  • John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz

    John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz
    John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz develop Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Language (BASIC)
  • Andries van Dam & Ted Nelson

    Andries van Dam & Ted Nelson
    Andries van Dam and Ted Nelson coin the term "hypertext"
  • IBM IV

    IBM IV
    IBM creates the first floppy disk
  • Seymour Cray

    Seymour Cray
    Seymour Cray develops the CDC 7600, the first supercomputer
  • Gary Starkweather

    Gary Starkweather
    Gary Starkweather invents the laser printer whilst working with Xerox
  • ARPANET

    ARPANET
    The U.S. Department of Defense sets up the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET ) this network was the first building blocks to what the internet is today but originally with the intention of creating a computer network that could withstand any type of disaster.
  • Intel

    Intel
    Intel introduces the world's first available dynamic RAM ( random-access memory) chip and the first microprocessor, the Intel 4004.
  • Ray Tomlinson

    Ray Tomlinson
    E-mail was invented by Ray Tomlinson
  • James Fergason

    James Fergason
    Liquid Crystal Display ( LCD ) was invented by James Fergason
  • SHARP

    SHARP
    Pocket calculator was invented by Sharp Corporation
  • David Noble

    David Noble
    Floppy Disk was invented by David Noble with IBM - Nicknamed the "Floppy" for its flexibility.
  • PONG !!

    PONG !!
    Atari releases Pong, the first commercial video game
  • Compact Disc

    Compact Disc
    The compact disc is invented in the United States.
  • Robert Metcalfe

    Robert Metcalfe
    Robert Metcalfe creates the Ethernet, a local-area network (LAN) protocol
  • Vint Cerf & Bob Kahn

    Vint Cerf & Bob Kahn
    Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn develop gateway routing computers to negotiate between the various national networks
  • Xerox Alto

    Xerox Alto
    The minicomputer Xerox Alto (1973) was a landmark step in the development of personal computers
  • SQL

    SQL
    IBM develops SEQUEL (Structured English Query Language ) now known as SQL
  • Charles Simonyi

    Charles Simonyi
    Charles Simonyi coins the term WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) to describe the ability of being able to display a file or document exactly how it is going to be printed or viewed
  • Laptop

    Laptop
    Altair produces the first portable computer
  • Microsoft

    Microsoft
    The Microsoft Corporation was founded April 4, 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800
  • Steve Wozniak & Steve Jobs

    Steve Wozniak & Steve Jobs
    Apple Computers was founded Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs
  • Apple II

    Apple II
    Apple Computer’s Apple II, the first personal computer with color graphics, is demonstrated
  • Ward Christensen

    Ward Christensen
    Ward Christensen writes the programme "MODEM" allowing two microcomputers to exchange files with each other over a phone line
  • Magnetic Tape

    Magnetic Tape
    The first magnetic tape is developed in the US
  • Holy Jeebus Christmas

    Holy Jeebus Christmas
    Over half a million computers are in use in the United States.
  • Paul Allen &Bill Gates

    Paul Allen &Bill Gates
    IBM hires Paul Allen and Bill Gates to create an operating system for a new PC. They buy the rights to a simple operating system manufactured by Seattle Computer Products and use it as a template to develop DOS.
  • MS-DOS

    MS-DOS
    MS-DOS Computer Operating System increases its success
  • WordPerfect

    WordPerfect
    WordPerfect Corporation introduces WordPerfect 1.0 a word processing program
  • The Commodore 64

    The Commodore 64
    The Commodore 64 becomes the best-selling computer of all time.
  • SMTP

    SMTP
    SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is introduced
  • HOLY MACORONIZ

    HOLY MACORONIZ
    More than 10 million computers are in use in the United States
  • DNS

    DNS
    Domain Name System (DNS) pioneered by Jon Postel, Paul Mockapetris and Craig Partridge. Seven 'top-level' domain names are initially introduced: edu, com, gov, mil, net, org and int.